Definition of expend in English:



  • Spend or use up (a resource such as money, time, or energy)

    ‘we do not need to expend energy working on our marriage’
    • ‘Movement expends energy and can attract predators, and increased movement capacity may evolve only at the sacrifice of reproductive effort.’
    • ‘Their findings suggest that self-regulation involves exertion, which expends energy, depleting the available supply and impairing subsequent task performance.’
    • ‘A photon gains energy when it falls into the gravitational potential of an overdense region, and expends energy when it climbs back out.’
    • ‘Massachusetts enjoyed a qualified success with its militia by expending money and energy on the effort.’
    • ‘Under this sequence, the capitalist expends a sum of money M in buying materials and machinery and in paying wages.’
    • ‘All mountain activity was postponed and eager skiers were confined to the lowlands and forced to be resourceful in finding alternative ways of expending their energy.’
    • ‘While lipin in fat tissue influences the capacity of cells to store fat, lipin in muscle affects the rate at which the body expends energy and burns fat.’
    • ‘As such, this country's democratic values are contradicted, and seemingly mocked, as it expends military energy to suppress those who strive for self-determination.’
    • ‘You will be expending money that could better be spent on policing, which is what the budget is there for.’
    • ‘Why should they be expending precious resources and energy on saving these creatures?’
    • ‘He was too weak to move very much, expending any energy he had trying to breathe.’
    • ‘All the creative energy is expended in hyping and sales, with none left over for the product.’
    • ‘This person is unassuming and fun; she expends great energy in giving detailed answers and sets no time limits or out-of-bounds topics.’
    • ‘The government tries to be a middleman but is unable to arbitrate, so a lot of energy is expended on political issues.’
    • ‘SInce the country has not yet become self-reliant in terms of energy, it still expends vast sums of money protecting energy supplies.’
    • ‘A developer expends money on the project before planning permission is granted at his own risk.’
    • ‘Mostly, I am bitter that I spent so much time expending emotional energy towards ills that only existed in his mind.’
    • ‘What has been established is that lies were told and that much energy was expended on ensuring that the truth never got out.’
    • ‘Winning is all for the chess player, who expends enormous energy in each game he plays.’
    • ‘A cup of coffee in the morning can increase performance, but too much coffee expends energy and can create long-term exhaustion.’
    spend, pay out, lay out, disburse, dole out, get through, go through
    use up, use, utilize, make use of, consume, eat up, deplete, drain, sap
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Late Middle English: from Latin expendere, from ex- out + pendere weigh, pay Compare with spend.