Definition of examination in English:

examination

noun

  • 1A detailed inspection or investigation.

    ‘an examination of marketing behavior’
    ‘a medical examination is conducted without delay’
    • ‘The authors advocate this management option in those patients who can be followed closely with clinical and radiological examinations.’
    • ‘Seventeen of his patients had fatal angina confirmed by autopsy examinations.’
    • ‘Neurological examinations are performed by the neurologist or surgeon during this part of the procedure.’
    • ‘These variations would have been found in surgical exploration and, most of them, in radiologic examinations.’
    • ‘A neurological examination is performed to look for any signs of brain dysfunction.’
    • ‘Neurologic and vascular examinations of the upper extremity should be completed and documented.’
    • ‘A closer examination of this study and of the literature, however, puts the problem into perspective.’
    • ‘Radiologic and cytologic examinations may cause misinterpretation of such lesions as thyroid tumors.’
    • ‘Neurological examination between seizures had normal results, and otherwise she was completely well.’
    • ‘You will be asked about your medical history and you will have a full examination, including checks on your heart and lungs.’
    • ‘Screening clinical and functional examinations preceded CT studies of the lungs.’
    • ‘Careful physical and neurologic examinations can enable the physician to exclude organic causes.’
    • ‘Yearly ophthalmological examinations are important to assess for retinopathy.’
    • ‘One independent experienced radiologist evaluated all the MRI examinations.’
    • ‘Detailed shoulder examinations were performed of both sides to assess range of motion, strength, and stability.’
    • ‘The other physical findings and neurologic examinations were unremarkable.’
    • ‘This includes more ultrasound examinations to detect intrauterine growth retardation.’
    • ‘Ophthalmological examination showed bilateral cataracts by 3 weeks of age.’
    • ‘Management begins with a careful examination to rule out neurologic or vascular deficits.’
    • ‘ECG and cardiac ultrasound examinations were reviewed by a cardiologist.’
    • ‘But the BMJ queried whether these conclusions had been drawn from an examination of the study's raw data.’
    scrutiny, inspection, perusal, study, scanning, vetting, investigation, exploration, consideration, analysis, appraisal, evaluation
    inspection, check, check-up, assessment, review, appraisal
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    1. 1.1 The action or process of conducting an inspection or investigation.
      ‘the treaty is under examination by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee’
      • ‘Most impressive was the solid critical examination the exhibit gave to issues of race and gender.’
      • ‘How we are to know that it is good for us without thorough examination through parliamentary processes is not explained.’
      • ‘Ordinary critical examination of sources, indeed, any effort to discover the truth, was regarded as a serious moral lapse.’
      • ‘He himself subjects his work to a rigorous process of examination and re-examination.’
      • ‘The SWP are indifferent to any critical historical examination of the role played by the trade unions.’
      • ‘His van has also been sent to a police laboratory for examination.’
      • ‘All of them hope to discourage any critical examination of the real causes of the current situation.’
      • ‘His study, conducted over five years of intensive examination, reveal that the toad will be extinct within two years.’
      • ‘It is wonderful to see a mind that is so exquisitely attuned to critical examination at work in the moment, the moment of his own life.’
      • ‘Second Thoughts, without any critical examination of the information he peddled as fact.’
      • ‘Finally, I think it necessary to open up to critical examination all of what we call Zen.’
      • ‘At the very least, psychoanalysis deserves informed critical examination rather than simple dismissal.’
      • ‘The cathedral there fascinated him and was the object of his deepest study and examination.’
      • ‘These should be served before any examination for discovery is conducted.’
      • ‘Soft modernity implies philosophical issues and critical examination of traditional beliefs.’
      • ‘But the allegations about his conduct crumble on examination, he says.’
      • ‘No intellectual development, no critical examination of the tenets of their faith.’
      • ‘It calls for renewed examination of the processes whereby those families have been divided in the first place.’
      • ‘All were released on police bail while forensic examination of substances found takes place.’
      • ‘It was found on fire around two hours later at Coalpit Lane, Denaby, and has since been recovered by police for forensic examination.’
  • 2A formal test of a person's knowledge or proficiency in a particular subject or skill.

