Definition of extraction in US English:



  • 1The action of taking out something, especially using effort or force.

    ‘mineral extraction’
    ‘a dental extraction’
    • ‘Individuals should attempt to avoid tooth extractions and other major dental work while on the drugs.’
    • ‘They wanted to stop Muldaren from having a quarry here and getting money for mineral extractions.’
    • ‘A critical challenge to the success of the insertions and extractions was the constant rotation of the supporting units.’
    • ‘It identified possible locations suitable for underground water extractions and looked at the directions of the underground water flow.’
    • ‘Volunteer dental surgeons are undertaking checkups, fillings, extractions and teeth cleaning.’
    • ‘These developments all contributed to massive surplus extractions from subsistence producers confined to the reserves.’
    • ‘When I commenced practice in Erris it was expected of doctors to undertake dental extractions and veterinary surgery.’
    • ‘So they explained to us and we developed some very little gestures and then we developed some extractions of those gestures.’
    • ‘This was followed by a further two extractions, and the dried extract homogenized in 1 ml assay buffer for DHT analysis.’
    • ‘This I learnt doing thousands of venom extractions.’
    • ‘Within the next 10-15 years mineral extractions, agriculture as we know it and associated business support services will be almost irrelevant.’
    • ‘It is important to remember that people who are profiting are not the people affected by the resource extractions.’
    • ‘DNA extractions were performed on single flies following the protocol of Di Franco et al..’
    • ‘Those who object to this should take a look at the children undergoing dental extractions for decay at an age when they are far too young to advocate fluoride in water.’
    • ‘Following digestion, each sample was purified with two phenol extractions and a single chloroform extraction.’
    • ‘New South Wales put a cap in place in 1993 for its water entitlements, its water extractions.’
    • ‘Repeated DNA extractions and genotyping analyses produced the same results, ruling out laboratory error.’
    • ‘It is significant that both Wells and Morton were specifically looking for a means of rendering dental extractions pain free.’
    • ‘Hydro-geologist Carol Lee-Ibbotoson said the two main risks at the site were quality and quantity and the adverse impact extractions would have on these.’
    • ‘If the problem is severe, you might opt for a professional back facial, with deep cleaning and extractions done by a dermatologist or aesthetician.’
    removal, taking out, drawing out, pulling out, extrication, wrenching out, tearing out, uprooting, withdrawal, unsheathing
    exaction, exacting, wresting, coercion, extortion
    squeezing, expressing, separation, pressing, obtaining, distillation
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  • 2with adjective The ethnic origin of someone's family.

    ‘a worker of Polish extraction’
    • ‘The Lucchesi family, of Italian extraction, have lived for many years in Dundalk.’
    • ‘Joseph Mercedes, a young man of Spanish extraction, from San Diego, Cal., is the latest claimant of unusual psychic powers.’
    • ‘The workers of Chinese extraction started dominating the dyeing department.’
    • ‘In the future, they ruled, the Portuguese or Spanish extraction of the candidate must be clear beyond any doubt.’
    descent, ancestry, parentage, ancestors, family
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Late Middle English: via Old French from late Latin extractio(n-), from Latin extrahere ‘draw out’ (see extract).