Definition of furrow in US English:



  • 1A long narrow trench made in the ground by a plow, especially for planting seeds or for irrigation.

    • ‘There is also risk of injury when seed furrows fail to close completely and rain washes herbicide into the seed furrow where direct contact with seed is possible.’
    • ‘The bacteria may be applied to the seed or placed in the seed furrow at planting.’
    • ‘When machine seeding, plant in a shallow furrow or spread seeds out and disk them into the soil.’
    • ‘Also at planting time, growers might want to consider increasing their Temik rate in the seed furrow if they know high nematode populations are present, Lorenz says.’
    • ‘Ripping is done in narrow bands or planting furrows at a regular interval from each other in dry season.’
    • ‘On untreated furrows, the sediment stacks up against the residue which can cause the rows to break over.’
    • ‘By holding the blade at an angle, you can use the garden hoe to make furrows for seed planting.’
    • ‘These depressions include plough furrows running at right angles to the dominant slope direction or irregularities left after harrowing.’
    • ‘She's driving the tractor, it's a beautiful Spring day; she's watching the furrows turn under the wheels of her tractor.’
    • ‘Given the dry conditions this year, there's likely to be loose soil at the bottom of the furrow which may clog the furrow during the first irrigation.’
    • ‘Planting into too-wet soil may result in poor seed-soil contact or seed furrows that reopen upon drying.’
    • ‘With a hoe, make furrows 1 inch deep and 18 inches apart.’
    • ‘Hoe drills, especially those with wider row spacing, can plant seed deeper because they can build a ridge and plant in the furrow.’
    • ‘Previously they were left to lie fallow allowing rainwater to collect in the plough furrows.’
    • ‘A yoke on oxen prevents them from moving away from each other so that they plough the furrow correctly.’
    • ‘The use of liquid insecticide placed in the furrow with the seed has gained in popularity over the last few years as a convenient and inexpensive method to achieve wireworm and seedcorn maggot control.’
    • ‘Then plant vetch seed, either in furrows or by broadcasting.’
    • ‘Applying 1.0-2.0 in. of water after the seed has been planted will cause soil particles to dislodge and move from the tops of soil ridges into the seed furrow.’
    • ‘The shallow planting resulted from the planter not adequately cutting through heavy corn and soybean residue and properly placing the seed in the furrow.’
    • ‘York's medieval farmers who used to plough a furrow here would still recognise it.’
    1. 1.1 A rut, groove, or trail in the ground or another surface.
      ‘truck wheels had dug furrows in the sand’
      • ‘The steep, slimy furrows might be an image of the surface of your brain, covered by the infected membrane.’
      • ‘Unlike most pools, this one was filled to a depth of one meter with clean, white sand, its surface raked smooth, leaving small furrows, perfectly spaced.’
      • ‘This all goes out the window when you get into a furrow situation because the track is square in section and the furrow isn't.’
      • ‘The second most obvious difference is that folds and furrows mark the surface of the human brain, while the surface of the mouse brain is smooth.’
      • ‘Instead he did a nosedive right beside the chest, his chin gouging a furrow in the sandy soil.’
      • ‘The throats of balaenids are smooth, lacking the furrows or grooves of some other mysticetes.’
      • ‘Shot by shot, backing up as he goes, he slowly digs a long furrow of divots until he can roll the red shaft into the trench and start again from the top, and again, and again.’
      • ‘He turned and picked up his roll, which had been grazed by a bullet, leaving a short furrow in the surface.’
      • ‘We have ploughed a phosphorescent furrow in the darkness through chunky, Atlantic seas, windward of the West Indies, from Barbados down to Tobago.’
      • ‘In the furrows and in the grooves between ‘straps,’ the carapace is smooth with fine punctae.’
      • ‘The accumulation makes an eye-catching surface that looks like a relief map; furrows and ridges dominate the composition.’
      • ‘Alan and Tess began to quickly dig another furrow in the sand beside their daughter.’
