Definition of freight in English:



  • 1Goods transported by truck, train, ship, or aircraft.

    • ‘Two freight trains collided this morning near Kankakee, Illinois.’
    • ‘It's thought that two freight trains collided, sparking a giant fireball that devastated the surrounding area.’
    • ‘51 and 52 on the Dawkins Subdivision were mixed trains, carrying both freight and passengers.’
    • ‘According to transport experts, one freight train carries the equivalent of 75 lorry loads, reducing road congestion and pollution levels.’
    • ‘After the metro was finally built one official plan from 1973 recommended that the trains also haul freight.’
    • ‘Camel trains also carried freight on the Mullan Road between Walla Walla, Washington, and Helena via the Coeur d' Alene Mountains and Hell Gate.’
    • ‘Trains all over the country, some carrying hazardous freight, were passing over cracked rails on a regular basis.’
    • ‘Passengers stopped travelling that line in 1970 and freight trains stopped using it in 1980.’
    • ‘From the 1840s, railways revolutionised the speed of communication and the transport of passengers and, more gradually, freight.’
    • ‘Ministers also believe that the Forth Rail Bridge may be being placed under too much strain because of increasing amounts of freight being carried by rail.’
    • ‘British Railways closed the ailing branch line to passenger traffic in December 1961 and the last freight train ran several months later.’
    • ‘Trains first transported only freight.’
    • ‘Many risk their lives to stow away on freight trains.’
    • ‘If, as we are led to believe, there is some benefit to be obtained by continuing to allow night flights, ought we to surmise from this that the offending aircraft are simply carrying freight?’
    • ‘Armed guards had for decades been placed on freight trains carrying easily stolen freight through populated areas, but thefts in transit continued.’
    • ‘The dispute affected interstate deliveries of both air and road freight.’
    • ‘The incident occurred when 51 freight trains began rolling without a conductor and picked up speed.’
    • ‘This decision will result in a large amount of heavy freight being carried by lorries on the already overcrowded roads.’
    • ‘Over the past 50 years, Indian Railways have increased the amount of freight they carry, fourfold.’
    • ‘Trucks heavily loaded with their freight often carry excess passengers on the tops of their loads.’
    cargo, load, haul, consignment, delivery, shipment
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The transport of goods by truck, train, ship, or aircraft.
      • ‘At the same time, some shipments may be transferred from air to ocean freight as customers accept longer journey times to save money, Emery's Noske said.’
      • ‘There will also be an examination of opportunities for traffic diversion including by rail, by pipeline, and the movement of freight to less congested ports outside Dublin.’
      • ‘This contract covers freight for inbound and outbound shipments but will primarily used for inbound shipments; it does not cover small package shipments.’
      • ‘By the following year, the route was sufficiently developed to attract freight, a strategic service objective of B&O operations.’
      • ‘What's more, local food doesn't have to travel very far so packaging, fuel consumption and air pollution from road freight are all kept to a minimum.’
      • ‘The limited use of the Sligo rail service for freight could see its viability called into question by the rail review.’
      transportation, transport, conveyance, freightage, carriage, carrying, portage, haulage, distribution, delivery
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A charge for transport by freight.
      • ‘In the opinion of the Emigration Board some deduction should be made from the payment of freight on that account.’
      • ‘When I queried the local supplier they said that their price was competitive because they had to pay taxes, freight, etc.’
      • ‘They'd far prefer to charge all customers full freight rather than start extensive discounting programs.’
      • ‘That translates into 2 million baht, then add in freight and import taxes.’
      • ‘Which means that even with taxes and freight halfway across the world, wine is relatively competitively priced.’
      • ‘Generally, our ornamental products are shipped unassembled to save freight.’
      • ‘Against this, realisations in the domestic market hover between Rs 2500-3000 per tonne, inclusive of excise, sales tax and freight.’
      • ‘Vegetable exports dropped considerably because of factors such as high freight as well as other overhead costs.’
      • ‘In this context, that issue will turn importantly on whether the hard copy version is sufficiently preferable to an electronic version to pay the freight.’
      • ‘A local private consortium including British Aerospace, bought the airport and freight provided its biggest income.’
      • ‘Once you take it, you can't leave it without paying the freight.’
      • ‘You responded by paying the freight and calling home to ask Mom and Dad for more cash.’
      • ‘But in case not, I paid full freight for the machine I described in this post.’
      • ‘All prices include freight paid in the continental U.S.A.’
  • 2A train of freight cars.

