Definition of extremity in English:

extremity

noun

  • 1The furthest point or limit of something.

    ‘the peninsula's western extremity’
    • ‘Although the Maginot Line stopped short of the Ardennes, much of this area consisted of steep hills covered by thick forest, and its western extremity was protected by the deep and wide River Meuse with its steeply escarped banks.’
    • ‘George felt a mild tingling sensation surge into the furthest extremities of his fingers and toes.’
    • ‘The North-East should be seen as a bridge to lands and opportunities beyond rather than as a cul-de-sac in a troublesome extremity of the country.’
    • ‘Cyprus's southern extremity is just 200 kilometres from the Suez Canal.’
    • ‘A starting box containing the female was connected to the central branch of the Y maze, and two peripheral boxes, containing the males, were placed at the extremity of the secondary branches.’
    • ‘Neither one of us knew what hazards and beats awaited us at the extremity of this path.’
    • ‘Fundamentally, there is little to choose between the extremities of right and left in politics.’
    • ‘The hotel boasts stunning sea views and lies at the southern extremity of the Sinai peninsula.’
    • ‘The eastern extremity of the peninsula is called Ackers Point.’
    • ‘At the western extremity of Florentine territory (in the outskirts of Pisa) was a historic Petrine site, the Romanesque church of San Piero a Grado.’
    • ‘The final major feature is Circus Rift, which is at the western extremity of the Upper Series.’
    • ‘For centuries it was part of a Roman burial ground, an unclean extremity lying beyond the walls of the City of London.’
    • ‘There was one occasion when house fires broke out at the same time in each extremity.’
    • ‘Angling is from the boat only, and these are based at Stronaclachar near the western extremity.’
    • ‘The town stands on a hill, and I was taken into the public garden at the extremity of the town.’
    • ‘Some linkage groups may correspond to the extremities of chromosomes yet are unlinked to the arm to which they belong.’
    • ‘We're dealing here with the rule and not the exception, the middle, not the extremities.’
    • ‘Set well back behind eroded cliffs close to the western extremity of St Abbs Head in Berwickshire, this is a boat dive in what could almost be described as a lagoon, protected from the chop and surge on the outside.’
    limit, end, edge, side, farthest point, boundary, border, frontier, boundary line, bound, bounding line, partition line, demarcation line, end point, cut-off point, termination
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    1. 1.1extremities The hands and feet.
      ‘tingling and numbness in the extremities’
      • ‘To prevent blacking out, I tighten every muscle in my lower extremities, from my stomach to the little tendons in my toes.’
      • ‘My whole mouth throbs with each heartbeat, a little movement coming to my extremities, allowing me to flex my fingers.’
      • ‘His limbs looked flabby, his extremities bloated, his gut rose and fell with the labor of his breathing.’
      • ‘Swelling can affect the extremities, especially the ankles and toes, often later in pregnancy.’
      • ‘I was beginning to feel cold, a shaky internal cold that started in my middle and spread out to my extremities.’
      • ‘Hyperthermic therapy and limb perfusion may be used on extremities.’
      • ‘When prey arrives they quickly seize its extremities, pulling on legs, arms and antennae until the hostage is rendered immobile.’
      • ‘Most occur in the deep soft tissues of the proximal extremities, especially the thigh.’
      • ‘Lukov was taken to the St. Ana hospital with a broken upper jaw, broken arm, medium brain injury and injuries in the extremities.’
      • ‘It is the breath that radiates outward from the navel to the arms and legs, literally bringing life energy to the extremities.’
      • ‘It affects blood vessels in the extremities such as fingers and toes.’
      • ‘With me, it's extreme neuralgic pain - a nerve pain - in my lower extremities, from my knees down to my feet.’
      • ‘Thin extremities with arthrogrypotic fourth finger contractures bilaterally were also noted.’
      • ‘He's lounging around, not so casually, swatting any tender, caring hands away from his injured extremities.’
      • ‘The circulating nurse placed a sequential compression device on Mr V's left arm and lower extremities.’
      • ‘If you're like me and dread the time when you must constrain your toes and suffocate your lower extremities, don't!’
      • ‘Later, the upper extremities develop a glove pattern sensory loss beginning in the fingertips and progressing up the arms.’
      • ‘The extremities, especially the arms, were most often involved by these lesions.’
      • ‘Following Nigel's advice, I made superhuman attempts to keep my extremities warm in sub human conditions of almost minus 40.’
      • ‘It is amazing to see a patient who can barely move his or her extremities put forth the effort to wiggle his or her fingers in my dog's soft fur.’
      hands and feet, fingers and toes, limbs
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  • 2The extreme degree or nature of something.