      • ‘Sally grabbed Jonah's arm and pulled him back from the railing, her fingernails digging white furrows in his forearm.’
      • ‘Spread a bed of mortar to a little more than the prescribed thickness (the string line will guide you in this) and roughen the mortar surface by making a shallow furrow with the point of the trowel.’
      • ‘It is also interesting to see that specimens of the latter group invariably show smooth surface and indistinct dorsal furrows.’
      • ‘For example, car tyres are flexible in that they yield to the bumps and furrows in the road surface, but they cannot change their shape or their tread patterns to accommodate different surfaces.’
      • ‘His claws dug deep furrows in the red dirt, and tiny wisps of smoke blew from his nostrils.’
      • ‘A musket ball whined past my ear and gouged a furrow in the trunk of a tree.’
      • ‘A fluid together with its entrained load moving over a cohesive bed erodes longitudinal furrows or grooves when the stress exceeds the critical erosion velocity.’
      • ‘The scratches that the stylus makes are legible, but in order to make them more plain, ink is rubbed upon the surface of the leaves, which fills up the furrows forming the letters.’
      groove, trench, rut, trough, ditch, channel, seam, gutter, gouge, hollow, fissure, gash, track
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    2. 1.2 A line or wrinkle on a person's face.
      ‘there were deep furrows in his brow’
      • ‘When you feel stressed, angry or frustrated, your skin will show it over time as furrows and small lines and breakouts.’
      • ‘When I laugh, my eyes still naturally crinkle, but there aren't the ferocious, deep furrows I've grown used to.’
      • ‘The wrinkled old man seemed to relax, but the deep furrow in his brow didn't lift until she had her hand on the doorknob.’
      • ‘The wrinkles, furrows and folds around the woman's assessing eyes, dominant nose and chin and clamped mouth are minutely delineated, as are the varying tones of brown in her tanned face.’
      • ‘Almost 11 percent used a soft tissue filler to fight wrinkles, furrows and folds.’
      • ‘Menopause adds to the decay, with thinner skin and more wrinkles and furrows.’
      • ‘I'm 33 years young with a well-earned furrow between my brows.’
      • ‘It depletes with age, explains Stephanie, so collagen injections can reverse this and fill out the lines and facial furrows left behind.’
      • ‘Then, a deep furrow appeared between her brows, and she dropped her hand as she shut her eyes.’
      • ‘In this form of germ warfare, Botox removes those unsightly furrows between your brows, the crow's feet at the corners of your eyes, and even the worry lines on your forehead.’
      • ‘She no longer wore any makeup, but her face had a severe beauty, all the same, that shone through the crow's feet around her eyes and the vertical furrows on either side of her mouth.’
      • ‘Deep furrows creased his handsome face as he attached the vital message to the homing pigeon's leg.’
      • ‘‘I asked her a few too many questions, I think,’ Brett replied as a deep furrow creased his brow.’
      • ‘She cocked her head and frowned, furrows wrinkling the velvet of her muzzle.’
      • ‘The grooves, the furrows and the crow's feet are still there but my skin is smoother and I feel healthier.’
      • ‘Daubing at the deep furrows which would no doubt leave long, ugly scars, I eased myself into a chair.’
      • ‘Botox also could be useful for alleviating migraine headaches and lower back pain, and for cosmetic uses, such as brow furrow and crow's feet.’
      • ‘Add gravity to the constant tug and you produce lines, furrows and sagging.’
      • ‘Look at family members to see if there are shared traits, such as brow furrows, crow's feet or under-eye bags.’
      • ‘A couple of furrows wrinkled the fur at the bridge of his muzzle and he flicked a quick gesture at the nearby guards; they moved to keep orbiting petitioners at bay.’
      wrinkle, line, crease, crinkle, crow's foot, cleft, indentation, corrugation
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[with object]
  • 1Make a rut, groove, or trail in (the ground or the surface of something)

    ‘gorges furrowing the deep-sea floor’
    • ‘Another section crosses steep offset humps that show off the car's axle articulation, the mechanism that allows it to safely cross heavily furrowed terrain.’
