Definition of fission in English:

fission

noun

  • 1The action of dividing or splitting something into two or more parts.

    ‘the party dissolved into fission and acrimony’
    • ‘During fission, a nucleus splits into two nuclei of less mass with greater stability.’
    • ‘The fission process itself provides a mechanism for creating a so-called ‘chain reaction.’’
    • ‘This process of fission may then spread beyond the borders of the state itself, as refugee populations flee across the border, and as insurgent groups use frontier zones for their base camps.’
    • ‘These internal fissions, he surmised, explained the low voter turnout in traditionally Republican areas of the state.’
    • ‘The ecclesiastical fission has led to some tiny island villages being split religiously among as many as five different bodies.’
    • ‘In either case, she is no longer with him, another fission in this song of mournful departures.’
    • ‘As already noted in the context of the collapse of communism, this challenge to the map has taken the form both of fission and fusion.’
    • ‘In the current wave, processes of fission and disintegration predominate.’
    • ‘Because tribes are so segmental and undifferentiated, their constituent parts - e.g., families, lineages, clans - tend to oscillate between fusion and fission.’
    • ‘However, conflicts among households of the same lineage would periodically erupt and often lead to further fissions within the lineage.’
    • ‘They also suggest that the area's history of fusion and fission present a microcosm of the ethnic and political tensions of the Nigerian nation since independence.’
    • ‘The bigger religions all experienced fissions serious enough to redivide the larger communities that they created.’
    • ‘There are many great ideas for both fission and fusion.’
    • ‘This has exposed deep fissions within the legal fraternity.’
    • ‘The history of human beings is not one of separate and permanent cultures, but one of continual migration, amalgamation, fission and disintegration.’
    • ‘We hope that further experimental studies will reveal fission and fusion promotion processes in real systems.’
    • ‘Several of these new departments have been reorganised on a number of occasions to accommodate shifting trends in policy, through what might be referred to as a process of fission and fusion.’
    splitting, parting, division, dividing, cleaving, rupture, breaking, severance, separation, disjuncture
    scission
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1
      short for nuclear fission
      • ‘It produces no fission radioactive by-products or fallout of serious concern.’
      • ‘Uranium fission plants in the US are presently supplying less than 8% of our total energy demand.’
      • ‘These fission products are not found in natural background radiation, but are exclusively byproducts of nuclear weapons explosions and nuclear reactor operations.’
      • ‘Because fission releases additional neutrons, a chain reaction can take place.’
      • ‘In most cases, the purpose of a nuclear reactor is to capture the energy released from fission reactions and put it to some useful service.’
    2. 1.2Biology
      Reproduction by means of a cell or organism dividing into two or more new cells or organisms.
      ‘bacteria divide by transverse binary fission’
      • ‘We considered a model in which the proliferating cells divide by binary fission.’
      • ‘Apparently, this creature reproduces by binary fission, a process common to the single cell creatures of earth.’
      • ‘Amoebas are single-celled water creatures that multiply by fission: an amoeba will split down the middle to become two amoebas.’
      • ‘Bacteria divide symmetrically during normal growth and have a central constriction to bring about binary fission of the cell.’
      • ‘Primarily they reproduce asexually, which they accomplish by binary fission, or simple cell division.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • (chiefly of atoms) undergo fission.

    ‘these heavy nuclei can also fission’
    • ‘Of this, it is estimated that only about 2% actually fissioned.’
    • ‘Uranium 235 is the isotope that fissions, but it is an extremely small part of natural uranium; only 7 atoms in 1, 000.’
    • ‘One of the differences between U235 and its common relative U238 is that U235 fissions very easily.’
    • ‘Most of the transuranium elements have isotopes that disintegrate by fissioning in addition to emitting alpha particles.’
    • ‘We will assume that once a seed has fissioned once, it continues to fission or effectively double in a time t 2, which is independent of the above distribution.’

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin fissio(n-), from findere to split.

Pronunciation:

fission

/ˈfiSHən/