Main definitions of fan in English

: fan1fan2

fan1

noun

  • 1An apparatus with rotating blades that creates a current of air for cooling or ventilation.

    • ‘A simple and less draconian solution would be to install a duct in the ceiling with an extractor fan.’
    • ‘The burning gases keep the shaft turning by rotating a fan before exiting the engine.’
    • ‘Ceiling fans that keep you cool in summer also can save energy in winter.’
    • ‘Flicking it on, I opened my door, as the ceiling fan started to rotate.’
    • ‘In yet another room was a small piece consisting of two electric fans with their blades replaced by rods with twists of leaves at the end.’
    • ‘The court is also mechanically ventilated by exhaust fans at the roof level to prevent hot air build-up.’
    • ‘Amusingly, as it stirred the hot air in the room, it caused the ceiling fan to rotate slowly.’
    • ‘Ventilation fans and water pumps to prevent the pit flooding were switched off the following month.’
    • ‘Lights, ceiling fans and the all-important sockets for charging camera batteries run from a generator.’
    • ‘The only thing that everyone could hear was the sound of the ceiling fan rotating.’
    • ‘But the Ceramic World factory has no windows for ventilation and only large fans fixed to the ceiling.’
    • ‘Before searing the meat, turn on the ventilation fan over the stove.’
    • ‘An extractor fan was provided for ventilating the equipment room.’
    • ‘The fluids that lubricate the parts can be mechanically cooled by fans.’
    • ‘Also a 120 mm fan will be a lot quieter then an 80 mm fan moving the same amount of air.’
    • ‘Some had secretly brought smog masks, others little portable fans to create some cool relief.’
    • ‘All offices have ceiling fans to create localised cooling and support the natural cross-venting action.’
    • ‘It's all about letting through a flow of air, which is then whipped up by a ceiling fan to cool you naturally.’
    • ‘Be sure home has adequate ventilation, including exhaust fans in kitchen and bathrooms.’
    • ‘Once the car gets cool, then you can obviously switch off the air conditioner and let the fan rotate the cool air.’
    air cooler, air conditioner, ventilator, blower, aerator
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A small sail for keeping the head of a windmill toward the wind.
      • ‘While the previous windmill designs are for larger structures that could service entire towns, the fan-type windmill is made specifically for individuals.’
  • 2A device, typically folding and shaped like a segment of a circle when spread out, that is held in the hand and waved so as to cool the person holding it by causing the air to move.

    • ‘Waving a fan for nearly 12 hours continuously, with just a break for lunch, could make anyone's arms sore.’
    • ‘Sammy felt like whipping out a paper fan and waving it crazily in front of her face.’
    • ‘Well-prepared with umbrellas and caps, spectators waved fans or improvised from whatever was at hand to fight the heat.’
    • ‘Anzuko was drawing a portrait of Suzume for fun while Suzume posed by lying down and holding an open fan casually.’
    • ‘The girls all blushed deeply and giggled behind their fluttering fans.’
    • ‘It had an open fan with a cherry blossom on one of the outspread ribs, and it also had a tiny dragon perched on the tip of a rib.’
    • ‘How do you walk downstairs in heels, waving giant fans, singing a song, looking at these guys like you love it.’
    • ‘I presume she thought the rarity of the day justified her unorthodox behaviour in an era when ladies were expected to remain giggling behind their fans.’
    • ‘They would wave their fans to show off their grace when composing or thinking about poetry.’
    1. 2.1 A thing or shape resembling an open handheld fan.
      • ‘Its big black wings spread like fans across the blazing sky.’
      • ‘Then it stood tall, unfolding its wings to their full fan of circle and began to shimmer the wing feathers, so that they scattered sunlight like jewels.’
      • ‘Needles of light, frozen rays, shot out from her back, spreading out like a fan, with a thin light webbing in between each.’
    2. 2.2 An alluvial or talus deposit spread out in an open fan shape at the foot of a slope.
      • ‘Alluvial fans and related phenomena are depositional landforms which form a continuum.’
      • ‘Up to 2000 m of alluvial fan and fan delta deposits of early Cretaceous age are preserved in the Coastal Cordillera.’
      • ‘The Lower Eocene Sulov Basin close to the Pieniny Klippen Belt is a kilometre-thick pile of dolomite gravel, rapidly deposited in a fan.’
      • ‘Each terrace represents a fan of younger pyroclastic deposits infilling valleys cut in older fans.’
      • ‘The town of Putre is built on top of one of these major pyroclastic fans.’
  • 3A device for winnowing grain.

