Definition of foreland in US English:



  • 1An area of land bordering on another or lying in front of a particular feature.

    • ‘Bars, forelands, and spits are attractive spots for development because they offer easy access to the beach.’
    • ‘Our finds were not the first ‘warm artifacts’ to be harvested from the forelands of retreating Swiss glaciers.’
    • ‘Floodwater may contain higher carbon dioxide concentrations if the pH is sufficiently low, but both rice fields and river forelands are commonly submerged with water containing little carbon dioxide, e.g. in the range of 3-100 M.’
    • ‘There is a cliff top walk to the foreland along the path leading from the old inn near Countisbury.’
    • ‘The glacier foreland is 2 km long with a chronosequence of developmental stages from recently deglaciated terrain to sites which have been ice-free for 145 years at the terminal moraine dated 1858.’
    1. 1.1 A cape or promontory.
      • ‘Their fleets of ships fought and won battles from the coasts of Kerry to Mizen's wild foreland, to the Mull of Kintyre.’
      • ‘Not content to rest solely on forelands in nearby Ulster, all three were prepared to sell to customers throughout Ireland.’
    2. 1.2Geology A stable unyielding block of the earth's crust, against which compression produces a folded mountain range.
      • ‘Siliciclastic sequences within or close to the Laurentian foreland of the Appalachian-Caledonian Orogen preserve a clear depositional contact with basement that constrains their site of accumulation to Laurentia.’
      • ‘The early Carboniferous Northumberland Basin, NE England, is one of the northernmost basins that developed in the foreland of the Variscan orogenic belt.’
      • ‘Therefore, the Lewisian rocks from the Assynt terrane of the Caledonian foreland are an unlikely source for any of the sediment.’
      • ‘In light of the Euro-African collision being the primary cause of the compressive stresses in the Alpine foreland it is more natural and reasonable to imagine a continuous inversion process rather than one with distinct pulses.’
      • ‘The western limit of intense Caledonian deformation is defined by the Moine Thrust Zone, beyond which lies the Caledonian foreland.’