Definition of excess in English:

excess

noun

  • 1An amount of something that is more than necessary, permitted, or desirable.

    ‘are you suffering from an excess of stress in your life?’
    • ‘A while back I criticised dogmatism among atheists as well as an excess of certainty in belief.’
    • ‘Concordant with this result, Tajima's test and Fu and Li's tests indicated an excess of singletons as expected under the rapid growth hypothesis.’
    • ‘But this is perhaps the inevitable result of a paucity of content trapped within an excess of style.’
    • ‘Any excess I have (up to the bag limit) are always kept with the skin on and frozen, to be used later as snapper bait.’
    • ‘But many of the same critics also complain about an excess of illegal immigration.’
    • ‘There was an excess of tools, a green house and a store of old seed.’
    • ‘In my experience of making salts of bases, it is sometimes actually advantageous to make the first sample with an excess of acid.’
    • ‘Potato prices have fallen recently, due mainly to an excess of old crop appearing on the market.’
    • ‘Over the millennia during which man has selected grape vines, he has chosen those capable of photosynthesizing an excess of sugars and storing them in berries.’
    • ‘The genealogy is close to star-shaped, so, as in the case of population growth, we expect an excess of rare variants in our sample relative to the standard neutral model.’
    • ‘I don't think that what is threatening France is an excess of the free market.’
    • ‘They had a surplus of raw power and an excess of drive.’
    • ‘The main problem with the show is that it suffers from an excess of style over content - kind of ironic, considering that the online industry has been bickering over that very issue for years.’
    • ‘Increased to 168 pages this year, it is the biggest book to date, and the final images were selected from an excess of 80,000 photographs taken in throughout the year.’
    • ‘Although useful in small amounts, an excess of these hormones continuously and over time, can damage the arteries and heart muscle and lead to the development of high blood pressure.’
    • ‘Presenting an excess of content in a minimum of time to an audience of diverse backgrounds is extremely difficult.’
    • ‘An additional 2 men and 7 women were dropped from the sample due to an excess of missing data.’
    • ‘As much as I don't want those resources put to ineffectual uses, I also don't want it to go to waste since it's not like there is an excess of resources to go around.’
    • ‘More content with his place in life, the male North African Muslim only went mad through an excess of religious fervor or the influence of hashish.’
    • ‘In the past I have sometimes criticised Nunn for an excess of novelistic detail.’
    • ‘We expected that recombination should induce an excess of reversals not expected under parallel evolution.’
    surplus, surfeit, overabundance, superabundance, superfluity, oversufficiency, profusion, plethora, glut
    remainder, rest, residue, remaining quantity, overflow, overspill
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    1. 1.1 The amount by which one quantity or number exceeds another.
      ‘the excess of imports over exports rose $1.4 billion’
      • ‘What they don't realize, or perhaps chose to ignore, is that the current surplus is merely an excess of collections over distributions.’
      • ‘The fact that reducing Quota or increasing milk herd size would tend to increase the likelihood of a milk excess in relation to Quota, cannot mean that they must be treated identically.’
      • ‘An excess of 20,000 tonnes went into US bond stores, counting against this year's quota.’
      • ‘For monthly incomes between 110 and 150 leva, the tax rate will be 15 per cent on the excess over 110 leva.’
      • ‘But when the central bank's CAR was higher than 8 percent of its monetary liabilities, the excess would be used to retire some of the perpetual notes.’
      • ‘Deflation will not subside until growth is sufficient to absorb the remaining excesses in production capacity, which may be greater than the official data show.’
      • ‘The operating ratio condensed the year-end result into a single figure: the average excess of operating expenses over operating revenues per day.’
      • ‘It was estimated that other government revenue was likely to be an additional 50 billion baht above target figure, leaving a total excess of 170 billion baht.’
      • ‘It is comprised of the results of past production, as the excess of output over consumption.’
      • ‘In this scenario, the country will plan to pay off the temporary excess of imports at a later time, with proceeds made from future export sales.’
      • ‘If your margin interest exceeds your investment income, you can carry over the excess until next year, she adds.’
      • ‘If however, the cash together with any other gains exceed your annual exemption you will be liable to capital gains tax on the excess at your marginal rate of tax.’
      • ‘Although there will be enough capacity to satisfy demand in 2006, the excess of capacity over consumption will begin to shrink.’
      • ‘Could you explain how this structure is joined together, what we call here the golden thread that runs through people related issues in an organisation with excess of 40,000 employees?’
      • ‘The average excess on contents policies is £50 - £100, but some insurers allow £500 or more.’
      • ‘She would've owed only the 6% tax for each year the excess remained in the IRA.’
      • ‘Just to define the terms a little bit, the trade deficit is the excess of our imports of goods over our exports of goods.’
      • ‘Total number of policies issued stand at more than 5.5 lakh and total sum assured is in the excess of Rs 13,000 crore, it said.’
      • ‘Under the circumstance, the liquidity excess, which stood at around 700 billion baht now, would begin to decrease, she stated.’
      • ‘The gradient of risk with blood pressure was steeper for fatal than non-fatal stroke, reflecting a relative excess of haemorrhagic strokes among fatal events.’
      • ‘Even then, the number 2 will only be worth the percentage of the excess over the quota divided by the total number of votes the first preference candidate has gathered.’
      remainder, rest, residue, remaining quantity, overflow, overspill
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    2. 1.2 The action of exceeding a permitted limit.
      ‘there is no issue as to excess of jurisdiction’
      • ‘We've witnessed a lot of reckless Credit and speculative excess over the years.’
      • ‘The piece calls attention to the waste and excess of postindustrial society.’
      • ‘In terms of excess of jurisdiction or denial of natural justice?’
      • ‘But Shanahan's isn't about bargain food, it's the acceptable face of excess.’
      • ‘No doubt about it, reckless money and credit excess has been running unabated.’
      • ‘Your reporter goes on to state that I have been ordered by a court now not to engage in politics - an almost unimaginable excess of jurisdiction.’
      • ‘That an 18 year old athlete should have a double chin just a couple of months after a foot injury is a throwback to the 1980's when excess was acceptable.’
      • ‘We are now beginning to pay what will be a very heavy price for reckless excess.’
      • ‘Sooner or later the sheer magnitude of the waste and excess caused by the present patent system will lead to reform, and they will not be able to prevent it.’
      • ‘A group of tweenie girls set about rescuing a beleaguered tree living next to a landfill in this spirited play about the dangers of corporate excess and waste.’
      • ‘In a democracy, we need every possible means of limiting the scope for excess by those governing us.’
      • ‘Since they were available, they could be approached in the event of miscarriage of justice, or excess of jurisdiction, elsewhere.’
      • ‘It's failure is based on unrivalled extravagance and excess, poor management and a desire to ignore any form of business or common sense.’
      • ‘The only arena in which Moderate Muslims permit excess is in idealism.’
      • ‘Because, every now and again, a bit of complete excess is perfectly acceptable.’
      • ‘My own hospitality paled in comparison with the stories that circulated in medical circles, but my sense of entitlement rationalised this greed and excess as harmless and acceptable.’
      • ‘Also, the toxins from this excess waste matter can be reabsorbed into the bloodstream and circulated throughout the body, causing many problems.’
      • ‘Capitalism permits excess and stupidity for brief periods.’
      • ‘Constantly strive to eliminate all forms of excess and waste; improve productivity at a rate that is roughly twice the industry average.’
      • ‘They discovered that they can survive on the waste and excess of the mainstream (i.e abandoned buildings used for housing).’
      profligacy, lack of thrift, unthriftiness, thriftlessness, improvidence, wastefulness, waste, overspending, prodigality, squandering, lavishness
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  • 2Lack of moderation in an activity, especially eating or drinking.