    • ‘Mountain ranges furrow the land like ancient wrinkles.’
    • ‘They often furrow the areas around these piles with their horns, making the piles even more conspicuous.’
    • ‘That night he gave his bed to a mortally wounded staff officer, and tears furrowed his cheeks when he heard of the losses.’
    • ‘A resident of Brewery Gulch, the infamous canyon furrowing north from downtown, decided to spray a beehive wedged in an old brick warehouse.’
    • ‘The surface of the soft sandstone was furrowed by the stratification of numerous millennia.’
    • ‘It includes two cerebral hemispheres - parallel masses of deeply furrowed tissue - as well as the brainstem and cerebellum.’
    • ‘Tolonen, owner of Northwoods Harvesting, was the ‘cat skinner’ and started furrowing the mine dump from east to west.’
    • ‘Melnikov built many extraordinary buildings in Moscow in the twenties and early thirties, but it is to his own house that a path has been furrowed by a constant stream of visitors from all over the world.’
    • ‘Eighty per cent of the adobe houses, block after block along the pot-holed, furrowed roads, are now dust and rubble.’
    • ‘The thick bark is dark gray and deeply furrowed, breaking into distinct ridges.’
    • ‘Growing to a height of some thirty metres, the bark is distinctively ridged and furrowed and has characteristic large burrs or bosses.’
    • ‘The view was of a hilly allotment site with sheds and a railway station, and slimy, furrowed mud.’
    • ‘At the car park we took more notice of the surroundings which are astonishingly furrowed with mysterious earthworks.’
    • ‘Above, the sky was furrowed with threatening bands of gray, yet the sparrow rocked itself gently to sleep.’
    • ‘The birds spread across a rising slope of snow furrowed with ditches worn by thousands of penguin feet.’
    • ‘When I won the Open at Oakmont in 1962, only the greenside bunkers were furrowed, by heavy wooden rakes with the tines spread inches apart (at the 1927, 1935 and 1953 Opens at Oakmont, the fairway bunkers were furrowed as well).’
    • ‘On the dark landing of her dreams there is that ploughshare which furrows the floor of her house going from the sink to the bed where women and cats whelp to the great relief of the canary who announces births’
    • ‘To his dismay, the verges were furrowed with tyre marks and when he reached the field, it was full of dilapidated vans.’
    • ‘The bark of the tree is grey and often deeply furrowed on older trees, while the wood inside the trunk is yellow.’
    1. 1.1 (with reference to the forehead or face) mark or be marked with lines or wrinkles caused by frowning, anxiety, or concentration.
      with object ‘a look of concern furrowed his brow’
      no object ‘her brow furrowed’
      • ‘Then he frowned, his brow furrowed in confusion.’
      • ‘She slapped the reins against the flat of her palm, a slight frown furrowing her tanned brow.’
      • ‘She spun around to see Arthur striding towards her, his brow furrowed with concern.’
      • ‘‘Bam, bam, bam,’ he sings, knees flexing, brow furrowed in concentration.’
      • ‘Her glasses are on and her brow is furrowed in concentration.’
      • ‘A deep frown furrowed her brows as she openly stared at me, her eyes studying every square inch of my face.’
      • ‘Her small mouth was pushed down pessimistically at the ends, her brow furrowed with worry and lined with age.’
      • ‘‘Be careful of that stuff,’ he told me in his kindly way when the topic came up during one of our first conversations, a frown furrowing his brow.’
      • ‘She quieted abruptly and furrowed her brow in concern.’
      • ‘Mark's brow furrowed and he almost whispered ‘She had a stroke and fell into a comma.’’
      • ‘Under the bright glow from the fire, she could see him frown, his brow furrowed with concentration.’
      • ‘My brow furrowed in a frown as I searched quickly for an explanation, and suddenly it came to me.’
