1Situated or occurring outside the body.
- ‘In one trial, inhaled nitric oxide reduced the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in neonates without increasing neurodevelopmental, behavioral or medical abnormalities at two years of age.’
- ‘She developed respiratory distress at birth requiring placement on a ventilator, that progressively worsened, eventually requiring placement onto extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.’
- ‘Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with extracorporeal warming is the gold standard treatment for patients with profound hypothermia.’
- ‘An example of such a process was the United Kingdom extracorporeal membrane oxygenation collaborative trial in neonates.’
- ‘Despite postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, he arrested several times and eventually died of multiorgan failure.’
- 1.1 Denoting a technique of lithotripsy using shock waves generated externally.
- ‘Another method that may be applicable is the use of shock waves generated by extracorporeal lithotripters or lasers.’
- ‘Renal calculi less than 2 cm in size can generally be treated with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.’
- ‘The other so-called revolutionary treatment is extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy, where gallstones are crushed by sound waves.’
- ‘Such procedures include magnetic resonance imaging, which is often used to evaluate internal organs, and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, which uses shock waves to break up large kidney stones.’
- ‘Another approach, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, uses shock waves to break up the stones into tiny pieces that can then pass easily out of the system.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.