    ‘the extremity of the violence concerns us’
    • ‘First, administration officials exaggerated the extremity of the possible responses.’
    • ‘And what surprises me is the extremity of the view he now expresses.’
    • ‘Once New Zealand realises the extremity and the radical nature of what that man is proposing with tax and other financial matters, they will be mortified.’
    • ‘Now the people with whom she sits are ones drawn to her very extremity.’
    • ‘In Being and Time, Heidegger carried Emersonian subjectivity and self-reliance to a point of new extremity.’
    • ‘It soon becomes clear that there are no markers by which extremity can actually be determined, whether in sexual terms or any other.’
    • ‘In so doing, he rejects the historicist injunction of authoritatively re-enacting the extremity of the past in favor of a modernist staging of the uncertain history of the present.’
    • ‘It was evident in the extremity of his frown that Paul was trying to imagine what sort of a man could actually beat up Robert Matthews, and five others in the bargain-’
    • ‘The case of Vancouver's mass-murder of sex trade workers was rare because of its extremity, but violence on the stroll is nothing new.’
    • ‘I became alienated from everything that was going on around me - because of the violence and extremity of it.’
    • ‘It is the filmmakers of East Asia who've cornered the market in outrage and extremity.’
    • ‘But once we get beyond those clear points of extremity, I don't think we do find that there is consensus on what human rights are.’
    • ‘The intensity and extremity of this expansion of experience is paralleled by the deepening of communion, by which particularity and individuation are shared with others.’
    • ‘The letters manage to humanise his juxtapositions of emotional extremity and spiritual clarity.’
    • ‘For the meantime he could only smile as if the world were bright and wonderful and hope that the extremity of his happiness would tell them something had changed.’
    • ‘Indeed, the intensity of belonging to a culture of extremity is repeatedly amplified through the media.’
    • ‘She starts, too, from positions of provoking extremity… but passes rapidly from violent identification to a blank disbelief in what she has undertaken to say.’
    • ‘You practise, you train incessantly just for such climactic moments of extremity, to be asked the crucial questions, and then to deliver.’
    • ‘‘There are not enough exclamation marks in this universe to convey the extremity of my recoil from a statement so reality-impaired,’ he wrote.’
    • ‘I think it's certainly quite a lot of the comedy that I've been involved in is quite extreme, if you like, and the extremity is part of what's funny about it.’
    intensity, high degree, magnitude, acuteness, ferocity, vehemence, fierceness, violence, severity, seriousness, strength, power, powerfulness, potency, vigour, force, forcefulness, gravity, graveness, severeness, grievousness
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    1. 2.1 A condition of extreme adversity or difficulty.
      ‘the terror of an animal in extremity’
      • ‘Every scene enacts some moment of emotional extremity in which the characters are confronted by their inability to articulate their desires and react instead with violence and cruelty, the lees of love.’
      • ‘If we intervene only in extremity, only in order to stop mass murder and mass deportation, the idea that we are defending X's norms and not Y's is simply wrong.’
      • ‘Because man's extremity is God's opportunity!’
      • ‘This's a fair sketch of idiosyncrasy run amuck, but it's also a compelling portrait of mental and spiritual extremity.’
      • ‘Through the examples of the various characters' responses to radical hardship and extremity in the wake of the war's carnage, the film presents the act of killing as the basis of human degradation and loss of self.’
      • ‘My disappointment with Christian rock has always been its lack of extremity, of the aching sorrow or joy, the celebration or desperation that fuels the best rock and traditional black gospel music.’
      • ‘They are considered the Olympics of extremity.’
      • ‘You often go to sites of extremity, crisis, and conflict that too often are depicted in a stereotypical or sensationalized manner in the press.’
      • ‘In extremity, they rebelled and rioted with regularity and enthusiasm.’
      • ‘Since the criteria of her anthology require a poet to have personally experienced political or social extremity, technically her own work is disqualified.’
      • ‘Many will find fault with such writing, written in conditions of extremity, and which rely on the immediacies of direct address.’
      • ‘Yet the idea that some things should not be shown is persistent, and present even in extremity.’
      • ‘For the reader who doesn't share Harrison's fascination with physical extremity, though, the journey can seem less sensuous or revelatory than furtively pornographic.’
      dire straits, trouble, difficulty, hard times, hardship, adversity, misfortune, distress
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Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French extremite or Latin extremitas, from extremus ‘utmost’ (see extreme).

Pronunciation

extremity

/ikˈstremədē//ɪkˈstrɛmədi/