Definition of fluency in English:



  • 1The quality or condition of being fluent, in particular.

    • ‘There was no fluency or rhythm as they struggled to catch the flow of the play.’
    • ‘Other problems of fluency may also characterize stuttering, including blocking of sounds or interjection of words or sounds.’
    • ‘NO, you don't need a full-time webmaster, a staff of IT personnel, an in-house server, and a fluency in JavaScript to make your mark in cyberspace.’
    • ‘I sensed that if his hands were manacled, it would destroy the fluency of his speech.’
    • ‘Somewhere in between, Pankaj had one opportunity but by then his natural fluency and rhythm had been shattered and his contribution terminated at 15.’
    • ‘Newcastle, though, edged the forward battle, where Scotland lock Stuart Grimes was to the fore, and it was their all-round fluency, prompted intelligently by Walder, which built the win.’
    • ‘But fluency and cohesion are qualities that take time to develop and a clutch of new recruits, drafted in almost at one go, are unlikely to hit it off straight away.’
    • ‘It is credible that dyslexia is especially connected to reading fluency, which is the most vulnerable domain of reading in regular orthographies.’
    • ‘The ease and fluency resides, as it were outside him, in the pre-formulated efficiency of the machinery of expression.’
    • ‘The five artists played this splendid score with precision, marvelously pure intonation, and an idiomatic fluency that alternately charmed and astounded!’
    • ‘As such, they carry out the versatility of their roles, demonstrating musical eloquence and theatrical fluency.’
    • ‘But even in the youthful verses there is a technical fluency and a consistency of tone which is to be a permanent characteristic of all his work.’
    • ‘Thus far this has been every bit as entertaining as I'd feared - no quality, no fluency.’
    • ‘In Renaissance Italy, he became a student of Titian in Venice, liberating himself from the conventions of icon painting and developing a new fluency with brush and color.’
    • ‘There's a new urgency and a thematic concentration to the poems, and the syntax is often sustained with a great fluency over long periods.’
    • ‘He's reaching an amazing level in his work, with a sustained fluency and engagement over a daunting number of complex projects, almost all at once.’
    • ‘Moreover, they are helped to acquire a high level of rhythmic fluency, flexibility and precision, qualities that constitute the basis of any solid piano technique.’
    • ‘Most people seem to have a natural fluency in thinking about beliefs, and this fluency helps to overcome the logical demands of a problem about the contents of another mind.’
    • ‘Vast arrays of characters are played with fluency, creating extremely funny, but poignant, moments with an economy of style that keeps things clear and simple.’
    • ‘Assessment was based on instrumental fluency, musical syntax, creativity and overall musical quality.’
    fluidity, flow, smoothness, effortlessness, ease, naturalness
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    1. 1.1The ability to speak or write a foreign language easily and accurately.
      ‘fluency in Spanish is essential’
      • ‘Perhaps it's an artistic ability or language fluency.’
      • ‘Compared with their peers, diviners excel in insight, imagination, fluency in language, and knowledge of cultural traditions.’
      • ‘He was unusual in his ability to speak Czech with some fluency; he would not accept with his father's readiness the pragmatic cultural compromises adopted by so many among Prague's Jewish community.’
      • ‘Their definitions are compatible with the Steiner curriculum: the teaching of emotional intelligence; lateral, creative thinking, and fluency in foreign languages.’
      • ‘She astounded me with her intelligence, her fluency in many foreign languages, and her fantastic chess skill.’
      • ‘Often each also has his own style of handwriting, announced gender, cultural and racial background, artistic talents, foreign language fluency, and IQ.’
      • ‘Technical competence in medicine requires fluency in clinical language.’
      • ‘Verhoeven identified the effect of the first language on the second language in literacy, vocabulary, and language fluency, but not in morphology and syntax.’
      • ‘By the way, I'm simplifying here by classing written and spoken fluency as the same thing.’
      • ‘By second grade, the goal is that most students have developed sufficient fluency in both languages to understand directions and subject-area instruction in either language.’
      • ‘They helped and taught one another how to make pop-ups, increased fluency in their specific foreign language, and asked one another questions about color, design and layout.’
      • ‘They both used the phrase ‘uniquely human’ to describe certain cognitive abilities, such as language fluency and representational thought.’
      • ‘In this article, it will be argued that the proceduralization of linguistic knowledge is the most important factor in the development of fluency in advanced second language learners.’
      • ‘Country schools, whose pupils were needed to work the land and whose instructors were not always professionally certified, generally offered training in basic skills rather than fluency in written language.’
      • ‘Dos Santos is young, intelligent, highly qualified and speaks several languages with impeccable fluency.’
      • ‘This point is important because we cannot assume that a single psychologically constructed test will accurately describe language fluency.’
      • ‘Beginning readers of an alphabetic language achieve fluency and skill as they develop an understanding of the sound-letter patterns within their writing system.’
      • ‘‘Language fluency and communication form the rock foundation of the general skills,’ said Mr. Pallath.’
      • ‘His fluency with languages was noted, being able to speak English and French as well as his native German, and after two months he was given the option to join a UN peace-keeping force in Cyprus.’
      • ‘That's because every person's typing style is the product of individual characteristics including finger length, dexterity, motor skills, and language fluency.’
