Definition of field in English:



  • 1An area of open land, especially one planted with crops or pasture, typically bounded by hedges or fences.

    ‘a wheat field’
    ‘a field of corn’
    • ‘Much of the land was intensely cultivated, a dry quiltwork of barley fields and hayfields and pastures shorn down to the dirt by goats and sheep.’
    • ‘The main reasons for its decline are the clearance of heaths, drainage of winter-wet grasslands, loss of pastures to arable fields, and decline of grazing on commons.’
    • ‘Roads will be removed or tunnelled and ploughed fields returned to open grassland.’
    • ‘To help their recovery, and that of birds and insects, farmers are now being encouraged to sow margins of native plants, including wild flowers, around fields alongside arable crops.’
    • ‘The country side was woods/swamps for the most part with open farm fields of wheat and corn, that was about three feet high.’
    • ‘In fact it sits in the middle of a plain - open fields upon open fields of barley and wheat span out ahead and behind it in the almost flat Midlands landscape.’
    • ‘In the aisles between the vines as well as in fallow fields, growers plant different crops to crowd out weeds, repel bugs, and provide soil nutrients.’
    • ‘It is amazing how fast the fields planted to crops have been turning green.’
    • ‘The great expanses of the open fields were replaced by hedges, fences, and, in upland areas, dry stone walling.’
    • ‘Wheat fields are harrowed before the crop emerges to get the first flush of weeds.’
    • ‘Its second-growth oaks, hickories, and sugar maples tower over the open pastures and fields of the lower slope and bottomland.’
    • ‘They cleared forests to encourage grass for particular animals, to open fields for crops, and to increase growth of particular plants.’
    • ‘Our search continues for new, safe, and powerful ways to disinfest fields where these crops are planted.’
    • ‘The leaf bits were drying up and falling apart, having been taken off fresh corn plants in Georgia fields several days before.’
    • ‘As she walked past pastures and small fields of crops she could not bring herself to imagine her own life coming to that.’
    • ‘Whatever the dangers of open fields and common pastures, enclosure movements are premature.’
    • ‘The farther west we flew, the more I saw some strange sights, those being great, circular fields of green crops located next to desert sands.’
    • ‘Pasture fields were soil tested each year, and inventories were completed in the spring and summer for forage species, weeds, and bare ground percentage.’
    • ‘The project will reforest old crop fields and pastures and an abandoned rock quarry that has degraded over the years.’
    • ‘Our hay and pasture fields are really thriving, and the earthworm population is amazing.’
    meadow, pasture, paddock, green, pen, grassland, pastureland, sward
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A piece of land used for a particular purpose, especially an area marked out for a game or sport.
      ‘a football field’
      • ‘However this proved to be in vain when some quick thinking at a tap penalty saw Dodworth go nearly the full length of the field to tie the game.’
      • ‘So that game in 1986 was the first time we were on the same field in a competitive game.’
      • ‘The sports centre subsidises things like playing fields and football fields.’
      • ‘He sees it in all aspects of life, from sports fields to football clubs.’
      • ‘There is no doubt that being a spectator is far more stressful than to actually be involved in the game on the field.’
      • ‘One sports talk show after another was lined up in front of the dugouts, taking live shots of the field before the big game.’
      • ‘So you don't see all the best players of the game on the field at the same time.’
      • ‘Both keepers were the busiest players on the field in an end-to-end game with Bingley opening the scoring in the tenth minute.’
      • ‘As a follower of the game it will be a joy to watch Kavanagh playing on Gaelic football fields for many more years to come.’
      • ‘He said his proposal would involve a single-storey school, which could offer facilities for community activities, including a swimming pool, a hall, a gym and sports fields.’
      • ‘Usftl games are typically played on Sunday mornings on regulation football fields with 12-minute quarters.’
      • ‘He has, without doubt, one of the more dangerous players on the field in Game Two.’
      • ‘Mercy, but they are going to have fun on the football field at Honolulu, and possibly the nearest race track.’
      • ‘I don't want to see injuries happen to anyone on the football field, but they are a part of the game.’
      • ‘Think of it like the computer game Minesweeper, except on a football field.’
      • ‘Back in those days they wouldn't have taken the camera away from the field while the game was being played.’
      • ‘Well, no matter how they look on paper, you gotta play the games on the field.’
      • ‘He fires off the ball, disrupts the backfield and makes plays all over the football field.’
      • ‘But his presence led to an unprecedented incident on the field in the Seagulls-Apollon game.’
      • ‘It's this talent, he argues, that has enabled them to maximise the potential playing area of a football field.’
      pitch, ground, sports field, playing field, recreation ground, arena
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Defensive play or the defensive positions collectively.
      ‘he is fast in the field and on the bases’
      • ‘Other situations may also exist where there is an open gap in the field due simply to the positioning of the fielders.’
      • ‘As far as the field is concerned, this year we've had the deepest and strongest field ever.’
      • ‘Is the field in, hovering around the centre, or is it deep-set, flung back to the periphery?’
    3. 1.3 A large area of land or water completely covered in a particular substance, especially snow or ice.
      ‘an ice field’
      • ‘Continental monogenetic volcanic fields are subject to the same physical constraints as other volcanic systems.’
      • ‘Spring came and the snowpack melted like an ice cube on hot asphalt, instead of compacting and forming the vast fields of perfect-corn snow we expected.’
      • ‘In this case, over time, the debris field covered about two to three square mile area.’
      • ‘Observations made earlier this year by the OMEGA instrument on Mars Express showed that Mars has vast fields of perennial water ice, stretching out from its south pole.’
      • ‘The simplest explanation is that the general assumption that continental monogenetic volcanic fields lack significant shallow magma storage zones must be in error.’
      • ‘The vertical change in architecture can be related to the evolution of the lava field.’
      • ‘These are interpreted to be lava tube conduits feeding the toe of the lava field.’
      • ‘Individual volcanoes of continental monogenetic volcanic fields are generally presumed to erupt single magma batches during brief eruptions.’
      • ‘Here three main pockmark and mud diapir fields were observed.’
      • ‘These lizards rely on rock crevices for cover from predators and harsh climate and these crevices are found only in boulder fields or lava flows.’
      • ‘After about a mile I kinked down to cross the Seven where there's a good, arched bridge and where the river, flowing through fields of virgin snow, was trimmed with a glaze of grey translucent ice.’
    4. 1.4 An area rich in a natural product, typically oil or gas.
      ‘an oil field’
      • ‘Large natural gas storage fields in salt domes are another example.’
      • ‘It is running a dangerous game of bluff over Greater Sunrise, encouraged by Norwegian advisers whose experience is based on the oil and gas fields in Europe's North Sea.’
      • ‘Unocal controls major oil and gas fields in Alaska, the Gulf of Mexico, and, of course, Asia.’
      • ‘Australia must therefore not frustrate East Timor's rightful claim to its maritime boundaries and its rightful share of the oil and gas fields of the Timor Sea.’
      • ‘The large pipelines, built since the 1970s, linking Soviet oil and gas fields and western Europe, make their way across Ukrainian territory.’
      • ‘The UK oil and gas industry has benefited from the abolition of royalty payments on the North Sea's 30 oldest oil and gas fields, which came into effect on January 1.’
      • ‘Oil companies are experts in developing oil and gas fields, not countries.’
      • ‘Another wealthy tribe, the 16,000-strong Osage in Oklahoma, owns the rights to one of the richest oil and gas fields in the state.’
      • ‘The attention that was given to the detailed geometry of growth faults in the Gulf of Mexico, the North Sea, and the Niger Delta helped the exploitation of oil and gas fields in these areas.’
      • ‘At the same time, many of the world's oil and gas fields are maturing.’
      • ‘In the case of Christmas Island two of the three launch paths will go over or near the oil and gas fields of the northwest shelf and the Timor Sea.’
      • ‘Salekhard is surrounded by some of the richest oil and natural gas fields in the world.’
      • ‘The Brunei economy was revolutionized by the discovery of substantial onshore oil deposits in 1929 and offshore oil and gas fields in the early 1960s.’
      • ‘To this end, the company is betting on expanding its oil and gas productions from fields outside Indonesia.’
      • ‘It could be further magnified because over time non-U.S. firms will have much more information on and familiarity with Iranian oil and gas fields.’
      • ‘This story says that a Waitangi Tribunal report to be issued today will find that Taranaki Maori are entitled to a share of the profits from our oil and gas fields.’
      • ‘Greater Sunrise is the biggest of the three oil and gas fields in the Timor Sea.’
      • ‘China has huge oil and gas fields still to be developed.’
      • ‘However, Arctic reserves are now being considered more seriously as other oil and gas fields become exhausted.’
      • ‘China's state-owned oil companies have in recent years been actively involved around the globe in buying oil and gas fields and establishing energy supplies.’
    5. 1.5the field A place where a subject of scientific study or of artistic representation can be observed in its natural location or context.
      • ‘When traveling to a destination with large mammals you should learn about their behavior before going out in the field.’
      • ‘Getting out in the field over and over is the best way to build up knowledge.’
    6. 1.6 An area on which a battle is fought.
      ‘a field of battle’
      • ‘But the idea is to use it on a wounded soldier on the field of battle where blood is hard to come across.’
      • ‘It would have been better if they had fallen on the field of battle.’
      • ‘However, they could not forget the bonds they had forged with their French brothers on the field of battle.’
      • ‘All her life she had imagined the field of battle from her grandfather's descriptions.’
      • ‘David's beheading of Goliath took place on the field of battle, after Goliath was already dead.’
      • ‘It was more likely that their shortcomings outside the field of battle that would hold them back.’
      • ‘We read of their heroic actions on the field of battle and their deeds in other places.’
      • ‘Losing a man on the field of battle is a terrible thing, but losing a man when the army is bedded down for the winter is truly a tragedy.’
      • ‘In 1913 Paris was hit by The Rite of Spring and by a volume of noise and dissonance that no human had experienced outside the field of battle.’
      • ‘Images of Bruce Lee and the night fighting scene in Enter the Dragon flashed through my mind like flags on the field of battle.’
      • ‘The inference, that the ideas that it contains should be carried to the field of battle, is inescapable.’
      • ‘Unable to match the forces of the West on the field of battle, new plans had to be hatched.’
      • ‘Even now, the last of my forces have withdrawn from the field of battle back into the keep.’
      • ‘I wondered if my classmates and I could make such a sacrifice for our country on the field of battle.’
      • ‘Ultimate victory for them lies at the level of grand strategy rather than on the field of battle.’
      • ‘The threats from the beach were horrifying enough to have made Napoleon turn from the field of battle.’
      • ‘But while vanquishing the enemy on the field of battle is necessary, it is not sufficient.’
      • ‘The U.S. military was so superior as to be virtually unchallengeable on the field of battle.’
      • ‘From the mists, a shuffling figure could be discerned moving towards the field of battle.’
      • ‘But for the labours of a statesman all the sound and fury of the swordsman on the field of battle would in the end signify nothing.’
    7. 1.7archaic A battle.
      ‘many a bloody field was to be fought’
      • ‘Rupert made himself conspicuous during our Civil War in many a bloody field.’
      • ‘All these were slaughtered in savage fields for the faith and fell beside the standard of the Cross, breathing loyalty to God and man in their last agonies.’
  • 2A particular branch of study or sphere of activity or interest.

