Definition of for in English:

for

preposition

  • 1In support of or in favor of (a person or policy)

    ‘they voted for independence in a referendum’
    • ‘It may be hackneyed to point out that people fought and died for the right to vote, but it's true all the same.’
    • ‘It is in their interests to argue for a policy of dialogue with so called rogue states.’
    • ‘Peter has now set up an online poll on his site, asking you to vote for your favourite.’
    • ‘Anyone who votes for them is betraying the memory of all those who fought and died fighting the Nazis.’
    • ‘The British public might vote for you but don't expect them to support you afterwards.’
    • ‘The suffragettes claimed their place in social history by fighting for women to get the vote.’
    • ‘But whether you were for or against the decision when it was made, I think it is largely irrelevant now.’
    • ‘Bravery is climbing over a trench and fighting for your country in a war.’
    • ‘So folks, if you agree with my policies, please vote for me at the next general election.’
    • ‘The report makes a strong case for more government funding.’
    • ‘The war is over and, no matter whether we were for it or against it, it is now time to move on.’
    • ‘At that time Swindon south Tories were against the development while the north Swindon Tories were for it.’
    • ‘Four were against the proposal, three were unwilling to say and 19 were for it.’
    • ‘It had no army capable of intervening in Europe and no politician arguing for such a policy.’
    • ‘This is a good idea and it enjoys the support of most of us who have fought for this country.’
    • ‘There is a very good case for knocking these flats down because it will cost more to repair them than to start building from scratch.’
    • ‘Readers were able to vote for their favourite and the tough decision came down to the judges.’
    • ‘However, within Scotland the Commission on Local Government and the Scottish Parliament has argued for an overall review of the system of local government finance.’
    • ‘At the time, young men were signing up in their droves to fight for their country.’
    • ‘On the website there is the chance to vote for the favourite place in Wiltshire.’
    on the side of, pro, for, all for, giving support to, giving backing to, right behind, encouraging of, approving of, sympathetic to
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  • 2Affecting, with regard to, or in respect of (someone or something)

    ‘she is responsible for the efficient running of their department’
    ‘the demand for money’
    • ‘The rise in pension costs will also affect earnings for a number of public companies.’
    • ‘Even if every household in town had only one car, there would still not be enough space for everyone.’
    • ‘I think we all made this movie out of deep respect and admiration for the original work.’
    • ‘The government suggested that the retirement age for women might have to rise to 65.’
    • ‘Anyone who has ever been down a pit returns to the surface with deep respect for those who make a career of mining.’
    • ‘It is not yet known whether employees will be paid for their work this month.’
    • ‘This is a very common problem and one that is most distressing for women of any age.’
    • ‘It was a success but due to a new demand for money, the WWF had to withdraw after one season.’
    • ‘The family said they now hoped the media would respect their wish for privacy to be left alone to grieve.’
    • ‘We knew there were problems at the car company but we did expect to be paid for the work we have done.’
    • ‘The weather forecast for today was scattered showers with clear spells and strong winds.’
    • ‘We have been trying to give them an idea of how devastating it is for the communities affected.’
    • ‘He had been treated for depression after a failed suicide attempt earlier in the year.’
    • ‘He also learnt a new respect for further education, and those who work in it.’
    • ‘I pick my battles and have enough respect for myself to know when it is time to walk away.’
    • ‘The Careers Advisory Service will be responsible for the administration of the project.’
    • ‘So we gave him a call, and luckily for us, he was available.’
    • ‘You can make a claim via an employment tribunal for compensation if you think this has happened.’
    • ‘He said he had no firm plans for his retirement and he was keeping his options open.’
    • ‘She had been missing from her home in since July 22 and her family was growing increasingly worried for her safety.’
    • ‘No date has yet been set for the employment tribunal hearing which is likely to be held in Leeds.’
    in honour of, as a tribute to, as a mark of respect to, the same as
    View synonyms
  • 3On behalf of or to the benefit of (someone or something)

