Definition of excavation in English:



  • 1The action of excavating something, especially an archaeological site.

    ‘the methods of excavation have to be extremely rigorous’
    ‘students often participate in excavations’
    • ‘After nearly two decades of excavation, the Carranque Archaeological Park is now open to the public.’
    • ‘The road needs to be re-routed to facilitate the full excavation of the Woodstown site and surrounding areas.’
    • ‘No one has ever carried out a systematic survey or excavation on the wreck site or indeed the mutineer settlement.’
    • ‘The only way to address the many unanswered questions on this site has been through a new campaign of excavation.’
    • ‘British archaeologist who pioneered the application of stratigraphic excavation in the Near East.’
    • ‘After earlier survey and excavation, the cist was relocated this summer.’
    • ‘The sites around West Drayton and Acton will see new excavation to address problems of their dating.’
    • ‘The initial phase of the archaeological excavation at Woodstown has just been completed.’
    • ‘Earlier this month, English Heritage visited Urswick and asked for a more detailed survey and excavation of the site to be carried out.’
    • ‘The archaeological excavation uncovered what was once a thriving church community.’
    • ‘The excavation has shown the archaeological enclosure to be already disturbed through modern activity.’
    • ‘There are important implications revealed from archaeological excavations of these sites.’
    • ‘Consistent excavation and sampling methods were employed throughout these units.’
    • ‘These questions can only be answered through the careful archaeological excavation of the site.’
    • ‘The amount of scientific work that occurs on site, during excavation, is unprecedented.’
    • ‘Several are regularly involved with excavation under the supervision of experienced archaeologists.’
    • ‘Details on his archaeological excavations on early Maine sites can be found here.’
    • ‘Because of this he felt that excavation should be undertaken only under proper archaeological supervision.’
    • ‘He did a lot for archaeology: he was the father of scientific excavation.’
    • ‘It is an aspect of excavation and construction that you cannot afford to ignore.’
    unearthing, digging up, uncovering, revealing
    digging, digging out, hollowing out, scooping out, gouging, boring, channelling, sinking
    hole, hollow, cavity, pit, crater, cutting, trench, trough
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    1. 1.1 A site that is being or has been excavated.
      • ‘The growth of black rat populations is being traced through analysis of rat bones from excavations.’
      • ‘The categories dictate how the walls of excavations and trenches are cut back or sloped.’
      • ‘The excavations have exposed two Norman rubbish pits containing twelfth-century ceramics and animal bones.’
      • ‘The undercarriage struck soil that had been piled up from a ditch excavation and flipped the aircraft.’
      • ‘Anozie headed excavations at the site of Saikiripogu in December 1975 and January 1976.’
      • ‘There are several potential disasters waiting to occur at each excavation site.’
      • ‘Above, a group working near Tuba City in 1942 at the site of the Dilophosaurus excavation.’
      • ‘With our trenches and relatively tiny area excavations we do not appreciate the scale of what they must have seen.’
      • ‘Archeological excavations show that mound tombs constructed in this time were all very similar and yet widely distributed.’
      • ‘Has Wideford excavation revealed site of Orkney's oldest settlement?’
      • ‘The building site was excavated on two separate levels to minimize excavation costs on a steep slope.’
      • ‘A fantastic opportunity to take a tour of a live archaeological excavation with York Archaeological Trust.’
      • ‘Dunadd was excavated twice before the modern excavations.’
      • ‘David M. Gradwohl and Jerry Sloan shared information regarding the excavations and data recovery at both sites.’
      • ‘Imported materials found during excavations indicate that the oppidum played an important role in trade between Italy and central Gaul.’
      • ‘Peske trenched garden beds at both sites, recovering very little cultural material from these excavations.’
      • ‘A raised viewing platform will also allow visitors to the site to watch the excavations being worked on without intruding on the dig.’
      hole, hollow, cavity, pit, crater, cutting, trench, trough
      View synonyms