    ‘we talked to professionals in various fields’
    • ‘The former requires a multidisciplinary approach, utilizing not only seismology but also other fields of geophysics and, most importantly, geology and geomorphology.’
    • ‘His main fields of interest include the study of labor markets and social stratification.’
    • ‘In addition, consular officers are given little training as to which fields of scientific study may pose a security risk.’
    • ‘He is master of his subject, and has had time to branch out into other fields.’
    • ‘They will come away, as I did, with a pretty good idea of what the field of forensic geology is all about.’
    • ‘Srivasta was keen on opting for cellular and mobile communication, his field of special interest.’
    • ‘Agriculture, like medicine, is rapidly changing because of advances being made in molecular biology, particularly in the fields of genomics and biotechnology.’
    • ‘This curious publication listed its fields of interest as ‘magic, fortune telling, palmistry, graphology and spiritualism’.’
    • ‘One way to try to get a handle on what's happening in a scientific field is to study citations in research papers.’
    • ‘She was interested in the film field even from a very young age.’
    • ‘You gain professional credibility through creative and productive work in a special field of activity.’
    • ‘According to the teacher, other factors that are at play when it comes to advising the students on career paths include studying skills and the passing of interest tests for specific fields.’
    • ‘Reading in the summer, we can move outside our fields and study topics of general importance.’
    • ‘It also includes all other rights that may result from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields.’
    • ‘By arrogance I don't mean pride, for there is no harm in being proud of what we have achieved in all fields of human activity.’
    • ‘I have to honestly say that I didn't have much of an interest in the acting field.’
    • ‘Another field of interest for Hungary in Bulgaria is the development of transport infrastructure.’
    • ‘As in all fields of human activity, errors have been made.’
    • ‘The tools will let you select the topics and the fields of interest to you and figure out what intelligent people are saying about them.’
    • ‘During the past two decades, we have witnessed exponential growth in the fields of genetics and molecular biology.’
    area, sphere, area of activity, discipline, province, department, domain, sector, line, branch, subject, speciality, specialty, specialization, specialism
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    1. 2.1Computing A part of a record, representing an item of data.
      • ‘You can create a collection of database fields that have unique values for each drawing in the set.’
      • ‘Baidu even seems enormously proud of its simple, 4K home page with a single search field.’
      • ‘A PRM can be thought of as a Bayesian network whose variables are fields in a relational database.’
      • ‘If you type some text in the input field below the chat window, your avatar acts as a voice-over.’
      • ‘Buffer overflows are also a major vulnerability and happen when too much data is input into a field.’
    2. 2.2Linguistics Psychology A general area of meaning within which individual words make particular distinctions.
      • ‘Those other words provide context and define the semantic fields being used.’
      • ‘This predictability concerns specifically psychological processes, which, by the author's definition, take place within a field of meaning.’
      • ‘It is a matter of word fields and changes of meaning, but also about the creation of new words.’
  • 3A space or range within which objects are visible from a particular viewpoint or through a piece of apparatus.