    ‘these parents aren't speaking for everyone’
    • ‘I was on my way out to buy a present for my mother.’
    • ‘I talked to the superintendent about the incident, but he didn't indicate to me exactly what his opinion was, so I can't speak for him.’
    • ‘Are you holding an event to raise money for those affected by the tsunami disaster?’
    • ‘So there you are - a blog that is genuinely for anyone and everyone, but mainly for me.’
    • ‘They told the receptionist they had a letter for the ambassador and asked to see him.’
    • ‘She is also a noted children's author, who has written two dozen books for children.’
    • ‘It's always an honour to play for your country and to test yourself against some of the top teams in the world.’
    • ‘It is nice to see people giving some of their leisure time for the benefit of others.’
    • ‘Bedford believes what works about London is that there is something for everyone.’
    • ‘There were plenty of refreshments for everyone at the Coronation party.’
    • ‘One of the huge benefits for companies is the ability to make claims retrospectively.’
    • ‘We have a flexible benefits package for women and this is a woman-friendly company.’
    • ‘I forgot to tell you but there's a package for you downstairs in the front hall on the mail table.’
    • ‘Swindon went into Comic Relief overdrive as hundreds of people raised money for charity.’
    • ‘There is no pension scheme in operation for employees working less than twenty hours per week.’
    • ‘We can bring in the expertise and we can manage that for the customers' benefit.’
    • ‘If you love a particular design but don't like the colour, the firm will change it for you.’
    • ‘Obviously there's a business benefit for us in recycling as it cuts down the number of bags we use.’
    • ‘The mayor will hold a special celebration dinner for the club tomorrow night.’
    • ‘It is more than probable that the busy agent will employ a reader to do the job for her.’
    1. 3.1Employed by.
      ‘it was a good firm to work for’
      • ‘He has been working for the tyre-fitting firm since he left school.’
      • ‘They are workers who do work for the alleged discriminator, but they are not employed by him.’
      • ‘I was asked to do the programme the year before, but I was still working for the BBC then and couldn't do it.’
      • ‘Ms Tshabangu then went to work for a white farmer who had employed her mother.’
      • ‘I used to work for a company that developed and sold computer systems for smaller businesses.’
      • ‘Liubov worked as laundress and cook while Degaev worked for a while for a chemical firm.’
      • ‘The nationality of the hostages and the name of the firm they work for was last night unclear.’
      • ‘She is not very happy about it but she can't say too much because she works for the council.’
      • ‘You will be able to draw on your company scheme while working for the same firm.’
      • ‘He worked as a sales representative for an air conditioning company in Shrewsbury.’
      • ‘They had friends from the Asian community and had worked for an Asian employer in the past.’
  • 4Having (the thing mentioned) as a purpose or function.

    ‘she is searching for enlightenment’
    ‘the necessary tools for making a picture frame’
    • ‘It's the first time we have ever had a room inside the church that can be used for any community purpose.’
    • ‘We also want the Government to make it illegal to traffic a child for any purpose.’
    • ‘The police just give you a crime number for insurance purposes and this only puts up the premiums.’
    • ‘Have you ever used these fake papers to prove your identity for some purpose?’
    • ‘Ouch, what did you do that for?’
    • ‘Without question, the Internet and e-mail are essential tools for conducting business in a modern world.’
    • ‘The old doorman's room, which was not being used, was just right for the purpose, she said.’
    • ‘Some of these are young American adults who come to work in London for work placement purposes.’
    • ‘We have therefore stumbled on a method for calculating distances in any number of dimensions.’
    • ‘Later she asked if he could do a cartoon animated version of her, for publicity purposes.’
    • ‘Many Israelis who visit Poland for this purpose do not get to make the acquaintance of Poles.’
    • ‘This is the age of technology where a phone is no longer just a device for making and receiving calls.’
    • ‘It doesn't matter that you've gone out and bought this service for business purposes.’
    • ‘Although Suzanne and Inacio travel a lot for work, they make the most of their family time together.’
    • ‘Yet what if a member of one of these sites intended to use it for criminal purposes?’
    • ‘After lunch, Michelle and her uncle went for a walk in the park.’
    • ‘I arrived much too early, despite having stopped for a coffee on the way.’
    • ‘If there looks to be too much fat, pour some into a small bowl to use for another purpose.’
    • ‘This is fun, and can be a powerful tool for learning and exchanging information.’
    • ‘Hence the gardens get used for corporate functions from time to time, but that's it.’
    because, since, seeing that, seeing as, considering that, on account of the fact that, in view of the fact that, owing to the fact that
    View synonyms
  • 5Having (the thing mentioned) as a reason or cause.

