Definition of excavation in English:



  • 1The action of excavating something, especially an archaeological site.

    ‘the methods of excavation have to be extremely rigorous’
    ‘students often participate in excavations’
    • ‘It is an aspect of excavation and construction that you cannot afford to ignore.’
    • ‘The excavation has shown the archaeological enclosure to be already disturbed through modern activity.’
    • ‘He did a lot for archaeology: he was the father of scientific excavation.’
    • ‘After earlier survey and excavation, the cist was relocated this summer.’
    • ‘No one has ever carried out a systematic survey or excavation on the wreck site or indeed the mutineer settlement.’
    • ‘There are important implications revealed from archaeological excavations of these sites.’
    • ‘These questions can only be answered through the careful archaeological excavation of the site.’
    • ‘The only way to address the many unanswered questions on this site has been through a new campaign of excavation.’
    • ‘The initial phase of the archaeological excavation at Woodstown has just been completed.’
    • ‘Because of this he felt that excavation should be undertaken only under proper archaeological supervision.’
    • ‘Details on his archaeological excavations on early Maine sites can be found here.’
    • ‘Earlier this month, English Heritage visited Urswick and asked for a more detailed survey and excavation of the site to be carried out.’
    • ‘The road needs to be re-routed to facilitate the full excavation of the Woodstown site and surrounding areas.’
    • ‘After nearly two decades of excavation, the Carranque Archaeological Park is now open to the public.’
    • ‘The sites around West Drayton and Acton will see new excavation to address problems of their dating.’
    • ‘British archaeologist who pioneered the application of stratigraphic excavation in the Near East.’
    • ‘Consistent excavation and sampling methods were employed throughout these units.’
    • ‘The archaeological excavation uncovered what was once a thriving church community.’
    • ‘The amount of scientific work that occurs on site, during excavation, is unprecedented.’
    • ‘Several are regularly involved with excavation under the supervision of experienced archaeologists.’
    unearthing, digging up, uncovering, revealing
    digging, digging out, hollowing out, scooping out, gouging, boring, channelling, sinking
    hole, hollow, cavity, pit, crater, cutting, trench, trough
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    1. 1.1 A site that is being or has been excavated.
      • ‘Anozie headed excavations at the site of Saikiripogu in December 1975 and January 1976.’
      • ‘There are several potential disasters waiting to occur at each excavation site.’
      • ‘A raised viewing platform will also allow visitors to the site to watch the excavations being worked on without intruding on the dig.’
      • ‘Peske trenched garden beds at both sites, recovering very little cultural material from these excavations.’
      • ‘Dunadd was excavated twice before the modern excavations.’
      • ‘Archeological excavations show that mound tombs constructed in this time were all very similar and yet widely distributed.’
      • ‘The building site was excavated on two separate levels to minimize excavation costs on a steep slope.’
      • ‘Imported materials found during excavations indicate that the oppidum played an important role in trade between Italy and central Gaul.’
      • ‘The categories dictate how the walls of excavations and trenches are cut back or sloped.’
      • ‘The excavations have exposed two Norman rubbish pits containing twelfth-century ceramics and animal bones.’
      • ‘Has Wideford excavation revealed site of Orkney's oldest settlement?’
      • ‘Above, a group working near Tuba City in 1942 at the site of the Dilophosaurus excavation.’
      • ‘The growth of black rat populations is being traced through analysis of rat bones from excavations.’
      • ‘With our trenches and relatively tiny area excavations we do not appreciate the scale of what they must have seen.’
      • ‘The undercarriage struck soil that had been piled up from a ditch excavation and flipped the aircraft.’
      • ‘A fantastic opportunity to take a tour of a live archaeological excavation with York Archaeological Trust.’
      • ‘David M. Gradwohl and Jerry Sloan shared information regarding the excavations and data recovery at both sites.’
      hole, hollow, cavity, pit, crater, cutting, trench, trough
      View synonyms