    ‘he scraped through the examinations at the end of his first year’
    • ‘The authority also decided not to offer examinations in eight subjects from 2007 because of a decreasing number of candidates.’
    • ‘Many of these observations deserve to be, and have been, the subject of book-length examinations.’
    • ‘By the time they have cleared the school examinations, professional entrance tests are upon them, catching them unawares.’
    • ‘They had the effect of determining at what level students would be entered for 16 + public examinations and in what subjects.’
    • ‘Fresh from residency in a community based hospital, I felt as if these figures from medical school clinical examinations had come back to haunt me.’
    • ‘You and your child will be faced with plenty of tests and formal examinations in the years to come.’
    • ‘The winner is selected on the marks achieved in written, practical and oral examinations along with project work.’
    • ‘Various skills of the student are tested in an entrance examination.’
    • ‘MacCullagh entered for the highly competitive fellowship examination, conducted orally in Latin.’
    • ‘Although most of the people discussing this topic were not of the age to sit Proficiency we had examinations each term and took them seriously.’
    • ‘It means they are on their own on the final hurdle of a seemingly endless slog of course work, mock examinations, orals, practicals and revision which began in year nine.’
    • ‘Almost all the universities in the State have a calendar for the conduct of examination.’
    • ‘The fact remains that young people face a battery of examinations and tests.’
    • ‘The objective tests in the entrance examinations hardly speak of the candidate's knowledge, aptitude and attitude.’
    • ‘Within an IB Program students are required to complete and take examinations in six IB subjects.’
    • ‘Others are choosing to demonstrate competency by completing the proficiency examinations in one or more of these areas.’
    • ‘She said she could not wait for the November examination because the test paper would be based on a new syllabus.’
    • ‘They are so well-tutored, so disciplined, that they almost relish such examinations of skill and character.’
    • ‘I did some extra subjects, I think I did nine subjects in the leaving examination and got a few credits.’
    • ‘Results in national tests and examinations in the last three years were found to be below average.’
    test, exam, paper, question paper, oral, practical, assessment
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  • 3Law
    The formal questioning of a witness in court.

    • ‘He has the same powers as the court in respect of the attendance and the examination of witnesses and the production of documents.’
    • ‘Mr. Sammon submits that the party conducting an examination of the witness has an obligation to be fair to the witness.’
    • ‘Mr Baer's first report was prepared as a result of his examination of the claimant on 19th April 1996.’
    • ‘Jacob couldn't even listen to the examination of the prosecution's next witness.’
    • ‘In other words, are there any constraints to apply to the examination of the complainant in the later case.’
    • ‘The plaintiffs have never conducted examinations for discovery.’
    • ‘The defendant brought a motion to compel the attendance of the plaintiff at an examination for discovery.’
    • ‘Generally speaking, judges have broad powers in directing the examination of witnesses.’
    • ‘At the Inquest examination of witnesses will bring out more evidence and detail.’
    • ‘In the present case each of the letters of request contains an express statement as to the purpose for which the examination of the witness is sought.’
    • ‘Many of the undertakings given on the Plaintiffs' examinations for discovery are still outstanding.’
    • ‘For example, the trial system demands examination and cross-examination of witnesses.’
    • ‘His subsequent examination of the witness statements of family and friends do not cause him to alter this view.’
    • ‘He will suffer great expense if required to attend here for examinations, pre-trial and trial.’
    • ‘A party has inherent right to be present at the examination for discovery of the opposite party.’
    • ‘The defence could have enforced an examination of that person by resorting to the Rules of Procedure.’
    • ‘During the examination of witnesses, each of the Counsel had, at times, to put questions to the witnesses.’
    • ‘It is evidence that is a result of an examination occurring after trial.’
    • ‘There followed a prolonged sensation in court, which interrupted the examination of the witness.’
    • ‘Yes, and a whole lot of examinations before liquidators in current proceedings in the Supreme Court by ACT against directors.’
    questioning, interrogation, cross-questioning, cross-examination, inquisition
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Origin

Late Middle English (also in the sense testing (one's conscience) by a standard): via Old French from Latin examinatio(n-), from examinare weigh, test (see examine).

Pronunciation:

examination

/iɡˌzaməˈnāSH(ə)n/