    ‘the stars drift through this telescope's field of view’
    • ‘An internal spiral staircase connected the two, while around the top would have been a parapet providing a wide field of view.’
    • ‘Integral has a large field of view, enabling it to scan our Milky Way galaxy for neutron stars and black hole activity.’
    • ‘During the update process, the shutter rotates into the image field to normalize the pixel offset.’
    • ‘The mission is also a gamma-ray burst detector, and has been spotting one burst per month in its field of view.’
    • ‘Adjust the scope back and forth until you're rewarded with a full field of view.’
    • ‘A magnifying glass was added to read the scale, a telescopic sight was added with cross-wires to divide the field of view.’
    • ‘The long cells exceeded the field of view at high magnification and were instead measured at 100x.’
    • ‘It's so long that you'll probably get the entire 20-car field in a single shot.’
    • ‘The sensors would cover 100-degree fields of view to ensure overlap of areas.’
    • ‘A magnifying glass enlarges things at the cost of reducing the total field of view: so, one sees more of less.’
    • ‘The two images are slightly different, but the observer's brain stitches them together into a single 3D image field.’
    • ‘Cassini is now close enough to Enceladus that the moon does not fit within the camera field of view.’
    • ‘When present, the length of longitudinal bundles lying along the edge of the DZ in the same field of view was also measured.’
    • ‘Identification of the situs is often better made by MRI because of the wider field of view.’
    • ‘The field of view was moved and counts obtained for three separate adjacent areas of cytoplasm of equal size.’
    • ‘Because the fish will be waiting in ambush behind the top of the sand dune watching for baitfish or whatever to be washed into their field of view.’
    • ‘From the corner of her eye she caught another flash of motion and then the couple rolled into her field of view.’
    • ‘The field of view is wide enough to let you see the whole groove as well as the corners of the land.’
    • ‘From then on, Saturn and its rings are larger than the field of view of the narrow angle camera.’
    • ‘Punching the power button brings up a LCD readout window in the lower third of the field of view.’
    scope, range, sweep, reach, extent, purview
    View synonyms
  • 4usually the fieldAll the participants in a contest or sport.

    ‘he destroyed the rest of the field with a devastating injection of speed’
    • ‘The contest will narrow the field to 7 teams from a total of 15 for the finals on October 23.’
    • ‘The duo finished, but almost two minutes behind the rest of the field.’
    • ‘At 11, she won Hawaii's most prestigious women's event - beating the rest of the field by nine strokes.’
    • ‘West got away, followed by one other rider, with the rest of the field contesting a very close and tactical bunch sprint in Ramsey town.’
    • ‘But the gap between the big boys and the rest of the field is nowhere near as large as people may think.’
    • ‘Tergat produced a brave run, racing through the last nine laps on his own after the rest of the field were unable to match his pace.’
    • ‘The Manchester postwoman again proved to be a cut above the rest of the field in the JP Morgan Corporate Chase finals in New York.’
    • ‘In the West, everyone is waiting to see how much the gap between the Lakers and the rest of the field has narrowed.’
    • ‘Law led the 46 car field to the green flag.’
    • ‘Craig was head and shoulders above the rest of the field beating his nearest rival by over a minute.’
    • ‘But he pulled away from the rest of the field by following up with a sparkling 67 which contained five birdies.’
    • ‘By the time the rest of the field got underway Clay Regazzoni's Ferrari was already in second gear and had jumped into a clear lead from the fourth row of the grid.’
    • ‘The rest of the field fell away and are still waiting for the return of Kevin Mitch to give these guys some competition at the top.’
    • ‘That can't be good news for the rest of the field, which not only has to contend with a tough course, but a tough player.’
    • ‘Playing off a 19 handicap, Bob came in with 39 points to beat the field by a single stroke.’
    • ‘Truex was miles ahead of Busch, the rookie of the year, but the two were time zones ahead of the rest of the field.’
    • ‘Normally, the rest of the field are scared stiff of Radcliffe, last night she was the one with the fear factor.’
    • ‘On Monday the 16th, Don Ratcliffe with his sore thumb clobbered the rest of the field by three strokes.’
    • ‘This was an unusual year for the Oscars: No single film dominated the field and swept the board.’
    • ‘This clearly is a safety risk to both the drivers in the lapped cars and the rest of the field.’
    competitors, entrants, competition, runners
    View synonyms
  • 5An area on a flag with a single background color.

