One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A crystalline acid, isomeric with maleic acid, present in fumitory and many other plants.
Alternative name: trans-butenedioic acid; chemical formula: HOOCCHCHCOOH
- ‘It has strong anti-carcinogenic properties and is rich in a number of complex phytochemicals including ergosterol, fumaric acid, aminoglucose and mannitol, coumarins, alkaloids, lactone and various enzymes.’
- ‘They were created in a laboratory with the help of adipic acid, disodium phospic and fumaric acid, and taste like it too.’
- ‘In the case of phthalazine complete proton transfer from one carboxy group of oxalic and fumaric acid to a nitrogen atom of the heterocycle, generating ionic interactions is observed.’
- ‘Three parts of fumaric acid are as sour as five parts of citric acid.’
- ‘Other systemic therapies include monoclonal antibodies, protein specifically targeting memory T cells, fumaric acid esters, novel retinoids, and macrolactams.’
- ‘On the other hand, the monoanion of fumaric acid is the stronger acid than the analog maleate ion.’
- ‘Chromatography of organic acids evidences the excreted fumaric acid, often associated with succinic acid and alphacetoglutaric acid.’
- ‘The present invention relates to a method of increasing the rate of solubility of fumaric acid in water, and especially in cold water, and products therefrom.’
- ‘To give food a light texture, and/or control its acidity/alkalinity, yeast, sodium bicarbonate, citric acid, fumaric acid, phosphoric acid, lactic acid, and tartrates may be added.’
Mid 19th century: fumaric from modern Latin Fumaria ‘fumitory’ + -ic.
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