    ‘Aileen is proud of her family for their support’
    ‘I could dance and sing for joy’
    • ‘I can't bear to walk past a broken bottle or can for fear that some child may one day step on it.’
    • ‘The teenager, who cannot be named for legal reasons, gave evidence to the court via video link.’
    • ‘Our mum didn't attend the inquest for such reasons, and is now deeply distressed.’
    • ‘It did not work for a variety of reasons, but the appointment was imaginative and innovative.’
    • ‘He believes one reason for not putting on weight is the calories he burns off through nervous energy.’
    • ‘They deserve our utmost respect and recognition for simply making the Olympic team.’
    • ‘We have to do this for moral reasons, and because our security depends on it.’
    • ‘Three other men were also jailed for their subordinate roles in the operation.’
    • ‘Women want to be respected for being women, and they want to be able to respect a man for being a man.’
    • ‘Arthur told me he was going to sue me for the way I represented him in the book.’
    • ‘The city is world famous for being home to some of the greatest rock bands.’
    • ‘She jumped up and down, shouting for joy.’
    • ‘In America, it is much harder for dissent to make such a breakthrough, for various reasons.’
    • ‘I'd like to take her somewhere in the US or Europe as a surprise for her birthday.’
    • ‘When the war ended, they were awarded the George Cross for bravery.’
    • ‘The girl, who cannot be named for legal reasons, has given a statement to Austrian police.’
    • ‘Travel is easy because so many people have stayed at home, and the office is quiet for just the same reason.’
    • ‘I'm particularly proud of her for maintaining her sense of humor despite some ongoing health problems.’
    • ‘I am grateful for all his help and advice over the years.’
    • ‘Now, the central African country is back in the spotlight for the right reasons.’
    cause, purpose, reason, aim, end, objective, object, goal, motive
    View synonyms
  • 6Having (the place mentioned) as a destination.

    ‘they are leaving for Swampscott tomorrow’
    • ‘The last train for Newbridge leaves Heuston at 10.45 pm, arriving at 11.20 pm.’
    • ‘When we initially left for Africa we headed for Namibia and we really didn't have a detailed plan of how or where we were going to set up the education centre.’
    • ‘The survivors, who are Spanish and Portuguese, are expected to leave for home today.’
    • ‘He made the comments before leaving for Tokyo to attend Saturday's meeting of finance ministers and central bankers.’
    • ‘He missed the following two Cup games but will leave with the team for Perth tomorrow.’
    • ‘As we left the stadium for the airport, bottles and bricks smacked against our coach.’
    • ‘She has written a screenplay, set in the Twenties, in which a woman and her boyfriend leave Britain for Africa to start a new life.’
  • 7Representing (the thing mentioned)

    ‘the “F” is for Fascinating’
    • ‘The initials C.P.R. stand for Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation.’
    • ‘The ‘T’ is for telecommunications.’
  • 8In place of or in exchange for (something)

    ‘swap these two bottles for that one’
    • ‘Bonded workers agree to sell their labour in exchange for a lump sum, perhaps to pay a big medical bill.’
    • ‘Has he struck a Faustian pact with the devil so he gets all the money in the world in exchange for his soul.’
    • ‘All he had time to do was to exchange his regimental kilt for a pair of shorts, the better to look younger.’
    • ‘I now eat one biscuit instead of a packetful, but the main thing is I have swapped high-fat foods for low-fat.’
    • ‘An early commission was from a student of mine, who gave me six bottles of wine for writing her a song.’
    • ‘If as dealer you do not like your hand you can exchange it for the spare hand.’
    • ‘He also learns that he agreed to the memory wipe in exchange for a huge sum of money.’
    • ‘Take a number and walk down a few stairs into the cafe and exchange the number for a red tray.’
    • ‘I wouldn't swap this job for anything.’
    • ‘Girls tie threads around their brothers wrists in exchange for protection and a small gift.’
    • ‘Others offered promises to build a cathedral in his honour in exchange for a donation.’
    • ‘There was no denying that this was an exchange, their cash for your compliance.’
    • ‘He then walked off to try to get help to exchange the coins for larger ones.’
    • ‘The food will help make up five-day meal packages handed out in exchange for a meal ticket.’
    • ‘In exchange for this, you also lose the chance of being able to benefit from a temporary fall in price.’
    • ‘He agreed to give evidence in return for a lighter sentence.’
    • ‘He then offers to write a story about the Air Force in exchange for being allowed a ride in a jet.’
    • ‘Can you change a twenty pound note for two tens?’
    • ‘In exchange for his liberation he worked hard on the great vessel as a deck hand.’
    1. 8.1Charged as (a price)
      ‘copies are available for only a buck’
      • ‘Limited tickets are available for $35 each.’
      • ‘The helping was not on the generous side but what do you expect for a fiver?’
      • ‘According to records, he bought the house in 1998 for $1.1 million.’
      • ‘Firms that do not complete and submit the online survey can purchase the report for $150.’
  • 9In relation to the expected norm of (something)