    ‘fifty white stars on a blue field’
    • ‘It was a flag bearing thirteen stars on a blue field with red and white bars.’
    • ‘The national flag consists of a square red field with a white equilateral cross at its center.’
    • ‘The protesters were rounded up underneath the fluttering white cross and red field of Denmark's flag.’
    • ‘The Czech flag consists of a lower red field and an upper white field with a blue wedge reaching from the flagpole side of the flag to its center.’
    1. 5.1Heraldry The surface of an escutcheon or of one of its divisions.
      • ‘The first field (top left corner) of the escutcheon shows the national arms.’
      • ‘In the coat of arms of Amsterdam, the field of the escutcheon (heraldic shield) is red.’
  • 6Physics
    The region in which a particular condition prevails, especially one in which a force or influence is effective regardless of the presence or absence of a material medium.

    • ‘Consequently, Einstein and Infeld argue, the distinction between matter and fields is no longer a qualitative one in relativistic physics.’
    • ‘This approach describes how electrons are influenced by the fields produced by others in the Fermi sea.’
    • ‘They argue that quantum effects (such as intense radiation fields at the funnel) may close the Einstein-Rosen bridge.’
    • ‘An elementary particle in the presence of one of these relic fields would then experience interactions that have a preferred direction in space-time.’
    • ‘In addition, possible polarization effects due to large external steady state electrical fields have been neglected.’
    1. 6.1 The force exerted or potentially exerted in a field.
      ‘the variation in the strength of the field’
      • ‘Generating and detecting x rays in the strong fields used for magnetic resonance is difficult, but it can be done.’
      • ‘Like a magnet, the crystal retains the polarization when the field is turned off.’
      • ‘It agrees with the Newtonian theory for low speeds and weak gravitational fields, but differs from it at high speeds and strong fields.’
      • ‘Electrons prefer to avoid regions of strong and oscillating fields, so the wall alone would fling them out.’
      • ‘What is to protect us then from the pathological possibilities of strong gravitation fields?’
  • 7Mathematics
    A system subject to two binary operations analogous to those for the multiplication and addition of real numbers, and having similar commutative and distributive laws.

    • ‘One of Weil's major achievements was his proof of the Riemann hypothesis for the congruence zeta functions of algebraic function fields.’
    • ‘He became interested in Artin's early work which was on quadratic number fields, in particular the analytic and arithmetic theory.’
    • ‘His work allowed computations in groups to be replaced by computations in certain polynomial algebras over the field of p elements.’
    • ‘He studied the Riemann zeta function, and its extension to arbitrary number fields, discovering important results.’
    • ‘He also started work on elliptic curves and, with Baer, on topological fields.’


  • 1no object Play as a fielder.

    • ‘He fielded superbly, could score at close to a run-a-ball in one-dayers at will and whip boundaries through midwicket off balls others would leave outside offstump.’
    • ‘First, he took his eyes off the ball while fielding at short leg, and failed to notice that Sarwan had lobbed an attempted pull over his right shoulder.’
    • ‘In spite of the soaking wet ball, Joiner also fielded well, as befitted one who, though it was never likely to be his berth in the senior game, was in his schooldays a 1st-XV full-back.’
    • ‘Athy Hockey Club was another beneficiary of Skurt's talents and he fielded for the Showgrounds based club on several occasions.’
    • ‘He was a brilliant fielder preferring to field in the deep, where he took some outstanding catches, to close in fielding.’
    1. 1.1with object Catch or stop (the ball)
      ‘he fielded the ball cleanly, but threw it down the right-field line’
      • ‘Unfortunately, he doesn't have much range to his right, and he's horrible at fielding the ball backhanded.’
      • ‘First baseman Jack Clark fielded the ball and threw to pitcher Todd Worrell who was covering first.’
      • ‘Foulke fielded the ball and threw to Graffanino at third base.’
      • ‘After fielding the ball, however, the pitcher threw it way over the first baseman into deep right field.’
      • ‘The outfielders take fly balls first, then we infielders field ground balls.’
      • ‘With two outs and a man on second, Jeffrey Hammonds singled to shallow leftfield, where Jeff Conine fielded the ball and fired home.’
      • ‘He often fields ground balls behind second base and makes the throw to first to put out batters.’
      • ‘The big Scot fielded the ball, made to kick again but instead chose to run with the ball, slipped, and was tackled by All Black flanker Mike Brewer who was clearly ahead of the kicker.’
      • ‘In my first at-bat, I hit one right back to the pitcher, Don Drysdale, who fielded the ball and threw me out.’
      • ‘Frustrated by neglect, Hagan fielded a loose ball in the centre and created a try for his fellow winger, the burly Kevin Wilson who added a further try in the final minute as York ran out of steam.’
      • ‘Mike Westwood set the pattern of the game after only five minutes when the winger fielded a high ball to return it fully 60 yards into the Sandal 22.’
      • ‘He can sacrifice, forcing the first or third baseman to field the ball and make a play away from the lead runner.’
      • ‘Hernandez says he had much more time to get in front of ground balls when he played shortstop, but fielding the ball hasn't been a problem for him.’
      • ‘But Barclay spoiled the fairytale as he recovered well fielding the ball.’
      • ‘Orioles right fielder Ken Singleton fielded the ball off the wall and threw to his cutoff man Rich Dauer who in turn fired the ball home.’
      • ‘He wants to be involved, either with the ball in hand with the enemy guarding the stumps or hurtling round the boundary to field the ball.’
      • ‘Second baseman Bip Roberts fielded the ball but had no one to throw to, putting two Marlins on base.’
      • ‘Then, when Vaughan next fielded the ball, he fired it to Geraint Jones, close to Hayden's head.’
      • ‘Nevin, who fielded fly balls at Qualcomm Stadium this winter, said he's now more accepting of the club's decision to move him to the outfield.’
      • ‘Ruhle fielded the ball and threw to first for an apparent double play.’
      catch, stop, retrieve
      View synonyms
  • 2with object Send out (a team or individual) to play in a game.