      • ‘‘I suppose I should provide you with some information,’ he said quietly as his brow furrowed into a deep frown.’
      • ‘My heart went out to her, and I furrowed my brow in concern.’
      • ‘He was leaning with one white hand against the windowsill, a frown furrowing his brow as he watched the sky fill with stars.’
      • ‘Trey frowned, furrowed his brows and observed the object of his affections.’
      • ‘I saw him sigh and my brows furrowed into a frown.’
      • ‘They all took the game seriously, arms flying back and forth between rod handles, brows furrowed in concentration.’
      • ‘I spoke up, frowning and furrowing my brow in confusion.’
      • ‘I stared closely at it, a frown furrowing my brow.’
      wrinkle, crease, line, crinkle, pucker, crumple, screw up, scrunch up, corrugate
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    2. 1.2 (with reference to the eyebrows) tighten or be tightened and lowered in anxiety, concentration, or disapproval, so wrinkling the forehead.
      no object ‘his brows furrowed in concentration’
      with object ‘she furrowed her brows, thinking hard’
      • ‘I furrowed my eyebrows and wrinkled my nose at him.’
      • ‘She continued muttering, eyebrows furrowed in concentration.’
      • ‘Her gaze turned back to the piano, and her perfectly arched eyebrows furrowed the teensiest bit in concentration.’
      • ‘His black brows furrowed, and he tightened his grip on my arm.’
      • ‘Her eyes were glued to some sort of chart on a clipboard, her eyebrows furrowed in concentration.’
      • ‘She furrowed her eyebrows and her lips tightened as she pulled me against her with one hand.’
      • ‘Jeena sat up and groaned, clutching her stomach, her eyebrows furrowed in concentration.’
      • ‘Rochester looked at me broodingly, his eyebrows furrowed and a look of anger rising across his features.’
      • ‘My eyebrows furrowed and my lower lip shot out into a thoughtful pout.’
      • ‘His eyebrows were furrowed in deep concentration as he read the articles.’
      • ‘His eyebrows furrowed in deep concentration as he took the two figures in his gaze.’
      • ‘I feel my eyebrows furrowing together as if I'm searching for something.’
      • ‘Her thin brows were furrowed with worry and thought as she clutched several brown packages to her chest.’
      • ‘She clutched at her chest, eyebrows furrowing in confusion and fear, then began to cough violently as the burning sensation slowly worsened.’
      • ‘He furrowed his eyebrows, trying to concentrate back on the Greek letters laid in front of his eyes.’
      • ‘Amanda tightened her lips and furrowed her eyebrow.’
      • ‘Her eyebrows furrowed in concentration as she hurried to write down what Janna quickly ordered.’
      • ‘Logan brought his cup up to his lips with a distant look in his eyes as he thought about the case; his eyebrows furrowing in question.’
      • ‘She is concerned and caring, her eyebrows are furrowed with slight worry - as if she's not sure I understand.’
      • ‘Leaning her forehead against the wooden door, she furrowed her eyebrows in frustration and fear.’
    3. 1.3 Use a plow to make a long narrow trench in (land or earth)
      ‘the tractors continuously furrowed the fields for several days’
      • ‘The Blue Party talk about encouraging wealth creation, but it is for the benefit of yon City folk, not for them as have to till the land and furrow the soil.’
      • ‘There we find the foundation of Mandela's first school, still carved in the furrowed soil, as welt as a rock he liked to slide down as a boy.’
      • ‘April is ploughing time for the Flemish farmers and the brown furrowed fields dominate the landscape.’
      • ‘The field was furrowed, ploughed, but nothing was growing, not at this time of year.’
      • ‘They scan the newly furrowed earth for tiny shoots of green and give a small sigh of relief when they find them.’
      • ‘Terrace is a small, geographical mini-site complete with furrowed fields and an adjacent mesa.’
      cultivate, till, work, harrow, ridge, break up, turn up
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Old English furh, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch voor and German Furche, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin porca ‘ridge between furrows’.