    ‘she was tall for her age’
    ‘warm weather for this time of year’
    • ‘Alban was sturdy and tall for his age with tawny locks reaching down to his shoulders.’
    • ‘This weather is certainly unseasonal for July, with the combination of strong winds, heavy rain and depressed temperatures making it feel more like November.’
    • ‘The water was surprisingly cold for the time of year.’
    • ‘Then the friend told me that he was told by many people that he looked unusually young for his age.’
    • ‘The risk of chromosomal abnormalities is very low for my age which is also a relief.’
    • ‘The number of cattle bones is said to be uniquely large for an Iron Age burial in Britain.’
    • ‘In fact I have eyes like a hawk for someone my age.’
  • 10Indicating the length of (a period of time)

    ‘he was in prison for 12 years’
    ‘I haven't seen him for some time’
    • ‘They are often employed on a casual basis with employment lasting for only a few days.’
    • ‘You can also cook it on the stove of course, at a low heat, for about the same length of time.’
    • ‘We do celebrate after matches but we can't get out of the ground because of the crowds, so we have to wait in the dressing rooms for ages.’
    • ‘It involves attendance at weekly two hour workshops for a period of seven weeks.’
    • ‘He told me that I would have to remain in the hospital for a few days to make sure there was no infection before I could go home.’
    • ‘The onus is put on the student's parents to get him or her to school for the period of time the student is suspended.’
    • ‘The maternity unit itself is expected to be closed for just over three months.’
    • ‘Her parents and relations fretted over her for days as she lay in bed, burning with fever.’
    • ‘It advised that the area be closed to new admissions straight away and it is expected to remain so for a couple of days.’
    • ‘Another teacher was employed to take the class for the remainder of the week.’
    • ‘I've known him for some time and he's very committed to reform.’
    • ‘A fleeing thief who jumped into the River Ouse in York while it was in flood has been jailed for six months.’
    • ‘A driver who caused a crash that seriously injured two people has been jailed for eight months.’
    • ‘She paid tribute to her tutors at Footsteps where she has trained for eight years.’
    • ‘The trial was swift and Billy found himself sentenced to prison for a term of ten years.’
    • ‘Having worked at the shop for 23 years, everyone at the store felt she had earned a break.’
    • ‘Students have been able to have water bottles on their desks for three years.’
    • ‘What finally pushed me to this decision was getting stuck in a tunnel on a congested train for a long period.’
    • ‘You may show some public sympathy and support him for a while, but in the end he has to go.’
    • ‘Do not stay out in the sun for lengthy periods without covering up and make sure you put on plenty of sun cream.’
  • 11Indicating the extent of (a distance)

    ‘he crawled for 300 yards’
    • ‘Head back now to the main track and follow it by your outward route for a few 100 yards to an open gate.’
    • ‘The Colorado Trail extends for almost 500 miles between Denver and Durango and thousands of people hike at least a portion of it each year.’
    • ‘She headed east on Highway 36 for a mile or so, then turned south on a gravel road.’
    • ‘I only used it for a few hundred yards, perilously close to a stretch of canal.’
    • ‘The dog has just run at full speed for 400 metres along the river bank scattering hundreds of rabbits.’
    • ‘On the way back to the hotel I got completely lost and walked for miles.’
    • ‘Follow the river upstream from the weir for about two hundred yards and you will come to a clearing.’
    • ‘This went on for about a 100 yards when he finally asked me to wait whilst he pulled over.’
  • 12Indicating an occasion in a series.

