Definition of fathom in English:

fathom

noun

  • A unit of length equal to six feet (approximately 1.8 m), chiefly used in reference to the depth of water.

    ‘sonar says that we're in eighteen fathoms’
    • ‘A rock had suddenly risen out of the depths not three fathoms from the point of the bow.’
    • ‘He is still miles and fathoms and nautical miles and light years ahead of everyone else in baseball.’
    • ‘They are reported to be capable of diving to depths of 100 to 150 fathoms and remain submerged for up to 15 minutes.’
    • ‘The maximum reported depth reached by the species is 194 fathoms.’
    • ‘The first column is the circumference in inches and the other three columns are fathoms, feet, and inches.’
    • ‘If your boat is in the water and cannot be trailered, move it offshore to waters over 200 fathoms deep as soon as a Tsunami Warning is declared.’
    • ‘It looms towards us, shrouded by fathoms of blue water.’
    • ‘We trolled a zig-zag course along a drop-off, the deep water hitting 150 fathoms.’
    • ‘This lay on the bed of the South China Sea for almost 200 years at a depth of 17 fathoms.’
    • ‘As the standard length of rope required just to drop anchor was 120 fathoms, the market was a big one.’
    • ‘The anchor plummeted down nearly ten fathoms; it is deep, but so sheltered that not much scope is necessary.’
    • ‘At a depth of fifteen fathoms it was six feet wide and contained 76% copper.’
    • ‘A couple of miles off Punta Arena the water is said to drop away into 100 fathoms or 600-feet, and double that distance just beyond the Pulmo Shoals.’
    • ‘The depth sounder tells him how deep his traps are, and the deepest ones we we'll hit today are in about 40 fathoms, or 240 feet, of water.’
    • ‘With great sadness they buried him in 2,700 fathoms of water, some 300 miles from Tahiti.’
    • ‘I saw real cities of the surface world, lying in ruins under a thousand fathoms of water.’
    • ‘To their horror, the engine of the boat failed in 23 fathoms of water.’
    • ‘All nets had to be licensed annually and were taxed at the rate of five dollars for every net 65 fathoms in length or smaller.’
    • ‘This shark, common in deep waters, is occasionally found in depths as shallow as 20 fathoms.’
    • ‘On March 23, 1875, 13 days after leaving Nares Harbor, soundings indicated a depth of 4,475 fathoms or about 27,000 feet.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1[usually with negative] Understand (a difficult problem or an enigmatic person) after much thought.

    ‘he could scarcely fathom the idea that people actually lived in Las Vegas’
    [with clause] ‘he couldn't fathom why she was being so anxious’
    • ‘Even if we were just friends, I still didn't want to fathom another girl in the picture.’
    • ‘Harrison looked so strong that they couldn't fathom him breaking down.’
    • ‘But I can't fathom anyone reading stories like this and not feeling the sting and burn of utter, abject shame.’
    • ‘I just couldn't fathom why he would want to do such a thing.’
    • ‘It really did give one's mind a good exercise, trying to fathom out the clues, whether they be ‘red herrings’ or helpful hints.’
    • ‘Can you even fathom what goes into this kind of self-inflicted torture?’
    • ‘Immediately, the glacial glare seemed to diminish… though Sammy couldn't fathom why.’
    • ‘But I still couldn't quite fathom the idea of living with Dad.’
    • ‘How could you possibly fathom how much he cares for you?’
    • ‘I just can't fathom people who could have a quiet life, who don't have to be controversial for a living, but do it anyway.’
    • ‘You can analyze a Mozart piano concerto note by note and still not fathom the genius of the whole piece.’
    • ‘I still couldn't fathom why they held such a presence over the school.’
    • ‘He could never fathom ever giving up his absolute free will.’
    • ‘I would go to any extent in my art to fathom the mystery of humankind's existence.’
    • ‘She couldn't fathom him having any of those anymore.’
    • ‘They couldn't even fathom what I was feeling.’
    • ‘She just can't seem to fathom the idea that she's a good player.’
    • ‘She didn't have time to fathom the mystery of books, though.’
    • ‘He spent his entire life trying to fathom the mysteries of life: what is virtue?’
    • ‘They can't fathom that fellow members of democratic societies would not share their struggle with them.’
    understand, comprehend, work out, fathom out, make sense of, grasp, catch, follow, perceive, make out, penetrate, divine, search out, ferret out, puzzle out, take in, assimilate, absorb, get to the bottom of
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  • 2Measure the depth of (water)

    ‘an attempt to fathom the ocean’
    • ‘In the middle of this temple complex, there is an ancient pond, fed by the waters sprouting from its bed; it has been claimed that the depth of this pond has never been fathomed.’
    measure the depth of, sound, plumb, probe
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Origin

Old English fæthm. The original sense was something that embraces (plural) the outstretched arms; hence, a unit of measurement based on the span of the outstretched arms, later standardized to six feet.

Pronunciation:

fathom

/ˈfaT͟Həm/