Definition of expire in US English:



  • 1no object (of a document, authorization, or agreement) cease to be valid, typically after a fixed period of time.

    ‘the old contract had expired’
    • ‘‘In this way, by 2011, when the 1961 Water Agreement expires, we will not need to renew it,’ he said.’
    • ‘The credit period extended by this Agreement shall expire in any event fifty-one weeks from the date of this Agreement.’
    • ‘The two sides agreed to resume negotiations a few minutes before midnight June 25 when the old agreement expired.’
    • ‘The nearly 10,000 flight attendants have been working without a new contract since their old agreement expired at the end of 1996.’
    • ‘It has been negotiating a new enterprise agreement with the union since the last document expired in December, 1999.’
    • ‘If you hate your current provider the end of your contract seems like a lifetime away but if you love your provider, you probably don't even know when your subscriber agreement expires.’
    • ‘A maximum of five refills may be authorized; if refills are indicated, the prescription expires six months from the date written.’
    • ‘The current five-year lease agreement expires in 2002.’
    • ‘The dairy price support program expires May 31, 2002.’
    • ‘Ex-patriots must make extra trips to the police station permit section if the documents often expire at different times.’
    • ‘An existing work agreement expires on August 14 and negotiations for a new one have broken down.’
    • ‘The agreement expires in September 2004 but already the International Monetary Fund has signalled that a new agreement will be discussed on September 23.’
    • ‘The company justified its refusal to rehire the contract workers by claiming that their work agreements had expired.’
    • ‘The last collective agreement expired in July 2002 but a new contract has not been established despite extensive negotiations and mediation.’
    • ‘The old collective agreement expired in May and talks began shortly thereafter.’
    • ‘He has since been taken into custody by Indian authorities because his visa expired.’
    • ‘At the end of all this, when the planning permission has expired, what will happen to the land at The Hoskers?’
    • ‘‘It was signed off before the old agreement had even expired,’ she said.’
    • ‘When her initial six-month agreement expired, she renewed and, by the end of the first year, had exceeded her targets.’
    • ‘You will of course be aware that unless the council decides otherwise, your Agreement will expire automatically on 31 March 2004 and no funding will be payable after then in any event.’
    run out, become invalid, become void, be no longer valid, lapse, cease, become obsolete
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    1. 1.1 (of a period of time) come to an end.
      ‘the three-year period has expired’
      • ‘The statement said he did not intend to leave office before his term expires in another five years.’
      • ‘His term expired at the end of this year's championship.’
      • ‘When his six-year term expired, his appointment was not renewed and he left Sydney on October 22, 1831.’
      • ‘That way he might leave the job when his term has expired with more allies than he has right now.’
      • ‘However, he isn't worried that, with two months expired since he left Turf Moor, he is still to find employment.’
      • ‘The National Conference president also predicted that he will not hand over reigns of power to Congress after his three year term expires in November 2005.’
      • ‘He himself will retire from the company next year when his second five-year term expires.’
      • ‘You were allowed to leave eight months before your term expired.’
      • ‘T will recover the use of the property when S's 25-year term expires.’
      • ‘There have been no indications on whether the team want him to stay beyond the summer of 2006 when his three-year term expires.’
      • ‘After his 10-month term expired, he requested a one-year renewal.’
      • ‘Nine days before his leave expired, on 5 August 1994, he applied for asylum.’
      • ‘The hyper-realism of his early work, captured in the first four spy movies, is an ancient memory, a golden age now expired.’
      • ‘The service costs US $10, and if the three-year period expires before the subscriber does, the customer can renew.’
      • ‘Pilots were also informed that they will be required to pay the full €15,000 cost of the training if they leave the airline before the five years has expired.’
      • ‘Second was the class of persons who had exceptional leave with a limit on duration, where that duration had not expired when they left and then returned to the United Kingdom.’
      • ‘The caption of the photograph of each Nominating Committee member identifies the person's job title and location and the year her term expires.’
      • ‘And yet today he faces a recall effort that could very well end his presidency two years before his term expires.’
      • ‘The president, whose five-year term expires in February next year, is constitutionally barred from seeking another term.’
      • ‘On payment of a dowry, the man enjoys full marital rights, with no ongoing responsibility for any resultant children once the stated term expires.’
      • ‘It would offer temporary work cards to illegals already in the country, but workers must leave after the period expires.’
  • 2no object (of a person) die.

    • ‘One of my fantasies involves covering the room with strong perfumes through some gadget that kicks in a few hours after I've presumably expired.’
    • ‘Two patients developed respiratory infection and expired during the hospital stay.’
    • ‘Although Laura's exertions keep her warm, the Damps give poor Sophia ‘a galloping Consumption’, and she soon expires, too.’
    • ‘If someone starves, a hero will give up their own food and die before letting that person expire.’
    • ‘My father expired in 1973, when we were all minors.’
    • ‘Igneous, who at times has been comical and brutal, transforms here, and when he finally expires, all alone but with love in his heart, it's a touching and sympathetic finale.’
    • ‘If two doctors agree that the condition has reached the point of no return then it should be agreed to let the person expire with dignity.’
    • ‘President Kennedy had been shot dead in Dallas a few hours before the writer expired, with the result that hardly any attention was paid to Huxley's achievements in the following day's newspapers.’
    • ‘The window of the room will be opened as the dying person expires to allow the spirit to escape the confines of the worldly building.’
    • ‘The mortality rate within the ghettos rose and people expired on the street.’
    • ‘Given their age and infirmity lots of these people have since expired - naturally - over the years.’
    • ‘I pity such detractors, because if their spirits were not massively moved by the tragedy of a great hero expiring on the battlefield, they must be blocks of stones.’
    • ‘According to school legend they were taken to the sanatorium, where they would expire after a week or so without ever being able to utter another word.’
    • ‘On the plus side, the fact that I'm here means I didn't expire in a blazing fireball.’
    • ‘When I limited her to one suitcase for our England trip the woman almost expired.’
    • ‘Our last Betamax player expired some ten years ago.’
    • ‘Forensic accounting is often regarded in the same way as forensic medicine, a resource only called upon when the patient has expired.’
    die, pass away, pass on, decease, perish, depart this life, be no more, breathe one's last, draw one's last breath, meet one's end, meet one's death, meet one's maker, give up the ghost, go to the great beyond, cross the great divide, shuffle off this mortal coil, go the way of all flesh, go the way of the flesh, go to one's last resting place
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  • 3technical with object Exhale (air) from the lung.

    • ‘The vocal cords vibrate when air is expired through the glottis, creating sound waves in the column of air within the pharynx, nose, and mouth.’
    • ‘The crowd seemed suddenly lifeless, as if all wind had expired from their lungs.’
    • ‘The drug is primarily metabolized by the lungs and expired as carbon dioxide.’
    • ‘An index of alcohol intoxication was measured with a fuel-cell analyzer in air expired after breath was held for 15 sec.’
    • ‘As the workload increased in the overhead exercise relative to the chest exercise, an increase in the quantity of air inspired and expired was observed.’
    breathe out, exhale, puff out, blow out, expel, emit
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Late Middle English: from Old French expirer, from Latin exspirare ‘breathe out’, from ex- ‘out’ + spirare ‘breathe’.