Definition of examine in US English:



[with object]
  • 1Inspect (someone or something) in detail to determine their nature or condition; investigate thoroughly.

    ‘a doctor examined me and said I might need a caesarean’
    ‘this forced us to examine every facet of our business’
    • ‘On the other hand, a truly creative person thoroughly examines the failure to identify what went wrong and why.’
    • ‘Yes, must look and thoroughly examine the present state of cuticles.’
    • ‘This paper carefully and thoroughly examines the numerical relationships between the two documents.’
    • ‘This study examines social location to explore the impact it may or may not have on fathering styles.’
    • ‘He took his reins and went up to the rail, making a show of examining the Arabian thoroughly.’
    • ‘She was worried because the tot had just been discharged from hospital after doctors had to examine a lump in her neck.’
    • ‘Today, building inspectors were examining the sub-post office in a row of cottages to see if the wall where the machine was fitted is safe.’
    • ‘This editorial examines the evidence to determine whether such treatment is justified.’
    • ‘Security personnel thoroughly examined all vehicles entering the House complex.’
    • ‘Another approach is to examine the area thoroughly, with the benefit of informative and informed opinion.’
    • ‘However, he said that he would make a report, and that an inspector would examine the area.’
    • ‘Fire investigators will examine the building thoroughly to determine how the fire started.’
    • ‘A local government pay commission has been set up to examine the pay and conditions of council workers.’
    • ‘The doctor can examine the size and texture of the lump and determine whether the lump moves easily.’
    • ‘Letting his emotions get a hold of him and speaking without thoroughly examining the situation.’
    • ‘Bone marrow smears were examined to determine the extent of genotoxicity after particular treatment times.’
    • ‘But the important first step was to examine it critically and determine its truth.’
    • ‘At the moment the Corporation has one part-time inspector, who examines rented properties around the City.’
    • ‘The possible presence of pollenkitt was determined by examining fresh pollen with an optical microscope.’
    • ‘We will be thoroughly examining the processes being used to carry out this research.’
    • ‘They say that there should be an independent prison inspector to examine the situation.’
    inspect, survey, scrutinize, look at, look into, enquire into, study, investigate, scan, sift, delve into, dig into, explore, probe, check out, consider, appraise, weigh, weigh up, analyse, review, vet
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  • 2Test the knowledge or proficiency of (someone) by requiring them to answer questions or perform tasks.

    ‘the colleges set standards by examining candidates’
    • ‘Every aspect of Davies's managerial ability will be examined in answering those questions.’
    • ‘As well as examining their overall mechanical performance, the tests sought to test the ideas generated in the last section.’
    • ‘Another characteristic of this view of music education is an emphasis on testing and examining.’
    • ‘Among all these tests, one of the areas of function that is examined most scrupulously is mental ability.’
    • ‘Through the diary we know how well every student that Steklov examined performed in their examination.’
    test, quiz, question, set an examination for
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  • 3Law
    Formally question (a witness) in court.

    Compare with cross-examine
    • ‘Newbrook will be formally examined by defense committee lawyers in the near future.’
    • ‘He summons and examines the appellant; he may consult another practitioner.’
    • ‘If they speak to sheriff's officers and so on, we go into all these things and they are examined in courts of law.’
    • ‘The plaintiffs were examined for discovery for three days and the Hull defendants for three days.’
    • ‘The Appellant was examined by Dr. Reeves a Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist for the Defence.’
    • ‘Inquests are usually held in public, with witnesses being examined by the coroner and interested parties.’
    • ‘Sloane is one of the other and Ranse is the other; they were both examined by Justice Powell.’
    • ‘One therefore turns to examine whether the Claimant can pray in aid any words added by amendment to the Convention.’
    • ‘No one appears to have examined the complainant for any injuries and we conclude that there were none.’
    • ‘The Petitioner's solicitor did request an adjournment to examine the Respondent.’
    interrogate, put questions to, ask questions of, quiz, question, cross-examine, cross-question
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Middle English: from Old French examiner, from Latin examinare ‘weigh, test’, from examen ‘examination’.