    ‘sugar and molasses moving by freight’
    • ‘One remained at the wreck to help with the rescue work, but the other fled, only to be hit by a train near Portage when he attempted to hop a freight.’
    • ‘They'll last indefinitely if they're used on the right spot on a freight.’
    • ‘Currently, the freight was crossing the border between Nirvan and Dalach, heading north.’
    • ‘A penniless Fred, still in striped pants, tailcoat, and spats, hops a freight for New York, with Pop in tow.’
    • ‘Magnus led him along the darkened wood corridor of the freight, stopping at a door with flickering yellowish light streaming out from beneath it.’
    • ‘Then an announcement that a freight had broken down and was blocking the approaches.’
  • 3A load or burden.

    • ‘Nevertheless, Kit's prosperity was burdened with the freight of vigilance.’
    • ‘This is a struggle about meaning when the very instruments we have for understanding, the words that must bear the freight, are imperfect because they are human words.’


  • 1 Transport (goods) in bulk by truck, train, ship, or aircraft.

    ‘the metals had been freighted from the city’
    [no object] ‘ships freighting to Dublin’
    • ‘There was also glass in the windows, and several loads of finished lumber had been freighted in from Dodge City.’
    • ‘Again, you'd expect that the most ‘important’ words in a document, in terms of identifying what it's about, would be the ones most individually freighted with meaning.’
    • ‘This material is freighted to Ghyari by truck and hauled up the ice on mule and donkey trains.’
    • ‘Russian rail authorities confirmed that in the first five months of this year, 3.6 million tons of crude oil had been freighted to China from eastern Siberia, an increase of 37 percent from last year.’
    • ‘The original Chinook was a sled dog Walden had used while freighting supplies for gold miners in the Yukon several years before.’
    • ‘But until the railroad came through Las Vegas and Moapa in 1905 the ore was freighted to Modena, Utah.’
    • ‘Yet, at the outbreak of the American Revolution English colonists owned more slaves than any of their European counterparts, and English merchants led the world in freighting African slaves to the Americas.’
    • ‘The contents, including pieces from Mrs Beeton's breakfast table and items from the Prince Regent's Grand Service, were packed, crated and freighted to London.’
    • ‘They went to Brussels because of concerns over predicted huge rises in the cost of freighting livestock.’
    • ‘I have had some correspondence with the superintendent of the canal about freighting stone to Philadelphia.’
    • ‘I'm aware that fuel can be freighted out of Perth for about two cents a litre by road.’
    transport, transport in bulk, convey, carry, ship, drive
    send, send off, dispatch
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1be freighted with Be laden or imbued with (something abstract)
      ‘each word was freighted with anger’
      • ‘But, as fleeting as Picasso's involvement had been, Gauguin's example was formative, perhaps because it was so freighted with cultural significance.’
      • ‘Tyler goes a long way toward describing why it is that children are freighted with all the dreams and ambitions of so many Americans.’
      • ‘How you knock on a door, says Mr Pullin, is freighted with meaning: there is a world of difference between tentative tapping and insistent hammering.’
      • ‘But my opinions on such matters are freighted with too much baggage to be taken seriously.’
      • ‘Roeg packs his film with foreboding cuts; pay attention, because everything seems intentional or freighted with meaning.’
      • ‘They are freighted with heavy symbolism, and have constituted part of the artistic vocabulary of visual artists for generations.’
      • ‘For Kerouac, the word ‘beat’ was freighted with meaning.’
      • ‘Yet few tourists, standing in its shadow on the Champ de Mars, scene of the first anniversary of the Revolution in 1790, may be aware that this site of memory is freighted with so much historical meaning.’
      • ‘It's not freighted with its own self-importance.’
      • ‘The commission's fact-finding, moreover, should be dispassionate; it should not be freighted with agendas that create incentives - wittingly or not - to maximize or minimize some contributory factors at the expense of others.’


Late Middle English (in the sense rental of a ship for transporting goods): from Middle Dutch, Middle Low German vrecht, variant of vracht ship's cargo Compare with fraught.