      articulacy, facility, ability to speak or write … easily and accurately
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    2. 1.2The ability to express oneself easily and articulately.
      • ‘He possessed an artist's intuition and a fluency with articulate meanings.’
      • ‘He found music students lacking in fluency and expressiveness.’
      • ‘This means you are highly intelligent and have the natural fluency of a writer and the visual and spatial strengths of an artist.’
      • ‘Intelligence and verbal fluency are not necessarily linked, as listening to 30 minutes of commercial radio will attest.’
      • ‘He, of course, noted her paralysis, but also noted an impairment in naming things and in verbal fluency, difficulties in expressing herself, in reading a paragraph and slowness in learning.’
      • ‘Her technique was characterized by a huge jump, lyrical fluency, and a classical purity of style.’
      • ‘Don Eckelberry was a rare individual who possessed wide-ranging fluency of expression in his conversation, his writing, and in his painting.’
      • ‘With some professional help and regular self-therapy, he was able to develop fluency in most speech situations.’
      • ‘He was one of those rare writers who could express himself verbally with a fluency that equalled his literary ability.’
      • ‘Even the US Supreme Court, unrenowned for its fluency in articulating harms, has recognized that fact.’
      • ‘They eagerly turned to literature printed in the East to acquire fluency in the expressive, if nonverbal, rhetoric made possible by this new sensibility.’
      • ‘He covers issues like drug abuse and self-harm with considerable fluency and character and when he's not tackling world issues, sloppy commercial hip hop receives a shrewd and poetic put down.’
      • ‘In addition, as a U.S. Army veteran of the Persian Gulf War, the author brings to the analysis a fluency on strategic issues that military readers are certain to appreciate.’
      • ‘She wore Indian dresses and spoke Urdu and Persian with fluency and French and English with a poor flow.’
      • ‘The cursing continued for some time, barely audible, and showing a fluency that even more jaded Institute graduates would have been shocked at.’
      • ‘The women danced to declare their fluency of expression and the knowledge it implied, and they did so unencumbered by the kin group duties that attended such displays.’
      • ‘We conclude that the quantitative and qualitative evidence supports the contention that increases in fluency are attributable mainly to increases in the degree of proceduralization of knowledge.’
      • ‘In Britain, because of the historical importance of parliament, we place a higher value on verbal fluency in our national leaders.’
      • ‘The grownups just laughed and commented on our intelligence and fluency.’
      • ‘But then in his post-victory remarks, the candidate went on and on and on, boringly, without the lift and eloquence and fluency of even his opponent.’
      eloquence, articulacy, articulateness, expressiveness, communicativeness, coherence, cogency, intelligibility, comprehensibility, lucidity, vividness, persuasiveness, glibness, volubility
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    3. 1.3Gracefulness and ease of movement or style.
      ‘the horse was jumping with breathtaking fluency’
      • ‘In cold but bright conditions, both sides struggled to find any fluency.’
      • ‘And here was Celtic finding early-season fluency with impressive ease.’
      • ‘The extra inches, or the pounds of fat can change you from a reliable, taut little performer into a gangly, clumsy lump who loses all sense of fluency and movement.’
      • ‘The music he wrote for the Catholic monarchs Henry VIII and Mary has a fluency to it which suggests a mind fully at ease with its circumstances.’
      • ‘The class I took at Equinox in Pasadena, California, reawakened my appreciation of the fluency of movement that sets ballet dancers apart from other athletes.’
      • ‘He writes here, as usual, with grace, energy, and fluency.’
      • ‘This is a charmingly imaginative and atmospheric book, written with an easy grace and fluency.’
      • ‘They are dealing with a footballer whose physical attributes, swift fluency of movement and richness of technique equip him to be the most accomplished centre-back in the game.’
      • ‘Forsythe's fluency of movement is revealed as he attempts to sever the control that the mind places over the body and dissolves into pure movement.’
      • ‘At our best, we can construct word-maps dense with correspondences of breathtaking elegance and fluency.’
      • ‘Not all Mamas' works necessarily demonstrate this effortless fluency with his chosen medium.’
      • ‘The improved fluency allowed the Hockeyroos to find their attacking rhythm, with three of the five goals the result of well-executed and creative play.’
      • ‘Michael Barber manages to include such information without ever causing congestion in the fluency of his style.’
      • ‘His playing has a wonderful fluency and easy style; the phrasing seems utterly instinctive, and there's not a moment when he seems to be making expressive effects for their own sake.’
      • ‘She discerned the grander design beyond the individual elements, marrying astounding difficulty with fluency and grace.’
      • ‘For the discerning traveller, it offers an insight into Kerala's unique features and characteristic identity through the dazzling fluency of the brush of Maqbool Fida Husain.’
      • ‘Usually, ‘translationese’ is a term of opprobrium, applied (often rightly) to translations which fail to achieve fluency or elegance.’
      • ‘It seemed that Dunfermline sensed this and while their opponents struggled for fluency and found themselves running down blind alleys, they regularly glimpsed the Celtic goal.’
      • ‘Walsh, though, preferred to stalk his rival down the railway fences along the back straight, where rhythm and fluency are the key to preserving precious energy for the stamina-sapping uphill finish.’
      • ‘Laois never moved with the same fluency or style as when they powered to the Leinster title in 2003.’


Early 17th century: from Latin fluentia, from fluere to flow.