Definition of expend in US English:



[with object]
  • Spend or use up (a resource such as money, time, or energy)

    ‘we do not need to expend energy working on our marriage’
    • ‘He was too weak to move very much, expending any energy he had trying to breathe.’
    • ‘Massachusetts enjoyed a qualified success with its militia by expending money and energy on the effort.’
    • ‘A developer expends money on the project before planning permission is granted at his own risk.’
    • ‘Why should they be expending precious resources and energy on saving these creatures?’
    • ‘Movement expends energy and can attract predators, and increased movement capacity may evolve only at the sacrifice of reproductive effort.’
    • ‘As such, this country's democratic values are contradicted, and seemingly mocked, as it expends military energy to suppress those who strive for self-determination.’
    • ‘SInce the country has not yet become self-reliant in terms of energy, it still expends vast sums of money protecting energy supplies.’
    • ‘This person is unassuming and fun; she expends great energy in giving detailed answers and sets no time limits or out-of-bounds topics.’
    • ‘What has been established is that lies were told and that much energy was expended on ensuring that the truth never got out.’
    • ‘All mountain activity was postponed and eager skiers were confined to the lowlands and forced to be resourceful in finding alternative ways of expending their energy.’
    • ‘A photon gains energy when it falls into the gravitational potential of an overdense region, and expends energy when it climbs back out.’
    • ‘Mostly, I am bitter that I spent so much time expending emotional energy towards ills that only existed in his mind.’
    • ‘Under this sequence, the capitalist expends a sum of money M in buying materials and machinery and in paying wages.’
    • ‘The government tries to be a middleman but is unable to arbitrate, so a lot of energy is expended on political issues.’
    • ‘Winning is all for the chess player, who expends enormous energy in each game he plays.’
    • ‘All the creative energy is expended in hyping and sales, with none left over for the product.’
    • ‘You will be expending money that could better be spent on policing, which is what the budget is there for.’
    • ‘Their findings suggest that self-regulation involves exertion, which expends energy, depleting the available supply and impairing subsequent task performance.’
    • ‘A cup of coffee in the morning can increase performance, but too much coffee expends energy and can create long-term exhaustion.’
    • ‘While lipin in fat tissue influences the capacity of cells to store fat, lipin in muscle affects the rate at which the body expends energy and burns fat.’
    spend, pay out, lay out, disburse, dole out, get through, go through
    use up, use, utilize, make use of, consume, eat up, deplete, drain, sap
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Late Middle English: from Latin expendere, from ex- ‘out’ + pendere ‘weigh, pay’. Compare with spend.