Definition of francolin in US English:



  • A large game bird resembling a partridge, with bare skin on the head or neck, found in Africa and southern Asia.

    Genus "Francolinus", family "Phasianidae": many species

    • ‘The largest such genus, which also has a very wide distribution around the world, is Francolinus, in which the best-known species, F. francolinus, may be known either as francolin or (especially in India) as black partridge.’
    • ‘The study deals with the habitat, reproduction characteristics and population dynamic, the socio-economic importance of the francolin hunt, the external morphological variability of francolins, the behaviour follow up of francolins raised in captivity and the nutritional value of francolin meat.’
    • ‘The picture of the male black francolin may actually be one of the 2 individuals I saw at Camp Victory last year.’
    • ‘Along with the common ringneck pheasant and chukar partridge, the rare ‘blue’ pheasant (listed as ‘green’ by the State Department of Fish and Game), black francolin, gray francolin, and both lace-necked and barred doves can be pursued.’
    • ‘Once the francolins have been cut up, put them into the broth in the pot, but they should first be cooked in a kettle.’
    • ‘Tawny eagles are abundant in East Africa and they feed on small mammals and gamebirds, such as francolins and guineafowl.’
    • ‘Many species like pheasants, partridges, francolins, quails etc have been hunted for food and game, thus resulting in great reduction in numbers.’
    • ‘Quail-like francolins are more closely related to Asiatic phasianids and partridge-like species are closer to Eurasian partridges.’
    • ‘Of the 51 species that occur, 36 are francolins from the genus Francolinus.’
    • ‘A plump, fast running bird which keeps to the undergrowth, the black francolin only flies when disturbed.’
    • ‘Phasianid galliforms are commonly known as grouse, turkeys, pheasants, partridges, francolins, and Old World quail.’
    • ‘At present there is a brown owl, white-faced owls and natal francolin in the room.’
    • ‘This variety of habitats also holds many rare plants and birds, such as the giant lobelia and the forest francolin.’
    • ‘This remote region holds several Albertine Rift endemic species such as Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher, Kivu Ground Thrush and Red-faced Woodland Warbler, along with a wealth of francolins, bee-eaters, honeyguides, sunbirds, robin-chats, akalats, and with luck the striking Ruwenzori Turaco.’
    • ‘There are herons, ducks, geese, ospreys, eagles, vultures, pelicans, gulls, plovers, avocets, storks, francolins, guinea fowls and many more.’


Mid 17th century: from French, from Italian francolino, of unknown origin.