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A toxin released by a living bacterial cell into its surroundings.Compare with endotoxin
- ‘Pollitt's landmark work has shown that a bacterial exotoxin - Streptococcus bovis - has the capability to cause lamellar separation at the basement membrane of laminae of the foot.’
- ‘The diphtheria bacillus also secretes an exotoxin that can cause other symptoms such as inflammation of the heart.’
- ‘A particularly useful subject for studies with polymers has been the bacterial exotoxin [alpha] hemolysin, which forms large pores in lipid bilayers.’
- ‘The integrity of the gastrointestinal system is vital to preventing formation and release of exotoxins into systemic circulation.’
- ‘Scarlet fever usually follows an acute infection of the tonsils or skin by group A beta-hemolytic streptococci that produce an erythrogenic exotoxin.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.