    • ‘The farmer puts the unsorted grain and chaff into the basket, and shakes it until the lighter chaff is propelled over the fan's lip, while the heavier grain remains inside.’

verb

  • 1with object Cool (especially a person or a part of the body) by waving something to create a current of air.

    ‘he fanned himself with his hat’
    • ‘Males continuously fan the eggs to aerate them and to prevent silt from settling on them.’
    • ‘When the weather turns hot, workers fan their wings at the entrance to the hive, cooling it.’
    • ‘He just watched me with serene but knowing eyes, and looked as dignified as if he were sitting on a throne being fanned by people with ferns.’
    • ‘I remember waking up and I had a guy, Clayton Tippett, fanning me, because it was really, really hot, very hot in there, and he was just fanning me for hours.’
    • ‘I sat back down in my seat and restrained myself from fanning my face where heat still lingered in my cheeks from our close encounter.’
    • ‘Thus, while all the pretty girls flipped their hair around the boys then, I could only act as the servants of these girls - fanning them and feeding them seedless grapes while looking up at them in adoration.’
    • ‘I used my hand to fan my face, which felt ridiculously hot.’
    • ‘With no relief from the beating sun, tourists fanned themselves with brochures and wrapped T-shirts around their heads.’
    • ‘Socialites decked out in their finest Chanel tweeds fanned themselves with their invitation cards as temperatures climbed inside the venue, a stone's throw from the Louvre museum.’
    • ‘Gladiator breathed deeply, taking off his red vest briefly and fanning himself with it.’
    • ‘Some people were walking up and down just to keep cool while mums were fanning their children.’
    • ‘He spends the next half an hour lying on the floor sipping sugary squash through a straw with a nurse fanning his face with his copy of The Mail and muttering occasionally and indecipherably to his colleagues.’
    • ‘I'm always tickled pink whenever I recall the time when my mother was fanning me to sleep with her palm-leaf fan though I do not intend to trade the air-conditioner for a palm-leaf fan.’
    • ‘The heat would make Joy's condition much worse. Dewi would sit and fan Joy for several hours.’
    • ‘Fat, perspiring men and women were furiously fanning paper plates in a doomed effort to circulate the stale air.’
    • ‘A fat woman in a red and beige dress busily fanned herself while her male escort gazed longingly at the other women when he knew his wife was busy eyeing the young men.’
    • ‘For the next three or four months, while the youngsters mature, the foundress cleans the nest regularly and helps keep it cool by fanning her wings.’
    cool, air, aerate, blow, ventilate
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of breath or a breeze) blow gently on.
      ‘his breath fanned her skin as he leaned toward her’
      • ‘But Sato continued on sleeping, his breath fanning Tenkou's trembling hands.’
      • ‘The lake looked cold and still, although a slight breeze gently fanned its surface so that it seemed to have gills.’
      • ‘‘Are you okay,’ he whispered, his hands still resting on my face, his breath softly fanning across my skin.’
      • ‘She kept writing and continued to ignore him until she felt him softly kiss the side of her neck, his breath fanning the sensitive area there.’
      • ‘Ally walked out of the building and onto the always-bustling street, a light breeze fanning her shoulder-length, caramel-blond hair out behind her.’
      • ‘Morning came, the gods painting the sky oranges, lavenders, and pinks, the air was cool, and a breeze fanned past my face, making me think of times long dead.’
      • ‘Instead, I want to swig lush, long, refreshing mixed drinks that make me feel I am lolling about on a beach fanned by a cool sea breeze.’
      • ‘He was so close that she could feel his rapid exhalations of breath gently fanning her face.’
    2. 1.2with object and adverbial of direction Brush or drive away with a waving movement.
      ‘a veil of smoke which she fanned away with a jeweled hand’
      • ‘It seemed that every time he fanned away some sand with either his fins or his hands he revealed something remarkable.’
      • ‘‘That's not how I see it,’ he retorted, fanning away the smoke.’
      • ‘I looked up, fanning away the smoke with one hand until I could make out the form of my brother Jason.’
      • ‘Scrunching up her nose (that made her look cute, too) Zahra fanned away the smoke with her manicured hand.’
      • ‘She fanned away the steam trekking to the small mirror.’
    3. 1.3Ice Hockey no object Swing at and miss the ball or puck.
      • ‘The Cincinnati ace threw 187 pitches - including 14 full counts - while fanning 12 and walking 10.’
      • ‘Already showing off his remarkable combination of discipline and delivery, he drew 114 walks while fanning only 75 times.’
      • ‘In this day of home runs and strikeouts, I would like to know how many players have hit 40 home runs in a season without fanning more than 50 times?’
      • ‘He fanned seven and walked three before handing the ball over to Lin Ying-jeh.’
      • ‘Esposito fanned on a long shot by Jacques Lemaire, then Henri Richard scored twice to give the Habs the championship.’
    4. 1.4no object (of a batter) strike out.
      • ‘His 10 strikeouts in 179 plate appearances make him the hardest to fan, by far, in the American League.’
      • ‘He has fanned 26 batters in just 22 innings while allowing only one home run.’
      • ‘Marichal pitched all 14 innings for the Giants, allowing only six bits and one walk while fanning 10 Philadelphia batters.’
      • ‘The following season, in 1968 against Detroit, he broke Sandy Koufax's record for strikeouts in a Series game when he fanned 17.’
      • ‘On May 25, 1953, Max Surkont of the Milwaukee Braves fanned eight consecutive Cincinnati Redleg batters.’
    5. 1.5 (of a pitcher) strike out (a batter)
      • ‘Pitcher Troy Pruess blew the Brothers batters from the box, conceding just three hits and fanning 12 batters at the plate.’
      • ‘The team hopes Service returns to his 1998 form, when he fanned 95 batters in 82 2/3 innings.’
      • ‘The Steinbach ace faced only 15 batters in the contest, fanning 13 of them.’
  • 2with object Increase the strength of (a fire) by blowing on it or stirring up the air near it.