    ‘a high school that traditionally fielded mediocre teams’
    • ‘Against Mexico, Arena played the aging Cobi Jones and Stewart while the Mexican manager fielded a team dominated by young players.’
    • ‘Last time St Helens visited Odsal they enraged both Bradford fans and players alike by fielding a second-string team.’
    • ‘Then Indians were fielding a team dogged with injuries.’
    • ‘Despite all of the changes, the Bills still should be able to field a competitive team in 2000.’
    • ‘India has seldom fielded a women's team outside the country.’
    • ‘With a few African mixed teams being fielded, the relays lost much of the relevance in the overall context.’
    • ‘With most of their first team on tour in Belgium, Yarnbury still managed to field a strong line-up.’
    • ‘Anyway, we should be able to field a team from the same league as your club and still beat Macedonia - not that we did last time.’
    • ‘Buz McCall, who has fielded championship teams in sports car racing and is a former NASCAR owner, notes today's trend toward specialization.’
    • ‘The fact that India fielded three teams underscored the growing depth of talent.’
    • ‘Zimba said he would not field a team at the Rhino Sevens because the tournament was only meant for clubs.’
    • ‘He's been a national example not only in wins and losses but also fielding teams of fine young men.’
    • ‘With nine men and five women this is the first time Great Britain has fielded a full team at a World Cup event.’
    • ‘Both teams field line-ups composed mostly of youth players.’
    • ‘One is that he fielded a weakened team and then won the Challenge Cup final, so I'm sure he feels it was justified.’
    • ‘But manager Tom Kelly should be able to field a team with enough speed to manufacture runs.’
    • ‘Alou is viewed favorably for fielding competitive teams despite a severe payroll disadvantage, one that became more difficult in the past two seasons.’
    • ‘They'll win the pennant, again, because they're fielding the same team, plus Mike Mussina.’
    • ‘While he has never taken a team to the Super Bowl, he is adept at fielding a competitive team that minimizes mistakes.’
    • ‘Under new Olympic rules, only the top 16 nations are allowed to field teams at the games.’
    put in the team, send out, play, put up
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    1. 2.1 (of a political party) nominate (a candidate) to run in an election.
      ‘a radical political party that is beginning to field candidates in local elections’
      • ‘At the same time, smaller parties that fielded no candidates for prime minister invested all their efforts in the Knesset elections.’
      • ‘Little Lever is the only ward in which the Green Party is fielding a candidate.’
      • ‘The party is fielding candidates in next month's local elections in seven Yorkshire wards including those at the centre of last summer's rioting in Bradford and Leeds.’
      • ‘Unsurprisingly each main political party has fielded a candidate, including the present council leader being nominated by the Labour Party.’
      • ‘For example, some parties are not fielding candidates for the presidency by way of protest, but they can give their members the green light to vote anyway.’
      • ‘The Green Party is fielding candidates in only 114 constituencies, but hopes to gain its first seat in the Commons this year.’
      • ‘The Liberal Party will field another nine candidates for functional constituencies.’
      • ‘Several other fringe parties are fielding candidates on various councils.’
      • ‘The British National Party is fielding a record 14 candidates in the rock-solid Labour stronghold of Barnsley.’
      • ‘The last time the party fielded a candidate here was in 1997.’
      • ‘Apart from the trio, the party will field nine candidates in the functional constituencies.’
      • ‘All three main political parties are also fielding candidates in these elections, as are the Greens.’
      • ‘ALL three major political parties have fielded candidates for the forthcoming by-election for the Ogbourne ward of Kennet District Council.’
      • ‘However, that has not happened, with only the three main parties fielding candidates.’
      • ‘In that event, I'd blame the entire Democratic Party for even fielding a candidate.’
      • ‘Pensioner parties are fielding candidates in the Scottish elections, so now we have someone to identify with.’
      • ‘The Socialist Equality Party is fielding candidates in the federal election to lay the basis for a mass political movement of the working class that will fight for this perspective.’
      • ‘Among small parties fielding candidates in this election are some which are seeking to divide our society on racial and asylum issues.’
      • ‘The party will field candidates in all three Bolton seats at the general election.’
      • ‘The Progressive Democrats and the Green Party are each fielding a candidate in both and Kildare South also has an independent candidate.’
    2. 2.2 Deploy (an army)
      ‘no one had the power to field an army of any consequence’
      • ‘In 1270, against the advice of counselors and family, Louis again fielded an army and headed east.’
      • ‘They even developed independent governments, raised their own taxes, fielded their own armies.’
      • ‘This was an organizational imperative made necessary by the ever larger armies fielded by continental military systems during the 19th century.’
      • ‘Also, the French people, a nation in arms, could field a far larger army then a similar sized state.’
      • ‘The Arab states that invaded the nascent State of Israel fielded armies that were trained and supplied by the French and British Empires.’
      • ‘To date the Army has certified and fielded a total of seven Apache Longbow battalions.’
      • ‘Both the Korean states fielded large armies who fought bravely.’
      • ‘One day we will field this army, we will have the chance to show our power, but it will not be this day.’
      • ‘The Soviet Union then fielded a huge army that had bested the Wehrmacht and was fully capable of gobbling up large chunks of Western Europe.’
      • ‘Yet neither of these sources deal with the wars of the late sixteenth century, by which time major combatants were fielding armies of many tens of thousands.’
      • ‘The Romans quickly fielded another army, for the heart of Roman strength was in central and southern Italy.’
      • ‘Rolling in wealth, the Church built great edifices and fielded its own armies and sank deeper and deeper into immorality, materialism, and decadence.’
      • ‘The Syrians were too busy fighting one another to field an effective army yet.’
      • ‘He fielded an army that was a match for the Greeks, but Porus' army had an additional advantage: war elephants.’
      • ‘Bruce also does an accurate job of reporting the political joustings among the Army generals for the new American Army soon to be fielded.’
      • ‘Each side fielded armies that were very similar in tactics, organization, and equipment, and both used African and Gallic auxiliary troops.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, the Zulus did not resort to guerrilla warfare as previous opponents had done, but fielded an enormous army.’
      • ‘I'm also skeptical that an ongoing draft is the only way to field a large army anyway.’
      deploy, position, post, station, range, dispose
      View synonyms
  • 3with object Deal with (a difficult question, telephone call, etc.)

