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usually as modifierThe maximum or minimum value of a function.
‘The average concentration of the two extrema was taken to represent the average value of the metabolites during the oscillations.’
‘The extrema displayed in this figure reflect the rigidity property of the protein.’
‘Correlation coefficients showed multiple local extrema with a global maximum, and success in tracking generally relies on the presence of such a maximum at the correct x-y location within each search area.’
‘Trajectories x that solve Newton's equations are those that are extrema of the action A = [integral operator] L (x, v (t)) dt.’
‘The first step in solving such equations by the variational method is to show that the extremum is attained.’
Origin
Early 20th century: from Latin, neuter of extremus ‘utmost’ (see extreme).