    ‘gusty wind fanned fires in Yellowstone Park’
    • ‘Dragon and I began blowing and fanning the baby fire.’
    • ‘The stream of water that spurted from the hose did less to douse the fire than it did to fan the flames with its accompanying rush of air.’
    • ‘The wind was fanning the fires which still burn at the site and the smoke was billowing upwards, illuminated by the huge arc lights that had been rushed to the scene from the MTV studios on September 11.’
    • ‘That fire is being fanned by strong Santa Ana winds.’
    • ‘‘The fire was fanned by howling winds and 25 farmers and labourers managed to bring it under control,’ he said.’
    • ‘Firefighters had been monitoring hotspots but there were worries that increasing wind might fan the flames.’
    • ‘Firefighters are taking advantage of a break from the powerful Santa Ana winds that have fanned the flames with gusts up to 70 miles an hour.’
    • ‘According to a fire service spokesman, acres of mature Coillte land and a number of private forests in the area were decimated by the flames which were fanned by strong winds and reached 30 ft at stages.’
    • ‘Crews with ten engines spent more than two hours trying to bring the blaze under control as brisk winds fanned the flames towards homes.’
    • ‘The Alis said the flames were higher than the trees in the playground opposite and other residents were relieved the wind was fanning the fire away from properties.’
    • ‘Nieuwoudt said although the immediate danger for the town had passed, the fire, fanned by hot and dry gale-force berg winds, was still burning.’
    • ‘The fire is the latest of a number in Central Australia which have swept through country carrying high fuel loads and are fanned by the unpredictable gusty conditions that the area experiences in October.’
    • ‘So here in normally lovely Marin, we are blanketed with smoke thick with particulate matter, blown in courtesy of offshore winds that are fanning the flames of a fire out of control up in Yolo county.’
    • ‘KING WILLIAM'S TOWN - A fire fanned by strong winds was burning out of control in the Kubusi forests near Stutterheim yesterday.’
    • ‘The devastating fire, which was fanned by strong winds, destroyed approximately 850 of the 7300 hectares of pine plantations and left more than 400000 pine trees destroyed.’
    • ‘The fire was well ventilated due to broken glazing and the 30 mph wind helped fan the fire to the extreme intensity it was at when we arrived.’
    • ‘We have already experienced large fires, fanned by Westerly winds, in the Tenterfield area.’
    • ‘Portugal is battling its most devastating forest fires for a decade, as strong wind fan the flames.’
    • ‘High winds have been fanning the flames and the fire has spread as far as Didsbury Intake, which contains an area of woodland.’
    • ‘As the fire - fanned by strong winds - started to spread across Hurst Moor, north east of Reeth, officers at the scene requested additional support from Hawes and Masham.’
    1. 2.1 Cause (a belief or emotion) to become stronger or more widespread.
      ‘long-range weather forecasts fanned fears of drought damage’
      • ‘People's fears, often fanned by anti-bat hysteria in the media about the danger of contracting bat-carried diseases, have made bats political pawns.’
      • ‘Iraeli-Palestinian problems are likely also to increase, which will fan the resistance fires even more.’
      • ‘A week of violence, triggered by the shooting in custody of a student and fanned by local hatred of the gendarmerie, has left at least 40 people dead, according to medical sources and residents.’
      • ‘The British National Party and National Front have fanned the resulting social tensions.’
      • ‘A person who has declared his intentions for repeating the pogrom, outside Gujarat should not be allowed to roam about fanning communal hatred and passion.’
      • ‘And it is no longer the province of secularists and the left, but is increasingly fanned by religionists and the right.’
      • ‘This process is built on a foundation of fear and is fanned by economic and political pressures.’
      • ‘But this blatantly sterile narcissism, especially when fanned by massive and intrusive media coverage, is psychologically damaging to the celebrities themselves.’
      • ‘It reflects a wider debate, fanned by bitterly hostile coverage of the tube strikes in much of the media.’
      • ‘Race hatred was aflame, fanned by the rhetoric of confrontation.’
      • ‘With so much potentially at stake, this politically charged issue is fanning a fiercely emotional debate.’
      • ‘There was a mounting enthusiasm for change, fanned by effective use of secular and religious press.’
      • ‘The crowd began to mutter angrily, the glowing embers of their ancient prejudices that had been viciously stoked by the near murder of their King were being fanned to fury so easily by the power of the monarch's simple words.’
      • ‘Oil prices above US $38 a barrel recently in New York fanned worries about the impact on the global economy of high energy prices.’
      • ‘Protests by irate seniors continue, and their anger is being fanned by the Communist and other leftist parties.’
      • ‘They select those news reports that are consistent with their preferred thinking, especially those that fan national emotions.’
      • ‘The fact that a women's race commands as much attention, fan enthusiasm and media coverage as the men's race is really encouraging, too.’
      • ‘In this view, Americans' obliviousness ended with an outbreak of nostalgia at the turn of the century, fanned by general concern over the heedless pace of industrial society.’
      intensify, increase, agitate, inflame, exacerbate
      View synonyms
  • 3no object Disperse or radiate from a central point to cover a wide area.

