1Situated or occurring outside the body.
- ‘Despite postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, he arrested several times and eventually died of multiorgan failure.’
- ‘Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with extracorporeal warming is the gold standard treatment for patients with profound hypothermia.’
- ‘In one trial, inhaled nitric oxide reduced the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in neonates without increasing neurodevelopmental, behavioral or medical abnormalities at two years of age.’
- ‘An example of such a process was the United Kingdom extracorporeal membrane oxygenation collaborative trial in neonates.’
- ‘She developed respiratory distress at birth requiring placement on a ventilator, that progressively worsened, eventually requiring placement onto extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.’
- 1.1 Denoting a technique of lithotripsy using shock waves generated externally.
- ‘Renal calculi less than 2 cm in size can generally be treated with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.’
- ‘Another approach, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, uses shock waves to break up the stones into tiny pieces that can then pass easily out of the system.’
- ‘The other so-called revolutionary treatment is extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy, where gallstones are crushed by sound waves.’
- ‘Another method that may be applicable is the use of shock waves generated by extracorporeal lithotripters or lasers.’
- ‘Such procedures include magnetic resonance imaging, which is often used to evaluate internal organs, and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, which uses shock waves to break up large kidney stones.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.