    ‘bouts of alcoholic excess’
    • ‘Among younger and single women binge-drinkers, alcoholic excess is associated with the pursuit of a sexual partner and, in some cases, with low self-esteem.’
    • ‘His last years were characterized by disillusionment, drunkenness, and excess, and he committed suicide in Leningrad, writing his last poem in his own blood.’
    • ‘With the slew of people in there, it's the typically small percentage that ‘see their great night wasted’ through violent excess.’
    • ‘There have long been epidemiological suggestions that lack of fibre or excess of red meat in the diet is to blame.’
    • ‘For young people with few prospects beyond stolid lives punctuated by bouts of alcoholic excess, it's easy to understand the allure of more irreverent, less traditional ways of life.’
    • ‘To some extent, it appears to function as a cautionary tale, preaching moderation: excess, it warns, finishes you off quicker than boredom.’
    • ‘To top a life of drink and drug excess, the best possible career move in the music business is death.’
    • ‘Surely it is true that, if the choice must be made between the total abstinence in use of alcoholic beverages and excess, then the choice is total abstinence.’
    • ‘Caught in a downward spiral of depression, dissipation and alcoholic excess, Boswell died on 19 May 1795.’
    • ‘Sadly, it was also a pretty good way to harm themselves with legal problems or health issues resulting from excess.’
    • ‘Nestled in the pristine Alps, its resorts provide great skiing in the lap of luxury, but Saint Moritz isn't just about reckless excess.’
    • ‘When I finally released the pressure, it ran up the wall, looking more like a drunken man after a nite of alcoholic excess.’
    • ‘Hundreds of fans pressed around the Paris grave of The Doors cult singer Jim Morrison yesterday, 30 years after drug and drink excess claimed his life.’
    • ‘Now women are fast catching up in the race to alcoholic excess.’
    • ‘The social and emotional costs of alcoholic excess are also well documented.’
    • ‘Extravagant names, colourful excess, intoxicating variety - sweets are a model of human inventiveness and exuberance.’
    • ‘Yet such indulgence is often the way, as people laugh off alcoholic excess while working themselves into a righteous moral lather over something smelly in a cigarette.’
    • ‘Minors are clearly not allowed and no excess drinking please!’
    • ‘Alcoholic excess is certainly nothing for a political leader to boast about.’
    • ‘Just to show that we haven't lost our edge when it comes to alcoholic excess, may I present for your delectation and delight…’
    overindulgence, overconsumption, intemperance, intemperateness, immoderation, profligacy, lack of restraint, prodigality, lavishness, excessiveness, extravagance, decadence, self-indulgence, self-gratification, debauchery, dissipation, dissolution, dissoluteness
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    1. 2.1excesses Outrageous or immoderate behavior.
      ‘the worst excesses of the French Revolution’
      • ‘After the excesses of New Year's Eve, today's the day to pledge a healthier lifestyle for 2003.’
      • ‘There are no mentions of mass starvation, torture, concentration camps or the excesses of the current regime.’
      • ‘Moreover, the proportion of excesses for incidence and mortality was very similar.’

