Definition of faculty in English:



  • 1An inherent mental or physical power.

    ‘her critical faculties’
    • ‘And as we have been reporting, as my sources have been telling me over this last week, his mental faculties have steadily deteriorated over the last several days.’
    • ‘Since concentration is the first faculty to go when sleepy, Reale advises drivers keep their blood sugar up with more slowly absorbed foods, such as vegetables and nuts.’
    • ‘The law is not concerned with the brain but with the mind, in the sense that mind is ordinarily used, the mental faculties of reason, memory and understanding.’
    • ‘Handling clay is an important means for developing and nurturing the faculties of imagination and originality in children.’
    • ‘The disability can cover physical, sensory, or mental faculties.’
    • ‘There is a complex interplay among our mental faculties including perception, imagination, and intellect or judgement.’
    • ‘For Locke, these are introspective experiences of our mental faculties such as remembering, willing, discerning, reasoning, and judging.’
    • ‘Because it is through the cultivation of physical and mental faculties that we relate to our surroundings, and create conditions for our survival.’
    • ‘The idea is that when children use tactile, visual and auditory faculties simultaneously, brain activity is at its fullest.’
    • ‘The Chief Minister pointed out that Yoga exercises had the capacity to prevent illness and keep the body fit by evolving a steady balance between the physical and mental faculties.’
    • ‘It is said that with fading age, the physical and mental faculties do not remain as strong.’
    • ‘Power tools should only be used when your mental and physical faculties are at their best.’
    • ‘And to the degree that you've just reported that he was delighted at this decision, it seems that his mental faculties are perfectly fine.’
    • ‘The disease you have will continue to grow worse, and your condition will deteriorate until your mental faculties are so diminished that you will not even be able to remember how to put on your shoes.’
    • ‘It is worth pointing out that a physically paralysed person may be more mentally active and thus more alive than a person with full command of his/her physical faculties.’
    • ‘I consider myself to be a perfectly normal, 24-year-old woman in possession of the full complement of mental faculties.’
    • ‘Large doses of lead and other heavy metals were known to disrupt mental faculties, but the effects of low-level exposure were unknown.’
    • ‘And although he speaks very slowly, and almost, quietly, on some occasions, it's clear that his mental faculties are very sharp.’
    • ‘While the granter retains their mental faculties, a continuing power can be written to allow someone else the authority to carry out bank account transactions, as they would be able to do with a general power.’
    • ‘The United States is a democracy and a democracy only works if the citizens are informed and exercise their faculties of critical reason.’
    power, capability, capacity, facility, potential, potentiality, propensity, wherewithal, means, preparedness
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    1. 1.1 An aptitude or talent for doing something.
      ‘the author's faculty for philosophical analysis’
      • ‘Her moods are many, and she has a faculty for portraying deep emotions with an airy touch.’
      • ‘Also like humans, apes have a marked faculty for language.’
      • ‘He has a faculty for legislation, and some of the most useful laws on the statute book owe their origin to him.’
      ability, proficiency, competence, capability, potential, capacity, facility, readiness
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  • 2A group of university departments concerned with a major division of knowledge.

    ‘the Faculty of Arts and Sciences’
    • ‘Harvard University, I didn't realise this, Harvard University has 8,000 faculties.’
    • ‘The typical university had four faculties, of which the largest was Law and the smallest History / Philology; the other two were Medicine and Physics / Mathematics.’
    • ‘There must be at least one undergraduate and graduate student elected, as well as at least one representative, grad or undergrad, from each of the university's six faculties.’
    • ‘She's a Professor of Law in the Law and Medical faculties at the University of Melbourne, and she's President of the Academic Board, and a pro-Vice Chancellor of the University.’
    • ‘We are in a shrinking market as colleges and universities downsize their agricultural faculties.’
    • ‘Mississippi State University teaching faculties from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and the College of Education provided the responses for this study.’
    • ‘This is clearly the result of low intakes in science and engineering faculties at universities and technikons.’
    • ‘One afternoon per week, there will be special presentations and workshops organised by the various faculties at the university.’
    • ‘Citation-based measures have been used to evaluate the impact of journals and research institutions, including universities, faculties, and departments.’
    • ‘The Churches' intellectual influence is also apparent in the integration of Theology faculties in the State university system and academies, which are major centres of adult education open to the public.’
    • ‘In Cain's view, there are three separate and distinct faculties at community colleges: academic, vocational, and adjunct.’
    department, school, division, section
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    1. 2.1 The teaching staff of a university or college, or of one of its departments or divisions, viewed as a body.
      ‘there were then no tenured women on the faculty’
      ‘the English faculty’
      • ‘The working students who come for the evening/part-time courses interact more freely and share ideas and insights with the faculty.’
      • ‘It survived on little money and few facilities, but its faculty included some of the finest minds from Europe, many having fled to America as refugees.’
      • ‘His regulatory background is the perfect fit to round out the expertise of the current faculty.’
      • ‘These are teaching institutions, staffed by faculty with heavy teaching loads.’
      • ‘Many faculty have the ability to succeed in jobs that have substantially higher compensation than academia.’
      • ‘The way he is going about selecting the faculty is an example of the exacting academic standards he has in mind for the school.’
      • ‘Well it put great strains on those teachers in the faculty who didn't know how to speak Latin.’
      • ‘The faculty will comprise numerous experts in the field.’
      • ‘He formerly was on the faculty of the University of Oklahoma, where he founded the graduate program in piano pedagogy.’
      • ‘Despite growth in some areas, women continue to be underrepresented on the faculty across the university.’
      • ‘The science faculty lacks such inclusiveness, mainly due to the many disparate courses that are available.’
      • ‘They pursued careers as doctors, accountants, engineers, and lawyers, and a good number joined the teaching faculties of major universities.’
      • ‘At the time of independence in 1950, the republic had few schools or university faculties.’
      • ‘There was the faculty to be selected and trained, lessons to be adapted from the curriculum, the school's funds and infrastructure to be managed.’
      • ‘Even faculty with competence in one or more foreign languages must shape their courses around this constraint.’
      • ‘The department has 29 staff members on the faculty and 36 residents in training.’
      • ‘Visiting faculty, master-craftspersons and two ‘mentors’ will teach the students.’
      • ‘The credentials and accomplishments of our faculty are phenomenal, and the awards and accolades they have received are too numerous to mention.’
      • ‘They ascend the academic ranks and make important policy decisions for divisions, departments, faculties, and the community.’
      • ‘From 1936-46 he served on the faculty of Osmania University teaching International Law.’
    2. 2.2dated The members of a particular profession, especially medicine, considered collectively.
      • ‘Aside from financial considerations and "turf wars," there was a genuine concern and reluctance of some of the obstetrical faculty to train family physicians in operative obstetrics.’
      • ‘To sustain and improve quality of training, the surgical faculty should develop expertise in education.’
  • 3A license or authorization from a Church authority.

    • ‘The canon lists several conditions which must be met for parish priests to exercise validly the faculty to confirm adults they baptize or receive into full communion.’
    • ‘Although the parish priest has no faculty from the law to confirm these people, he could seek from the diocesan bishop the concession of the faculty to confirm them.’
    • ‘When Ireland reviewed his credentials and saw he was a priest of the Byzantine church and a widower, Ireland refused to grant him faculties or permission to officiate.’
    authorization, authority, power, right, permission, consent, leave, sanction, licence, dispensation, assent, acquiescence, agreement, approval, seal of approval, approbation, endorsement, imprimatur, clearance
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Late Middle English: from Old French faculte, from Latin facultas, from facilis ‘easy’, from facere ‘make, do’.