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- another term for elementary particle
- ‘Decades of research have shown that the Standard Model is hugely successful in describing microscopic phenomena involving fundamental particles, where gravity can be ignored.’
- ‘The first hard evidence of the existence of fundamental particles came in 1897, when English physicist Joseph Thomson discovered electrons within an atomic nucleus.’
- ‘However, like string theory, loop gravity is still a long way from making concrete predictions about the mass of fundamental particles and the strength of the different interactions between them.’
- ‘They want to know why the neutrinos seem to have masses so much smaller than those of other members of their class of fundamental particles, which includes electrons and their heavy cousins, muon and tau particles.’
- ‘The initial expansion resulted in a decrease in the density and temperature of matter and many of the fundamental particles, which were to later combine to form nuclei, existed as free entities.’
- ‘Laws of nature, such as the rules that govern the interactions of fundamental particles, show a high degree of symmetry except that some laws are not the same when reflected in a hypothetical mirror.’
- ‘I think it a beautifully simple idea that all things are made of different combinations of fundamental particles which, although exceedingly numerous, are drawn from a small, finite set.’
- ‘This means at some time far in the future, when all the possible reactions have taken place, all that will be left is heat (i.e electromagnetic radiation) and fundamental particles.’
- ‘Most theorists believe that the best approach is so-called M-theory, in which the fundamental particles are actually vibrations in tiny strings in a 11-dimensional space-time.’
- ‘A fundamental ingredient of such theories is the idea of supersymmetry, a relation between the types of fundamental particles associated with matter and those associated with forces such as gravity.’
- ‘Under any of those names this philosophy assumes that in the beginning were the fundamental particles that compose matter, energy and the impersonal laws of physics.’
- ‘It had all of the properties of a black hole singularity but from it ‘grew’ space time and matter was released into this space as the fundamental particles of very high energy.’
- ‘Ongoing theoretical research into a ‘theory of everything’, attempting to explain why fundamental particles and forces have the relative masses and strengths that they do.’
- ‘These fundamental particles arrange themselves in concentric shells in nuclei, much as the electrons are arranged in shells around the nucleus.’
- ‘According to naturalism, what is ultimately real is nature, which consists of the fundamental particles that make up what we call matter and energy, together with the natural laws that govern how those particles behave.’
- ‘The results in quantum field theory involving Feynman diagrams suggest unsuspected relationships among formulas associated with fundamental particles.’
- ‘The final ingredient of the Standard Model - the Higgs mechanism - describes how the fundamental particles obtain their masses.’
- ‘Bose wrote equations describing the behavior of photons under the laws of quantum mechanics; these equations were elaborated by Einstein to include fundamental particles and the atoms made of those particles.’
- ‘Some evidence suggests that the particle contains two pairs of more fundamental particles - quarks and antiquarks - bound together.’
- ‘Scientists expect that the new electron-positron collider will take particle physics into new areas, and will provide insights into the weird world of the fundamental particles.’
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