adjective

  • attributive Exceeding a prescribed or desirable amount.

    ‘trim any excess fat off the meat’
    • ‘His pulse increased and he began to sweat excess amounts.’
    • ‘‘A tiny amount of excess food’ translates very nearly into ‘sweeties’.’
    • ‘His hand tingled, almost burned, where he held his sword, and the moment their lips made contact there was suddenly an excess amount of blinding bright light.’
    • ‘I had a good time, but I'm really tired this morning, and I have an excess amount of junk food left at my house that I need to get rid of.’
    • ‘Statistics reveal that minimum temperatures have little to do with the excess winter mortality rates.’
    • ‘Fat cells produce excess amounts of the female hormone oestrogen, which can speed up the natural process of cell division and so lead to a higher risk of a cancer cell being formed.’
    • ‘The small amount of excess water molecules in the reaction are released as water vapor, says Shimshon Gottesfeld, chief technology officer at MTI.’
    • ‘This overreaction makes your body produce excess amounts of the stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol, which can make you hyperalert and anxious.’
    • ‘False negatives: samples exposed to light will show decreased amounts of bilirubin; excess levels of ascorbic acid.’
    • ‘Health professionals define ‘overweight’ as an excess amount of body weight that includes muscles, bone, fat and water.’
    • ‘Minor side effects from the gum include lightheadedness, nausea, mouth and throat irritation, hiccups, and an excess amount of saliva.’
    • ‘So if you increase the amount of excess carbs you eat, you can increase your fat stores and add unwanted size to your physique.’
    • ‘But even a small amount of excess sodium causes bloating.’
    • ‘The teenager admitted charges of dangerous driving, driving with excess alcohol and driving while unfit through drugs, when he appeared in court.’
    • ‘It is nearly impossible to ingest beta carotene in toxic amounts, since the body will not convert excess amounts to toxic levels of vitamin A.’
    • ‘The model is thus suggesting that this amount of excess travel time compared to the freeflow travel time, is less for the lower speed limits than it is for the 60 km/h limit.’
    • ‘This powerful neurotransmitter is a key player in the brain's learning centers, and excess amounts create deeply embedded memories of drinking.’
    • ‘Minor side effects include light-headedness, nausea, sore mouth, sore throat, hiccups and excess amount of saliva.’
    • ‘It is important to limit nickel content to the level needed for control of pearlite; excess nickel increases the amount of retained austenite and lowers hardness.’
    • ‘The blade is polycarbonate, and is reinforced with deep ribs that add a huge amount of strength without excess weight.’
    surplus, superfluous, spare, redundant, unwanted, unneeded, unused, excessive, leftover
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Phrases

  • in (or to) excess

    • Exceeding the proper amount or degree.

