Definition of fjord in US English:


(also fiord)


  • A long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs, as in Norway and Iceland, typically formed by submergence of a glaciated valley.

    • ‘The first part of the trip explores the coast, a region of emerald rain forests, deep fjords, rich sealife, and tidewater glaciers that crumble into icy seas.’
    • ‘Glaciers from this great mass of ice extend through mountain valleys and ravines to reach coastline fjords at many points.’
    • ‘We will apply Eskimo lotions culled from the gall bladders of unpronounceable fish that live in the deep fjords off Norway and go on weekend nature trips to the volcanic pools of Iceland.’
    • ‘The area is made up of 14 long, narrow and incredibly deep fjords formed by massive glaciers thousands of years ago.’
    • ‘The shore is a ragged line of cliffs and deep fjords.’
    • ‘Shore trips aboard inflatables will provide a closeup view of fjords and cliffs with abundant sea life, penguins, birds and dramatic cliffs.’
    • ‘These bays have been compared to the fjords of Norway.’
    • ‘The coastline is long, with fjords cutting deep into the land.’
    • ‘In the former case a tactical operation may defend submarines deployed deep inside bays, fiords or inner seas.’
    • ‘Surrounded by mountains, the ancient city of Bergen is described as the gateway to Norway's fjords.’
    • ‘From a map you might think the place was swarming with fjords, but a real fjord is a deep U-shaped glacial valley that has become flooded.’
    • ‘Every corner turned reveals an amazing vista of high cliffs, waterfalls and inland lochs or fjords.’
    • ‘Stephens explores the hidden valleys, fjords and ice caps, often spending time with the native Inuit people - and all the time taking photos.’
    • ‘Inspired by the success of Danish trout farmers, salmon cultivators found Norway's sheltered fjords ideal for farming salmon in ocean net pens.’
    • ‘This is a huge advantage of fishing the Baltic: there are so many bays and inlets and fjords that many, many of them have never seen an angler in recent history.’
    • ‘This strait abounds with fjords, islands and estuaries.’
    • ‘Moving glaciers, deep fjords, and large lakes are characteristic of South Island.’
    • ‘If you look at a map of the west coast of Norway, the first thing you'll notice is the thousands of inlets, fjords and islands.’
    • ‘Here is where one finds the wettest weather, tallest trees, and deepest fjords in the country.’
    • ‘Most deglaciated areas are ice-free all year, although glaciated fjords are at least partially covered with glacial ice most of the year.’
    hollow, depression, dent, dint, cavity, concavity, dip, pit, trough, crater
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Late 17th century: Norwegian, from Old Norse fjǫrthr. Compare with firth.