Definition of fortification in English:

fortification

noun

  • 1A defensive wall or other reinforcement built to strengthen a place against attack.

    • ‘Mortars were originally developed for siege warfare to lob munitions over walls and other fortifications.’
    • ‘His fortifications at Bunker Hill set a standard of service for engineers that continues to this day.’
    • ‘Probably most agricultural societies in world history built defensive fortifications of wood.’
    • ‘There are also remains of old castles and medieval fortifications and magnificent examples of rural homesteads.’
    • ‘They scurried to plant batteries, dig trenches and strengthen their fortifications.’
    • ‘This timeframe would be used to bolster beach fortifications and supply depots.’
    • ‘In the early 920s Edward the Elder recovered the town, and built fortifications and a connecting bridge.’
    • ‘The fortifications surrounding the wall will be some 100 metres wide.’
    • ‘However, the very lack of distance had been identified by the Germans and they had built massive fortifications all around the area.’
    • ‘Although fixed fortifications can deter assault, they have one exploitable weakness: their immobility.’
    • ‘His fieldwork has spanned the millennia - from Stone Age remains in Scotland to Second World War fortifications.’
    • ‘It was built about 1370 as part of the fortifications on the east wall of the city.’
    • ‘Over the next few years, millions of tons of cement and steel were used to build defensive fortifications.’
    • ‘Improved protective designs for field fortifications and base camps have been developed for field forces.’
    • ‘It proved to be a Bronze Age culture, its economy well developed and prosperous but with no defensive fortifications to protect it.’
    • ‘He built and strengthened fortifications on the coast with a view to protecting the outer flank of the State from invasions from the sea.’
    • ‘Furthermore, illegal fortifications violate the DMZ virtually to the centerline.’
    • ‘He did so, promptly, blasting his way through any walls or fortifications he came across.’
    • ‘The wall is part of the castle fortifications and if the weather is warm enough to use the terrace you can hear the piper on the ramparts.’
    • ‘When I was a kid, high walled fortifications were virtually impenetrable to infantry or cavalry.’
    rampart, defensive wall, defences, bulwark, palisade, stockade, redoubt, earthwork, outwork, bastion, parapet, battlement, blockhouse, barricade, buttress, stronghold
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1The action of fortifying or process of being fortified.
      ‘the fortification of the frontiers’
      • ‘Nonetheless, the abundant forests of Russia and New Zealand had a greater impact on war and fortification than war and fortification had upon the forests.’
      • ‘Despite all of the attention currently focused on low-carb and fortification in the dairy sector, some consumers still want their milk and ice cream without all the nips and tucks.’
      • ‘In the past, nutrition programs for iron fortification and the ingestion of iron preparations have been widely practiced because of the seriousness of worldwide iron deficiency.’
      • ‘By providing increased firepower, it both made fortification more difficult, and undermined the power of cavalry.’
      • ‘The case for promoting fortification of foods with zinc in developing countries may seem strong, but experience of how best to do it is limited and it may not be a suitable approach in many countries.’
      • ‘However, she believes that challenges emerge when processors attempt to move beyond such basic fortification.’
      • ‘We battled for folic acid fortification - and we won!’
      • ‘Consequently, many army and navy officers urged improvements in U.S. armaments and urged a program of new coastal fortification.’
      • ‘In some measure, this attitude to fortification reflected the contemporary state of military engineering art in the West and Russia.’
      • ‘Because up to one half of pregnancies are unplanned and neural tube defects often occur before many women are aware that they are pregnant, food fortification is particularly important.’
      • ‘Such a position could solve the choice issue, but this strategy has not proved effective for fortification.’
      • ‘Not about to sit by idly as other categories steal their calcium franchise, dairy processors have turned to fortification to recapture share of stomach.’
      • ‘Where dietary and food processing conditions are favourable, fortification can be effective quickly and at low cost.’
      • ‘Burrington believes consumers have an interest in seeing fortification, in general, across the dairy sector.’
      • ‘Each category within the industry markets its items to one population segment or another, whether through flavor variety, nutritional fortification or manner of use.’
      • ‘The folic acid could be taken as tablets by high risk patients, and possibly supplied to the general public through food fortification or a combination of both.’
      • ‘Using survey data, ARS researchers examine diets as a factor in select diseases and help public policy officials make decisions about food safety and food fortification.’
      • ‘Current recommendations for general food fortification likely will benefit only older children and adults who consume sufficient quantities of these foods.’
      • ‘A much more realistic option is to start with soup, and if you need a little more fortification, slug some brandy into your coffee.’
      • ‘The fortification process simply restores the product to its original healthy profile.’

Origin

Late Middle English: via French from late Latin fortificatio(n-), from fortificare (see fortify).

Pronunciation:

fortification

/ˌfôrdəfəˈkāSH(ə)n/