      ‘she insisted that he did not drink to excess’
      • ‘There is no reason why there shouldn't be a continental-style culture where people go out to eat and socialise without drinking to excess.’
      • ‘These days, I drink to excess, and then wake up at six in the morning, grumpy, tired, dizzy, hungover and unable to go back to sleep.’
      • ‘Normally in short supply, it is found in excess amounts in up to half of all types of malignant tumors.’
      • ‘New Zealand has a degree of tolerance for drinking to excess that I think is greater than that of any other country in the world.’
      • ‘There is one loose story arc, involving the Geek from Texas who finds out he can drink to excess and actually win a best-bod contest.’
      • ‘The campaign theme, Think before you Drink Less is More, is aimed at young people who, on a single occasion drink to excess.’
      • ‘The stalks contain oxalic acid, which is harmful if eaten to excess, but the amounts are no greater than those in spinach and chard, for example.’
      • ‘Eating and drinking to excess cause many of our diseases and infirmities.’
      • ‘The problem is some of the people who drink are idiots, and correct me if I'm wrong but idiots have been drinking to excess as long as there have been idiots.’
      • ‘The lesson is: don't eat fatty foods in excess, don't drink in excess, don't smoke at all, and keep fit.’
      • ‘There were big screens, pubs showing the match and opportunities before and after it for men to get together and talk about football and drink to excess.’
      • ‘We could all go to the pub in party hats, drink to excess, and then count down each of the final ten seconds before February 24th arrives.’
      • ‘After last night's game, I got back to my much preferred lifestyle; namely, drinking and smoking to excess.’
      • ‘‘Early on in the evening they had been calm and polite and were not drinking to excess,’ she said.’
      • ‘Eating and drinking to excess may have felt good at the time but those fatty mince pies and toxin-laden tipples have devastating effects on our health.’
      • ‘This and many other traumas took an inevitable toll on her after the war, and led her to drink to excess, burst into tirades and complain of depression to her doctor.’
      • ‘He thought people also drank to excess because young people had more disposable income than ever before.’
      • ‘On Christmas Eve, 10 years ago, she was hooked up to various machines in hospital after drinking to excess.’
      • ‘That's the view of publicans who feel they cannot be held solely responsible for underage drinking or those who drink to excess.’
      • ‘Having bought the car that evening he drank to excess so much that six hours after the crash, when he gave a test, he was still more than twice over the alcohol limit.’
  • in excess of

    • More than; exceeding.

      ‘a top speed in excess of 20 knots’
      • ‘Anthony revved the engine of the BMW on the main road doing well in excess of the speed limit.’
      • ‘A sum in excess of 700 was raised on the night and this has been handed over to the red cross.’
      • ‘The sum raised was well in excess of £2,500 which will be a welcome boost to church funds.’
      • ‘The state achieved a production in excess of 4 lakh tonne for the first time last year.’
      • ‘On a rough count I'm now getting in excess of 300 unsolicited mailings each and every day.’
      • ‘It will be a great attraction and should draw a crowd in excess of 10,000 spectators.’
      • ‘To some extent, you can't blame them when it sold in excess of 13 million copies.’
      • ‘The total value of the three contracts will be worth in excess of £100 million annually.’
      • ‘Is it just a glorified car boot sale that costs the ratepayers in excess of £300,000?’
      • ‘It was a special club draw for clubs selling in excess of twenty tickets above the quota.’
      • ‘I agree one should not fork out in excess of four to five times the average weekly wage for any computer based on looks.’
      • ‘It is now a national project and serves in excess of 20,000 children a year.’
      • ‘In the publishing industry at large, there are few jobs which pay in excess of 100,000 a year.’
      • ‘The reason the house was uninhabited is that it needs in excess of £40,000 worth of work.’
      • ‘The rocket left the pad, reaching a velocity in excess of five times the speed of sound in a couple of seconds.’
      • ‘It has a population in excess of 900 which is more than many rural villages in the county.’
      • ‘He'd lived a very frugal life and with canny investments left an estate in excess of £3m.’
      • ‘At peak times staff were taking in excess of 600 calls an hour and working extremely long hours.’
      • ‘Dr Adeley said as far as he was concerned Kaygun was travelling in excess of the speed limit.’
      • ‘Instead, the cameras do one simple job - they detect speeds in excess of a fixed speed limit.’
      more than, over, above, over and above, upwards of, beyond
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Origin

Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin excessus, from excedere ‘go out, surpass’ (see exceed).

Pronunciation