Definition of fiction in English:

fiction

noun

  • 1Literature in the form of prose, especially short stories and novels, that describes imaginary events and people.

    • ‘By the early seventeenth century, however, prose fiction had evolved beyond the limits of the novella.’
    • ‘It is not only in the landscapes of the mind, of literary fiction, and of oral tradition, that names are narrated and narration creates names.’
    • ‘Novels with a multi-cultural edge have become the latest trend in literary fiction.’
    • ‘Another area where there has been disquiet about the content of teen fiction is that of novels which engage with the realities of the world we live in today.’
    • ‘Do you enjoy watching soap operas on tv, or reading good fiction or romance novels?’
    • ‘Thus, it is no surprise there are frequent references to Milton in Melville's fiction.’
    • ‘You have to understand that it is not a genre like fiction and poetry.’
    • ‘In France Zola was the dominant practitioner of naturalism in prose fiction and the chief exponent of its doctrines.’
    • ‘The motives revealed throughout the novel are more than plot devices and nudge the book over towards the literary end of genre fiction.’
    • ‘Most book sections give spotty coverage to all genres except literary fiction.’
    • ‘Orwell, Evelyn Waugh and Belloc considered him unequalled as a writer of prose fiction.’
    • ‘In literary fiction, characters fill and organize the story around them.’
    • ‘She began writing successful romantic fiction and historical novels.’
    • ‘Much of it was so abstract in relation to fiction or poetry as to be nearly meaningless in a literature course.’
    • ‘Like all of Roth's fiction, this novel is dazzling but flawed.’
    • ‘Desire, power and a certain cruelty are the central motifs in the erotic fiction of Anais Nin.’
    • ‘The prize is popularly seen as an award for a new novelists of adult literary fiction, but this is not the case.’
    • ‘On the one hand it publishes original fiction and prose by authors in Tamil.’
    • ‘We are not likely to approach a work of fiction about James as Jamesian scholars.’
    • ‘He began his writing career with genre fiction, from historical novels to vampire horror sagas.’
    novels, stories, creative writing, imaginative writing, works of the imagination, prose literature, narration, story telling
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    1. 1.1 Invention or fabrication as opposed to fact.
      ‘he dismissed the allegation as absolute fiction’
      • ‘We'll separate fact from film fiction about one of history's greatest warriors.’
      • ‘Has anyone seen him write stories about all the fiction in the campaign?’
      • ‘Whether it's fact, twisted fact, or blatant fiction, people will believe what they see on TV.’
      • ‘At a theological level, there is concern at the liberal blurring of the lines between historical fact and fiction.’
      • ‘The fact is at times it's difficult to distinguish between fact and fiction, myth or reality.’
      • ‘Bobby's reputation is a curious mixture of fact and fiction.’
      • ‘This is the ability to separate fact from fiction, truth from lies, and stated agendas from hidden ones.’
      • ‘The odd jumble of fact and fiction surrounding this initial hit made worldwide headlines.’
      • ‘It will be folly to be swayed by mealie-mouthed politicians who cannot differentiate fact from fiction.’
      • ‘It may well turn out that all of Parmalat's financials are true fiction - more a case of Parma sham than Parma ham.’
      • ‘The film is careful not to leave the audience in any doubt about the fiction of the story.’
      • ‘Please be careful with your mix of fact and fiction as you try to gain the sympathies of your readership.’
      • ‘The winner is the person who best conflates fiction and fact in the audience's mind.’
      • ‘Listen to some fish stories but try to distinguish between fact and fiction.’
      • ‘The museum always foregrounds the unresolvable dichotomy between fact and fiction.’
      • ‘Let's consider some of the common claims, and try to sort out the fact from the fiction.’
      • ‘We refuse to contemplate that maybe, just maybe their disdain for us is grounded in more fact than fiction.’
      • ‘Here Brody does an excellent job of sorting out fact, fiction, and political agendas.’
      • ‘On person tells a story that is important to him or her that can either be fact or fiction.’
      • ‘Dr Kellett separated the fact from the fiction of the prophetess legend in a previous book published last year.’
      fabrication, invention, lies, fibs, concoction, trumped-up story, fake news, alternative fact, untruth, falsehood, fantasy, fancy, illusion, sham, nonsense
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    2. 1.2in singular A belief or statement that is false, but that is often held to be true because it is expedient to do so.
      ‘the notion of that country being a democracy is a polite fiction’
      • ‘To give up the fiction is to give up the belief in the sanctity of human life; and this is something that few people are prepared to do.’
      • ‘He'll use me as a reference and they will all think it's true and subscribe to the fiction.’
      • ‘That is his function - to take the polite fictions and drag them back to the real world.’
      • ‘He thinks he can rebuild the polite fictions of September 10.’
      • ‘So all of the conventions created in the wake of the Second World War - the Geneva Conventions, the very concept of war crimes - these are all just polite fictions to be crumpled?’
      • ‘Pornography, like marriage and the fictions of romantic love, assists the process of false universalising.’
      • ‘One of my favorite concepts in anthropology is that of the polite fiction.’
      • ‘Its language seemed formulaic and false, a screen of clichés and convenient fictions.’
      • ‘Better - and safer - to maintain the polite fiction that he didn't know where she lived.’
      • ‘There is no true dramatic debate; the fiction crashes on the rocks of op-ed.’
      untruth, falsehood, fib, fabrication, deception, made-up story, trumped-up story, fake news, invention, piece of fiction, falsification, falsity, fairy story, fairy tale, cock and bull story, barefaced lie
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Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘invented statement’): via Old French from Latin fictio(n-), from fingere ‘form, contrive’. Compare with feign and figment.

Pronunciation

fiction

/ˈfɪkʃ(ə)n//ˈfikSH(ə)n/