    ‘she has fielded five calls from salespeople’
    • ‘He gives endless media briefings, fielding every question with dignity, and with as much straight-talking as you will ever hear from a politician.’
    • ‘The wardens, after fielding our questions with what could only be called glee, were of course curious to discover our nationality.’
    • ‘The other day, fielding questions about her aversion for holding press conferences, she openly admitted to her feeling that media exercises may not yield the desired results.’
    • ‘For ten days now I've fielded panicked phone calls and emails.’
    • ‘She fielded questions from the inquisitive bunch and shared her life experiences during an interactive session, which, she said, she preferred.’
    • ‘Canegrowers Isis chairman Joe Russo said he had been fielding calls all day from stunned and angered growers.’
    • ‘Presiding at a packed news conference, he fielded questions on his exhibits, one of which is the corpse of a horseman, his skull chopped in two and his body flayed to show his musculature.’
    • ‘He manfully fielded tough questions about precisely how brilliant his leadership was and the personal toll of improving the lives of every living creature in his kingdom.’
    • ‘Trust me, it's not easy scooping up gift votives and stocking stuffers while fielding questions about your love life.’
    • ‘This is where the Beeb had a less obliging audience for fielding its questions.’
    • ‘Both agencies fielded some tough questions today about why they aren't sharing more information with each other.’
    • ‘Following the speech he fielded student questions posed from a microphone placed on the floor in front of the podium.’
    • ‘He fields questions more routinely at other White House events.’
    • ‘Many of the smart-growth complaints I've fielded have this same plaintive sound.’
    • ‘Since they were mainly fielding questions from the audience, there was little room for interaction amongst the panel of seven hopeful MPs.’
    • ‘Mr. Curtis will not be fielding any questions after his remarks, and we kindly request that you respect the family's wishes.’
    • ‘We were dressed in bizarre costumes and did a talk and then fielded questions.’
    • ‘There, she fielded their questions with all the skill and charm of a politician on the election trail, but with sincerity, too.’
    • ‘They were fielding questions, as if to prove they had nothing to hide.’
    • ‘He's fielding questions from young people around the world.’
    deal with, handle, cope with, answer, reply to, respond to, react to
    View synonyms


  • 1attributive Carried out or working in the natural environment, rather than in a laboratory or office.

    ‘field observations’
    • ‘This modelling approach was tested in eight independent field environments of different sowing dates in two growing seasons.’
    • ‘The constants used were the mean values for H and J calculated from each set of field observations.’
    • ‘Two observations supported throughout the field research form a framework for much that follows.’
    • ‘It seems there is a trade-off between controlled studies and natural field research.’
    • ‘This development will permit explicit information on uncertainty to be carried forward from field data to the final product.’
    • ‘However, it was forced to carry out the field checks following the allegations.’
    • ‘To check whether visitors looked for nectar, a small piece of the corolla spur was cut in some flowers during the field observations.’
    • ‘These studies can either be carried out in laboratory cultures or preferably in a field environment.’
    • ‘Both test these hypotheses with manipulations of natural populations in a field setting.’
    • ‘It is thus not a problem to establish a field laboratory for on-site sample preparation and flow analysis.’
    • ‘The duo will also be assisting the Ministry of Environment and Tourism with field training.’
    • ‘But now we have the laboratory and field evidence that shows it is definitely happening.’
    • ‘Many experiments in fields like social psychology are laboratory experiments rather than field experiments.’
    • ‘Members of all ages bring natural history objects to meetings, using them to discuss the wonders and puzzles of field observation.’
    • ‘Robust estimates of uncertainty in field data can be carried forward to become explicit in published 3D models.’
    • ‘The projects would contain field surveys, observations and experimentations.’
    • ‘This has been verified by comparing the results of laboratory and field machines on standard materials.’
    • ‘Flight Lieutenant Prudence Buckton said it was great to be out of her office and in a field environment.’
    • ‘Twenty-one interviewers and four supervisors carried out the field interviews.’
    • ‘These core findings are supported by over 400 laboratory and field studies.’
    practical, hands-on, applied, actual, active, experiential, empirical, in the field, non-theoretical
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of military equipment) light and mobile for use on campaign.
      ‘field artillery’
      • ‘Next year, when he chooses his branch, he'll be putting in for field artillery.’
      • ‘No one said anything about armored personnel carriers organic to the armored field artillery units.’
      • ‘The field artillery could develop GPS munitions that could work in a similar fashion.’
      • ‘The full bag is lightweight and fits into military field clothing pockets.’
      • ‘Matrikon was chosen to develop the main application and Tridon to implement the hardware on the field equipment.’
      • ‘We took the liberty of bringing medical supplies along with standard field kits for any operation.’
      • ‘Therefore, the idea is to make the field artillery a one-round, one-kill combat arm.’
      • ‘In sum, field artillery systems were built for an organization developed decades earlier.’
      • ‘Light siege engines and field artillery bulked behind the infantry, crews crouched at their weapons.’
      • ‘The field gun destroyed the building being used by Hollis as shelter.’
      • ‘Fielding continues to remaining field artillery units in the Army National Guard.’
      • ‘For a more detailed military example, consider the introduction of a mobile field gun.’
      • ‘Sanders would eventually command a field artillery battalion activated at Camp Rucker.’
      • ‘Al Qaeda tried to infiltrate one privatized military field kitchen, in Afghanistan.’
      • ‘The unit assembled at Fort Sill recently to test all aspects of their field artillery skills.’
      • ‘A three-piece field artillery battery was involved for marking and night illumination tasks.’
      mobile, portable, transportable, movable, manoeuvrable, light, lightweight
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Used in names of animals or plants found in the open country, rather than among buildings or as cultivated varieties.
      ‘field ant’
      • ‘The fire crackled, breaking the silent slumber of the field animals who had settled down in their dens.’
      • ‘The Field Mouse is a small rodent, found in long rolling plains or alternately old houses and any place in between.’
      • ‘My former ant loving celly, Penguin, would be in seventh heaven if left to his own devices with the field ants.’
    3. 1.3 Denoting a game played outdoors on a marked field.
      • ‘Both sides get to play a number of increasingly stupid field games until a winner is decided.’
      • ‘Even in the fastest field game in the world, you get a second every now and again.’
      • ‘We have two great field games and we should never let them become wars of attrition.’
      • ‘Jack Lynch, who knew a thing or two about hurling, once said it was the greatest field game in the world.’
      • ‘But when it comes to the greatest field game in the world, the Meath lads don't pass much heed.’
      • ‘That was all he had to say on his own preferred field game, however.’
      • ‘The NLL uses the Canadian box game with certain variations taken from field lacrosse.’
      • ‘His view was that they were catering for two major field games and that each deserved separate consideration.’
      • ‘It does not happen in other field games where they simply perform their primary duty and that is to enforce the rules.’
      • ‘New people to the area or indeed anyone with an interest in promoting the fastest most skilled field game in the world are welcome to attend.’
      • ‘The field athletics will take place on the pitch on Saturday, May 7 at 2.30 pm sharp.’
      • ‘The game, the fastest and most skilful field game on the planet, requires such devotion.’


