Definition of fundamentalism in English:



  • 1A form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.

    • ‘It is also ironic some sections of Protestant fundamentalism criticise the Catholic Church for having a pope.’
    • ‘Neither does it have any problem with Christian fundamentalism.’
    • ‘This bill is important, because so many times we hear speeches in this House based on moral outrage and fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Religious revivalism sometimes took the form of extreme literalism, often termed fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Twentieth-century fundamentalism has acted as a drag on secularizing tendencies.’
    • ‘Christian fundamentalism is not an aspect of Ashcroft's politics, it is the entire basis.’
    • ‘The main selling point for fundamentalism's Bible prophecies is to get insight into what is coming soon.’
    • ‘The values of capitalist America, and a good dose of Christian fundamentalism, pervade every aspect of school and town.’
    • ‘It seems the approach Webster took to telling the messages of the Bible was one of basic fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Then, for some reason, the subject changed to fundamentalism and the US Bible belt.’
    • ‘For that matter, which networks air programs on the virtues of Christian fundamentalism?’
    • ‘I think there is no school of Christian fundamentalism that remotely approximates to this level of dominance, or even aspires to it.’
    fanaticism, radicalism, zealotry, zeal, fundamentalism, dogmatism, bigotry, militancy, activism
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    1. 1.1 Strict adherence to the basic principles of any subject or discipline.
      ‘free-market fundamentalism’
      • ‘You can have religious fundamentalism certainly, but you can also have ethnic fundamentalism, or nationalist fundamentalisms of the sort we've seen in Bosnia and elsewhere.’
      • ‘Such dualism, which in effect consigns the Other to perdition, is in modernity often a characteristic of fundamentalisms, whether Jewish, Christian, or Islamic.’
      • ‘I mean this combination between three fundamentalisms, the security fundamentalism, religion fundamentalism, and market fundamentalism, and three of them are over-represented in the White House nowadays.’
      • ‘What importance might be attached to his views in general, as well as for science, in our present international clash of ideologies and fundamentalisms?’
      • ‘It is alive and well and thriving just about everywhere: there are religious, market, political, nationalistic, and ecological fundamentalisms.’
      • ‘Cricket has constructed national imaginations that undermine religious fundamentalisms.’
      • ‘By recognizing each other's narrative, Jews, Christians, and Muslims prevent the discourse of their respective fundamentalisms from becoming instruments of foreign policy, as is presently the case.’
      • ‘One reactionary response, seen in most major religions, has been to turn back in time to once-prevalent orthodoxies or fundamentalisms.’
      • ‘So we have on the one hand, as it were, fundamentalisms, if I can just paint a black-and-white picture for a moment, and we have on the other hand a kind of mindless relativism in which values evaporate.’
      • ‘Halliday is a harsh critic of Islamic and other religious fundamentalisms and, although he is much less detailed about this, right wing and racist forces in the West.’
      • ‘Islamic fundamentalism compared to other fundamentalisms - Christian and Orthodox Jewish shows that they all aspire to return women to the status they are said to have occupied in certain ancient nomadic Middle Eastern tribes.’
      • ‘For example, Marty is known for defining and explaining fundamentalisms in various religions. he also comments frequently on the relations between religion and culture.’
      • ‘There were also more nationalisms based on religious fundamentalisms that restricted women's roles as part of their doctrine.’
      • ‘This conception of ‘science’ is just as blindly dogmatic as the religious fundamentalisms against which its adherents would have us believe they are fighting.’
      • ‘Reasons for separating religion from government are provided and the dangers of fundamentalisms of all kinds are exposed.’
      • ‘Does this suggest any sort of parallel to the rise of religious fundamentalisms in Islam and Judaism?’
      • ‘Similarly, some religious fundamentalisms classify all non-believers (generally an ascribed rather than an achieved status) as devilish.’
      • ‘We see this both in the North and in the South, from ‘multiculturalism’ in the US and its emerging equivalents in Western Europe to the quite non-traditionalist religious fundamentalisms across the world.’
      • ‘In Iraq, the two unforgiving eye-for-an-eye fundamentalisms - American and Islamic, informed by the doctrine of blood sacrifice - confront one another in an arena of escalating violence.’
      • ‘Qua religions, all fundamentalisms are for them the same so that a passionate political stance is necessarily dogmatic, intolerant, irrationalist, prone to violence, anti-democratic.’