    ‘the arriving passengers began to fan out through the town in search of lodgings’
    • ‘Searchers are fanning out over a wide area today.’
    • ‘The number of dead is rising as volunteers and Pakistan Army troops fan out to remote areas and pull more bodies from the debris.’
    • ‘In targeted sampling, interviewers fan out into targeted areas to conduct interviews over the course of several days.’
    • ‘The soldiers fanned away from the lift, and nearly passed out from the heat.’
    • ‘In addition to the areas where the delegates are concentrated, we began to fan out to other areas.’
    • ‘The commandos fan out to various areas on the ship and, after tense moments, the radio crackles into life: Pandey has taken control of the ship and his men are conducting the search.’
    spread, open, branch, stretch
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 Spread out or cause to spread out into a semicircular shape.
      no object ‘a dress made of tiny pleats that fanned out as she walked’
      with object ‘a wind fanned her hair out behind her’
      • ‘She had short, wavy brown hair that fanned out at the ends, and lovely facial features accented by eyebrows that gave her an incredible air of confidence and superiority.’
      • ‘Her short brown hair fanned out as she cocked her head to the side.’
      • ‘Shortly after the stellar material collapses, a light-producing shock wave begins to fan out from the region of collapse.’
      • ‘It fanned out and lay open on the floor, just an ordinary white cloth upon a stoneworked floor.’
      • ‘Their straplike leaves, smooth, shiny, and thick, fan out symmetrically around a central cup (called a tank) to form a neat rosette.’

