Definition of excavation in US English:



  • 1The action of excavating something, especially an archaeological site.

    ‘the methods of excavation have to be extremely rigorous’
    ‘students often participate in excavations’
    • ‘He did a lot for archaeology: he was the father of scientific excavation.’
    • ‘The excavation has shown the archaeological enclosure to be already disturbed through modern activity.’
    • ‘After earlier survey and excavation, the cist was relocated this summer.’
    • ‘There are important implications revealed from archaeological excavations of these sites.’
    • ‘The initial phase of the archaeological excavation at Woodstown has just been completed.’
    • ‘Earlier this month, English Heritage visited Urswick and asked for a more detailed survey and excavation of the site to be carried out.’
    • ‘Details on his archaeological excavations on early Maine sites can be found here.’
    • ‘The archaeological excavation uncovered what was once a thriving church community.’
    • ‘The amount of scientific work that occurs on site, during excavation, is unprecedented.’
    • ‘Because of this he felt that excavation should be undertaken only under proper archaeological supervision.’
    • ‘No one has ever carried out a systematic survey or excavation on the wreck site or indeed the mutineer settlement.’
    • ‘The sites around West Drayton and Acton will see new excavation to address problems of their dating.’
    • ‘The road needs to be re-routed to facilitate the full excavation of the Woodstown site and surrounding areas.’
    • ‘These questions can only be answered through the careful archaeological excavation of the site.’
    • ‘After nearly two decades of excavation, the Carranque Archaeological Park is now open to the public.’
    • ‘British archaeologist who pioneered the application of stratigraphic excavation in the Near East.’
    • ‘It is an aspect of excavation and construction that you cannot afford to ignore.’
    • ‘Consistent excavation and sampling methods were employed throughout these units.’
    • ‘The only way to address the many unanswered questions on this site has been through a new campaign of excavation.’
    • ‘Several are regularly involved with excavation under the supervision of experienced archaeologists.’
    unearthing, digging up, uncovering, revealing
    digging, digging out, hollowing out, scooping out, gouging, boring, channelling, sinking
    hole, hollow, cavity, pit, crater, cutting, trench, trough
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    1. 1.1 A site that is being or has been excavated.
      • ‘Has Wideford excavation revealed site of Orkney's oldest settlement?’
      • ‘Imported materials found during excavations indicate that the oppidum played an important role in trade between Italy and central Gaul.’
      • ‘A raised viewing platform will also allow visitors to the site to watch the excavations being worked on without intruding on the dig.’
      • ‘The growth of black rat populations is being traced through analysis of rat bones from excavations.’
      • ‘Peske trenched garden beds at both sites, recovering very little cultural material from these excavations.’
      • ‘A fantastic opportunity to take a tour of a live archaeological excavation with York Archaeological Trust.’
      • ‘With our trenches and relatively tiny area excavations we do not appreciate the scale of what they must have seen.’
      • ‘The excavations have exposed two Norman rubbish pits containing twelfth-century ceramics and animal bones.’
      • ‘Anozie headed excavations at the site of Saikiripogu in December 1975 and January 1976.’
      • ‘Above, a group working near Tuba City in 1942 at the site of the Dilophosaurus excavation.’
      • ‘The building site was excavated on two separate levels to minimize excavation costs on a steep slope.’
      • ‘Archeological excavations show that mound tombs constructed in this time were all very similar and yet widely distributed.’
      • ‘David M. Gradwohl and Jerry Sloan shared information regarding the excavations and data recovery at both sites.’
      • ‘There are several potential disasters waiting to occur at each excavation site.’
      • ‘The undercarriage struck soil that had been piled up from a ditch excavation and flipped the aircraft.’
      • ‘Dunadd was excavated twice before the modern excavations.’
      • ‘The categories dictate how the walls of excavations and trenches are cut back or sloped.’
      hole, hollow, cavity, pit, crater, cutting, trench, trough
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