  • in the field

    • 1On campaign; (while) engaged in combat or maneuvers.

      ‘troops in the field’
      • ‘These compelling books illuminate combat at the eyeball level of troops in the field.’
      • ‘Nor do I question the unbelievable sacrifice and honor of our troops in the field.’
      • ‘Hence it came to mean a temporary encampment of troops in the field without tents and using only locally available shelter.’
      • ‘The troops in the field would string us up if we didn't at least give a double thumbs down to some of the meals.’
      • ‘I can recall the case of one guardsman in my company who was one of the few who had been promoted in the field during the Falklands campaign.’
      • ‘They were ends in that forces were raised, maintained, and deployed in the field in order to fight them.’
      • ‘For example, most of the weapons supplied were no longer in use by armies in the field.’
      • ‘And just against the troops in the field, or against other countries in his range?’
      • ‘This and later increases in size were initiated more by military leaders in the field than by central authorities.’
      • ‘The cost of maintaining such huge armies in the field would be prohibitive.’
      1. 1.1Away from the laboratory or studio; engaged in practical work in a natural environment.
        • ‘Dr. Drysdale has made the same observations, both in the field and in his laboratory.’
        • ‘Lubricant effectiveness is assessed by bench scale and full scale testing in the laboratory and in the field.’
        • ‘The ranges of species which do not co-occur in the field can then be compared directly.’
        • ‘Pictures can be saved and analysed either in the field or in the laboratory.’
        • ‘Duplicate water samples were collected in the field, one of which was acidified on site.’
        • ‘Other shear zones further north can be inferred from maps of Moine, but were not investigated in the field.’
        • ‘The root mat was examined in the field and in the laboratory in terms of soil micromorphology.’
        • ‘It is not even the live organism held in the hand, caged in the laboratory, or seen in the field.’
        • ‘It simply means that it was not tested for resistance in a laboratory or in the field.’
        • ‘Extensive analysis software will be available in the field on handheld devices.’
        practical, hands-on, applied, actual, active, experiential, empirical, in the field, non-theoretical
        View synonyms
      2. 1.2(of an employee) away from the home office; working while traveling.
        ‘he was a salesman in the field’
        • ‘At work, be it in the field or at the office, the same universal law applies.’
        • ‘One of Ray Lane's practices at Oracle was to spend his time in the field actually selling.’
  • keep the field

    • archaic Continue a military campaign.

      • ‘The Armies of National Defence, which kept the field after the defeat of the imperial armies, pointed the way ahead.’
      • ‘The insurgents, under able leaders, were able to keep the field, in spite of the extremely energetic and even cruel measures that were adopted to crush them.’
  • lead the field

    • 1Be the leader in a race.

      • ‘She didn't disappoint the capacity crowd at the Sydney aquatic centre as she led the field for the entire race to win in a time of 1.58.24.’
      • ‘Rossi and Gibernau dominated the race, leading the field by five seconds with six laps remaining, with Alex Barros their only challenger until he crashed.’
      • ‘However, during that span, six winners have led the field in percent of greens hit in regulation.’
      • ‘The Republic of Ireland international led the field from start to finish but admitted after her victory: ‘It all went by so quickly that I didn't really take it all in.’’
      • ‘Tour leader Pierre Brambilla looked set for victory as he led the field on the morning of the last day.’
      • ‘First out of the blocks in the Tory leadership race, he leads the field.’
      • ‘At the end of the first phase of the tournament - consisting 11 rounds - East Bengal lead the field with 24 points while Dempo stood next tallying 21 points.’
      • ‘Having suffered from weeks of viral infection, Laura led the field from the start for the gold medal in the fine indoor time of 2mins.22. 56s.’
      • ‘Together they led the field throughout the race and watched the struggle go on for the second and final qualifying spot.’
      • ‘Borja, who achieved both pole positions during the Saturday qualifying sessions, had a good start to the race, leading the field into the first corner.’
      1. 1.1Be the best or most popular.
        ‘in the executive car group, this model leads the field’
        • ‘On the sports front the Weekender continues to lead the field in local coverage, particularly in recent years with Liam Maloney in the sports editor's chair.’
        • ‘But boys were in front on maths, leading the field in most countries.’
        • ‘Volvos are among the safest cars on the road and over the years have led the field in the innovation of life-saving devices for anyone travelling inside the car, and exterior protection for pedestrians.’
        • ‘Teagasc potato breeders at Oak Park Carlow have led the field internationally during the past two decades.’
        • ‘Both Mary and Antonia had nothing but praise for their agency, which has led the field in addressing this issue, and neither had felt any discrimination or disadvantage during their career because of their gender.’
        • ‘Upmc is considered the premier liver transplant center in the nation, where surgeons have led the field for the last quarter-century.’
        • ‘The city has led the field with the establishment of the Leeds Cluster Court project which channels cases of domestic violence against women into one dedicated magistrates' court on one day each week.’
        • ‘To date, the Chernobyl Children's Project has led the field, not only in supplying humanitarian and medical aid, but also in the renovation and construction of buildings.’
        • ‘The company has led the field to such an extent, and has produced so much good work over the last decade that has not been rewarded with Oscars, that I thought it a little sad that the first award went to the upstarts.’
        • ‘In terms of individual models, Toyota's Tazz and Corolla once again lead the field with 2236 and 1406 sales respectively.’
  • play the field

    • informal Indulge in a series of sexual relationships without committing oneself to anyone.