Origin

Old English fann (as a noun denoting a device for winnowing grain), fannian (verb), from Latin vannus ‘winnowing fan’. Compare with vane.

Pronunciation

fan

/fan//fæn/

Main definitions of fan in English

: fan1fan2

fan2

noun

  • A person who has a strong interest in or admiration for a particular person or thing.

    ‘football fans’
    ‘I'm a fan of this author’
    • ‘She has flirted with crossover material, but her popular appeal has in no way diminished the admiration of classical fans.’
    • ‘Basically there are football fans and then there are sports fans.’
    • ‘When he reached his van he leapt on to its roof, waving to fans, flashing a victory sign, blowing kisses and giving a small dance.’
    • ‘While some women are avid football fans, others are more reserved about the sport.’
    • ‘Here's a website that will interest fans of adventure newspaper strips.’
    • ‘I know most of you aren't sports fans, but I'm excited about the upcoming football season.’
    • ‘Back in the match and with 7,500 fans behind him, Agassi did what he does best.’
    • ‘Now Shapiro has been left with the task of fielding a strong enough team to keep the fans interested.’
    • ‘More than in other sports, football fans recollect jerseys and numbers as opposed to faces.’
    • ‘Mexico is a nation of sports fans and car enthusiasts.’
    • ‘With increasing numbers of African players in the British leagues, the tournament will be of huge interest to sports fans.’
    • ‘We simply cannot recommend it highly enough - not just for hurling aficionados but for sports fans everywhere.’
    • ‘With their white hankies, the Catalan fans seemed to be waving goodbye to the league title.’
    • ‘Once the Melbourne sports fans enter the hypnotic state of football fever, nothing and I repeat, nothing will get them out of it.’
    • ‘For example, there could be exclusive packages for die-hard film fans and inveterate sports enthusiasts.’
    • ‘Although I pretend not to be, I am a football fan, but there is room for other sports on TV surely.’
    • ‘Anyway, a fan waving a banner invaded the pitch in the last seconds of a Swiss-Portuguese match.’
    • ‘And he has urged fans to keep spreading the word about the new club so that more people come on board before the new season.’
    • ‘It is anyone's guess how many spectators will take an interest and even become fans of the sport.’
    • ‘The company's smart card reward scheme allows clubs to cut the cost of football for fans and collect valuable marketing information for the club.’
    enthusiast, devotee, admirer, lover, addict
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 19th century (originally US): abbreviation of fanatic.

Pronunciation

fan

/fan//fæn/