Definition of fricative in English:

fricative

adjective

Phonetics
  • Denoting a type of consonant made by the friction of breath in a narrow opening, producing a turbulent air flow.

    • ‘The present work aims at demonstrating the feasibility of high quality articulatory synthesis for fricative consonants, and in particular to match a given reference subject.’
    • ‘The unvoiced fricative phonemes stem from the hissing of a steady airstream through the mouth.’

noun

Phonetics
  • A fricative consonant, e.g., f and th.

    • ‘We can note, for instance, the general avoidance of fricatives and affricates in pidgin phonological inventories.’
    • ‘But then, little by little, the words become only sounds, a random collection of glottals and fricatives, a storm of whirling phonemes.’
    • ‘Several other sounds originate in the back of the throat, often as a voiceless click rather than a voiced fricative.’
    • ‘The sounds that agree in voicing comprise stops, fricatives, and affricates.’
    • ‘It is relatively easy to learn to produce the fricatives corresponding to all the major places of articulation.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from modern Latin fricativus, from Latin fricare to rub.

Pronunciation:

fricative

/ˈfrikədiv/