Definition of fiscal in English:



  • 1Relating to government revenue, especially taxes.

    ‘monetary and fiscal policy’
    • ‘This year, thanks to rising revenues and wise fiscal policy, the deficit was $108 billion less than expected.’
    • ‘It must also continue to adopt monetary and fiscal policies for solving economic problems.’
    • ‘The upgrade reflects the country's bright economic prospects and prudent fiscal policies.’
    • ‘Persistent revenue shortfalls and growing fiscal pressures create the need to seek and find alternative measures of meeting the demands on the public budget.’
    • ‘The government has a fiscal revenue projection of a billion dollars.’
    • ‘But it is precisely because Britain must be globally competitive that we need to maintain control of our currency, monetary policy and fiscal policy.’
    • ‘Its causes may have little to do with monetary or fiscal policy being too tight.’
    • ‘In the 1980s the hike was caused by our domestic policies, as both monetary and fiscal policy pushed up the exchange rate.’
    • ‘A recent study by the US General Accounting Office tells us that in 1949, 47 per cent of all fiscal revenues were collected from corporations.’
    • ‘With weak economic growth squeezing fiscal revenues, he was forced to announce a sharp increase in public borrowing in November.’
    • ‘This has resulted in lower government revenue and a larger fiscal deficit.’
    • ‘A lot would depend on U.S. policy, not just monetary but fiscal policy.’
    • ‘The problem is that there are two major levers on the economy: monetary policy, to do with the money supply, and fiscal policy, to do with how much the government spends.’
    • ‘So if the UK reacts differently to changes in the world economy from the rest of the eurozone, the only lever left to stabilise the economy is fiscal policy.’
    • ‘Revenue and fiscal deficits were projected at 2.9 and 4.4 per cent for 2004-05.’
    • ‘Controlling both expenditures and revenues is fiscal prudence, something you promised.’
    • ‘At the same time, Beijing has also lost flexibility in pursuing fiscal policy due to its loss of revenues from provincial authorities.’
    • ‘Governments which pursue monetary and fiscal policies which are not seen to be sustainable in the long-term are punished hard these days - and much more rapidly than 30 or 40 years ago.’
    • ‘The rating reflects the Government's record of prudent economic and fiscal policies in the face of substantial structural challenges.’
    • ‘Economic instability is caused by poor monetary and fiscal policies of a country.’
    tax, budgetary, revenue
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1North American Relating to financial matters.
      ‘the domestic fiscal crisis’
      • ‘That's an impossibility given the state's fiscal crisis.’
      • ‘There is so much emphasis today on budgeting, investments, fiscal and financial matters, both public and private.’
      • ‘Secondly, if you look at his record, it has been very good on fiscal matters.’
      • ‘It also recognizes ‘the rights of the Catholic Church in economic, legal and fiscal matters.’’
      • ‘That combination - a cyclical economy and high fixed costs - virtually guarantees a fiscal crisis during an economic slowdown.’
      • ‘Our finance people, for example, are expert in fiscal matters, but we tend to forget that it takes more than a bottom line to make the bottom line.’
      • ‘The state budget fell for the first time since the fiscal crises of the 1970s.’
      • ‘In the past, it was unheard of to discuss fiscal matters pertaining to security wings.’
      • ‘This crowd literally doesn't have a clue when it comes to fiscal matters.’
      • ‘I believe in equality of opportunity, not just for fiscal matters but for matters of the heart.’
      • ‘He cannot be extradited to Britain because of an Anglo-Irish agreement that rules suspects in fiscal matters are not subject to extradition.’
      • ‘So the strong fiscal and monetary stimulus is a positive for gold investors.’
      • ‘He then listed the consequences of failing to address ‘the looming fiscal crisis in Social Security.’’
      • ‘He will meet with students, educators and administrators during the month of November to discuss fiscal matters.’
      • ‘And this is so even though two of the founding members, France and Germany, have frequently themselves been in breach of the rules, particularly in fiscal matters.’
      financial, monetary, pecuniary, budgetary, commercial, trade, mercantile
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2North American Used to denote a fiscal year.
      ‘the budget deficit for fiscal 1996’
      • ‘India crossed the 100-million telephone subscribers-mark in the current fiscal 2005-06 in May.’
      • ‘The cuts will come on top of a tough fiscal 2005 budget that held government programs outside of homeland security and defense to an average 1 percent increase.’
      • ‘It closed fiscal 2002 with enough cash per share to cover 82% of its stock price.’
      • ‘According to the company, Q3 and Q4 are scene-setters for a barnstorming fiscal 2003.’


  • A legal or treasury official in some countries.

    • ‘As early as 1711, an Oberfiscal was appointed aided by a staff of fiscals who had to be secret appointments as they had the task of checking the honesty and integrity of government officials.’


Mid 16th century: from French, or from Latin fiscalis, from fiscus ‘purse, treasury’ (see fisc).