Main definitions of fuller in US English:

: fuller1fuller2

fuller1

noun

  • A person who fulls cloth.

    • ‘This had been demonstrated before in the Marian persecution in the 1550s where many of the martyrs had occupations such as labourers, weavers, carpenters and fullers.’
    • ‘The charter created the town's first link with the textile industry as it allowed fullers - who cleansed and thickened cloth by washing and beating it - to ply their trade in Bolton.’
    • ‘Stale urine contains ammonia; in ancient Rome fullers used it in the cleaning and dyeing of clothes; in Britain it was known as lye and was the choice of poor housewives well into the nineteenth century.’
    • ‘Le Balle was also one of the places where fullers set up tenters used to stretch out cloth to dry.’

Origin

Old English fullere, from Latin fullo, of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

fuller

/ˈfʊlər//ˈfo͝olər/

Main definitions of fuller in US English:

: fuller1fuller2

fuller2

noun

  • 1A grooved or rounded tool on which iron is shaped.

    • ‘Once the billet was finished I forged a bar out of the billet, forged the shoulder, then the tip and edges, next the fuller was forged in with a fullering tool I built for this sword, lastly the tang was hammered in.’
    1. 1.1 A groove made by this, especially in a horseshoe.
      • ‘The object of the present invention is to provide an improved method of manufacturing a horseshoe with fullering using traditional smithing techniques whilst avoiding undesirable deformation.’

verb

[with object]
  • Stamp (iron) with a fuller.

    • ‘It should be noted the 1878 is fullered one one side only.’
    • ‘Using drawing, splitting, fullering, riveting and sinking techniques, we will produce ladles, forks, spoons and spatulas using iron, copper and brass.’
    • ‘The broad, fullered blade with a clipped-back point seen on the sword shown on the salt is quite impractical for hunting.’
    • ‘The idea of fullering is to lighten and strengthen the blade at the same time.’
    • ‘These stations have names such as fullering, blocking, edging, bending and cut off.’
    • ‘The following miscellaneous forging operations are briefly presented: coining, heading, piercing, hubbing, cogging, fullering and edging, roll forging, and skew rolling.’
    • ‘While the blade is substantial, it is fullered to provide balance and good handling characteristics.’
    • ‘‘The course covered forge welding, annealing, drawing out, fullering, upsetting, and most aspects of traditional blacksmithing.’’
    • ‘Heavy forged gate, with 20 mm square verticals, fullered spiked tops and circles captured by collars.’
    • ‘By the time he had show us drawing down, controlled bending, fullering, flatting in mild steel, I was the proud owner of a fire rake.’
    • ‘The body is stiff and flexible due to the tapering and fullering as well as the spring tempered martensitic body.’

Origin

Early 19th century (as a verb): of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

fuller

/ˈfʊlər//ˈfo͝olər/