    ‘the camcorder failed for the third time’
    • ‘Ken Doherty was left to rue what might have been after losing for the third time in the final of this tournament.’
    • ‘She laughed and nodded, taking Paris' hand as she walked out of the office for the last time.’
    • ‘So for the third year running here's the low-down on Melas happening in your area.’
    • ‘Stay at Marlfield House just one night and you'll spend the next working out how to stay on for a third.’
    • ‘Painter and printmaker Kirsten Baron took part in the event for the third year running.’
    • ‘Plans for a crematorium in Radcliffe have been given the go-ahead for a third time.’
    • ‘Officials said that for the second time in a row, ticket sales had exceeded £1m.’
    • ‘She came back in October and set out to rearrange her wedding for a third time.’
    • ‘He crossed the Atlantic for the first time in 1932.’
    • ‘He won the Taiwan Open last week for the fourth time in a row.’
    • ‘I pulled out my favorite book, How to Kill a Mockingbird, and started to read it for the billionth time.’
    • ‘Brian, a Royal Marine home on leave in Blackburn, won the event for the third time.’
    • ‘In the end it was Chris Tarrant's show which took the award for the third year running.’
    • ‘You can do only so much bowling in the nets, and I just have to see if they are willing to take the risk for the third Test.’
    • ‘Accrington Stanley got back to the drawing board for the third time in as many games.’

conjunction

literary
  • Because; since.

    ‘he felt guilty, for he knew that he bore a share of responsibility for Fanny's death’
    • ‘He closed his eyes tightly and longed for death, for surely he would be dead sooner or later.’
    • ‘He smiled at this thought for he knew all too well that appearances were not always what they appeared to be.’
    • ‘I didn't know what my future held, but God did, for he brought us together only a few months later.’

Phrases

  • be for it

    • informal Be in imminent danger of punishment or other trouble.

      • ‘If you're not careful you'll have the matron in here and if she sees the state of this skirt I'm working on I'll be for it.’
      • ‘‘If Sheila finds out I'll be for it,’ said Jim looking worried.’
      • ‘We knew it would hurt; we knew we were for it in a big way.’
      • ‘Cook will be worried sick and Mrs Benson might very well have noticed my absence by now and I'll be for it when I get back.’
      • ‘God will get you in the end, the devil will not be able to save you from his fury, and then you will be for it.’
      be punished, be blamed, take the blame, pay, suffer, suffer the consequences, pay the price
      View synonyms
  • for all ——

    • In spite of ——

      ‘for all its clarity and style, the book is not easy reading’
      • ‘Could it be that Ms Rice, for all her brains, was simply a woman out of step with the times?’
      • ‘Even my wife, for all her fears of security crackdowns, is urging me to do it.’
      • ‘The actors, for all their pedigree, never seemed to find the right pitch.’
      • ‘The truth is, for all its apparent strength, the Party has worked itself into a position of profound and growing decay.’
      • ‘A dog, for all its admirable and unique qualities, is not a human being and is not treated in the law as such.’
  • for ever

  • for why

    • informal For what reason.

      ‘you're going to and I'll tell you for why’
      • ‘Not to be ungrateful, Nod, but I'd want to go into the centre of Warwick for why?’
      • ‘But the question remains: is it any good? Well, yes it is. And I'll tell you for why.’
      • ‘My wife has to be the important one in our house and I'll tell you for why.’
  • oh for ——

    • I long for ——

      ‘oh for a strong black coffee!’
      • ‘I mean hey, I have emails to type, a blog to fiddle with and friends to talk to, oh for a job with internet access!’
      • ‘Oh for a broadband connection.’
      • ‘Oh for more time!’
      • ‘Oh for a government that can make decisions and spend money wisely.’
      • ‘There is no electricity and running water on the island, oh for a shower!’
  • there's (or that's) —— for you

    • Used ironically to indicate a particularly poor example of (a quality mentioned)

      ‘there's gratitude for you’
      • ‘And the royal family: now there's a minority group for you.’
      • ‘If this all sounds fishy, then that's boxing for you.’
      • ‘They needed the stuff immediately and didn't want to invest the time and effort to purify things (by distillation, for example - there's another wonderful job for you.)’
      • ‘Of course he'd buy six cases of bargain dog food and walk right by coffee for a quarter a pound, but that's a guy for you.’
      • ‘Cunningham hasn't said a thing about that - there's gratitude for you.’

Origin

Old English, probably a reduction of a Germanic preposition meaning before (in place or time); related to German für, also to fore.

Pronunciation:

for

/fôr//fər/