      • ‘Cool secretly plans to marry Irene when he's finished playing the field, but Irene has plans of her own in a twist that will leave readers jumping.’
      • ‘And so she breaks up with me because (I think) she still wants the freedom of being able to play the field.’
      • ‘He has been playing the field since his 1993 divorce from Susan Brown, a Yorkshirewoman to whom he was married for 19 years.’
      • ‘Relationships expert Dr Raj Persaud admits the findings go against the received view of commitment-shy blokes who like nothing more than playing the field.’
      • ‘So I'd known a lot of girls, she'd known a lot of guys, and I think we were kind of fed up with playing the field by the time we got together.’
      • ‘I was too busy with school for a bigger commitment and he was interested in playing the field (although without any apparent success).’
      • ‘She plays the field, she figures out where she's at, she knows her status and she says ‘I'm capable of getting this guy’.’
      • ‘By today's standards, you married young, so there's a chance you don't feel you played the field long enough.’
      • ‘I wanted to call her and set up a date Saturday night, but after playing the field for so many years I knew that it would seem a little eager so I told myself to wait until Monday afternoon.’
      • ‘This unequal parental investment leaves males free to spend more of their energies playing the field, mating wise.’
  • take the field

    • 1(of a sports team) go on to a field to begin a game.

      • ‘When the Jets take the field for their fifth game of the season on Sunday, they will have their third different starting quarterback.’
      • ‘Being forced to watch from the stands as his team took the field in the biggest game of their season was cruel and utterly unfair, the genial Padjoe admitted in the aftermath of one of his greatest triumphs.’
      • ‘However, coach Graham Morgan was more than satisfied with the team that took the field, even though substitute strength was in reality limited to Danny Royston, also carrying a back problem.’
      • ‘When you take the field for the opening game, the finality of the coming games dawns on you in a very powerful way.’
      • ‘When the two teams take the field in the opening match of the 2000 World Cup, the result may well set up the standard for the final stage of the tournament.’
      • ‘But when we took the field together in this game for the last time as a team, we came together and showed what we can really do.’
      • ‘Moreover, the Red Sox pitchers managed to do this despite the fact that the team took the field under the apparent instruction of Doctors Howard, Fine, and Howard.’
      • ‘The tournament, which is held every year with four teams taking the field in a round-robin basis, this year only saw Pingwe and Muslim from Malawi and Metropolitan and Mfuwe of Zambia participating.’
      • ‘Bester was just one of the heroes in a Bulldog team which took the field minus star fullback Tiger Mangweni who was a late withdrawal with a pulled hamstring.’
      • ‘But the baseball fans of Washington received their joyful, long-awaited wake-up call this week when the newest mutation of the team took the field in Florida.’
      1. 1.1Begin one's turn on defense in an inning.
        • ‘As the Nebraska defense takes the field, AC/DC's ‘Back in Black’ blares over the Memorial Stadium PA.’
        • ‘Knoblauch is a $6 million fallen All-Star, a wizened veteran chipping in as a designated hitter and hoping not to hurt the team should he take the field.’
        • ‘‘I was hoping for a little more than that,’ Rock laughed as he watched the Red Sox defensive players take the field.’
        • ‘The Australian tweaked a hamstring during his innings and did not take the field as a precautionary measure but he is confident of being fit for tomorrow's Championship clash with Somerset at Headingley.’
        • ‘The defense that takes the field in the season opener will be far removed from the one that started last year's playoff loss.’
        • ‘On 15 April 1947, with the support of team president Branch Rickey, Jackie Robinson took the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers, scored the winning run and irrevocably changed sports in America.’
        • ‘If there's one thing you can say above all else in Europe, it's that you have to be at the top of your game every time you take the field.’
        • ‘That's how often the team's most-used lineup took the field in the first 132 games.’
        • ‘The perpetually sunny Sanders stood at his locker after the game and fielded as many questions as any player who actually took the field in Game 3.’
        • ‘Every coach will tell you that he goes out to win every game and give his team its best chance at victory every time it takes the field.’
      2. 1.2Start a military campaign.
        • ‘This new army then took the field in 1717 against Norway, where Charles was shot in the head and killed at the siege of Frederiksten.’
        • ‘A battalion or company commander who takes the field knowing he has the support of artillery gains confidence from the knowledge that he is fighting with an advantage.’
        • ‘A true infantry soldier wants nothing more than to take the field and engage the enemy.’
        • ‘Washington's Continentals always had to be reinforced by summertime recruits or militiamen before they could take the field.’
        • ‘This newly equipped force was to take the field between October 1944 and January 1945, but that proved too optimistic.’
        • ‘He was virtual ruler of the Empire, but also personally took the field in the Turkish campaign against the Russians in the Caucasus.’
        • ‘The well equipped frontline regiments of the Russian army that took the field in 1914, carried a variety of different rifles.’
        • ‘The new officers brought new reforms into the army and began to turn it into the fighting force that would take the field in World War I, a much different force than had fought at Waterloo.’
        • ‘By the time Crook's army took the field that winter, the ranks of the military had swelled with ‘Custer Avengers.’’
        • ‘We know that George S. Patton, the most pugnacious and perhaps the most famous American general officer who actually took the field in World War II, carried two handguns as his trademark.’
        fight, battle, combat, wage war, make war, be at war, be in conflict, conduct a war, do battle, join battle, take the field, take up arms
        View synonyms


Old English feld (also denoting a large tract of open country; compare with veld), of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch veld and German Feld.