Definition of examination in English:

examination

noun

  • 1A detailed inspection or investigation.

    ‘an examination of marketing behavior’
    ‘a medical examination is conducted without delay’
    • ‘You will be asked about your medical history and you will have a full examination, including checks on your heart and lungs.’
    • ‘These variations would have been found in surgical exploration and, most of them, in radiologic examinations.’
    • ‘Neurological examinations are performed by the neurologist or surgeon during this part of the procedure.’
    • ‘Seventeen of his patients had fatal angina confirmed by autopsy examinations.’
    • ‘Screening clinical and functional examinations preceded CT studies of the lungs.’
    • ‘Detailed shoulder examinations were performed of both sides to assess range of motion, strength, and stability.’
    • ‘This includes more ultrasound examinations to detect intrauterine growth retardation.’
    • ‘One independent experienced radiologist evaluated all the MRI examinations.’
    • ‘Management begins with a careful examination to rule out neurologic or vascular deficits.’
    • ‘Yearly ophthalmological examinations are important to assess for retinopathy.’
    • ‘A closer examination of this study and of the literature, however, puts the problem into perspective.’
    • ‘Careful physical and neurologic examinations can enable the physician to exclude organic causes.’
    • ‘The authors advocate this management option in those patients who can be followed closely with clinical and radiological examinations.’
    • ‘The other physical findings and neurologic examinations were unremarkable.’
    • ‘But the BMJ queried whether these conclusions had been drawn from an examination of the study's raw data.’
    • ‘Neurologic and vascular examinations of the upper extremity should be completed and documented.’
    • ‘Ophthalmological examination showed bilateral cataracts by 3 weeks of age.’
    • ‘Radiologic and cytologic examinations may cause misinterpretation of such lesions as thyroid tumors.’
    • ‘Neurological examination between seizures had normal results, and otherwise she was completely well.’
    • ‘ECG and cardiac ultrasound examinations were reviewed by a cardiologist.’
    • ‘A neurological examination is performed to look for any signs of brain dysfunction.’
    scrutiny, inspection, perusal, study, scanning, vetting, investigation, exploration, consideration, analysis, appraisal, evaluation
    inspection, check, check-up, assessment, review, appraisal
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1The action or process of conducting an inspection or investigation.
      ‘the treaty is under examination by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee’
      • ‘The SWP are indifferent to any critical historical examination of the role played by the trade unions.’
      • ‘The cathedral there fascinated him and was the object of his deepest study and examination.’
      • ‘But the allegations about his conduct crumble on examination, he says.’
      • ‘It was found on fire around two hours later at Coalpit Lane, Denaby, and has since been recovered by police for forensic examination.’
      • ‘All were released on police bail while forensic examination of substances found takes place.’
      • ‘It calls for renewed examination of the processes whereby those families have been divided in the first place.’
      • ‘It is wonderful to see a mind that is so exquisitely attuned to critical examination at work in the moment, the moment of his own life.’
      • ‘He himself subjects his work to a rigorous process of examination and re-examination.’
      • ‘Second Thoughts, without any critical examination of the information he peddled as fact.’
      • ‘These should be served before any examination for discovery is conducted.’
      • ‘Finally, I think it necessary to open up to critical examination all of what we call Zen.’
      • ‘Most impressive was the solid critical examination the exhibit gave to issues of race and gender.’
      • ‘Soft modernity implies philosophical issues and critical examination of traditional beliefs.’
      • ‘His van has also been sent to a police laboratory for examination.’
      • ‘All of them hope to discourage any critical examination of the real causes of the current situation.’
      • ‘No intellectual development, no critical examination of the tenets of their faith.’
      • ‘How we are to know that it is good for us without thorough examination through parliamentary processes is not explained.’
      • ‘At the very least, psychoanalysis deserves informed critical examination rather than simple dismissal.’
      • ‘Ordinary critical examination of sources, indeed, any effort to discover the truth, was regarded as a serious moral lapse.’
      • ‘His study, conducted over five years of intensive examination, reveal that the toad will be extinct within two years.’
  • 2A formal test of a person's knowledge or proficiency in a particular subject or skill.

    ‘he scraped through the examinations at the end of his first year’
    exam
    • ‘The fact remains that young people face a battery of examinations and tests.’
    • ‘Various skills of the student are tested in an entrance examination.’
    • ‘Results in national tests and examinations in the last three years were found to be below average.’
    • ‘They are so well-tutored, so disciplined, that they almost relish such examinations of skill and character.’
    • ‘She said she could not wait for the November examination because the test paper would be based on a new syllabus.’
    • ‘Almost all the universities in the State have a calendar for the conduct of examination.’
    • ‘It means they are on their own on the final hurdle of a seemingly endless slog of course work, mock examinations, orals, practicals and revision which began in year nine.’
    • ‘The authority also decided not to offer examinations in eight subjects from 2007 because of a decreasing number of candidates.’
    • ‘MacCullagh entered for the highly competitive fellowship examination, conducted orally in Latin.’
    • ‘The objective tests in the entrance examinations hardly speak of the candidate's knowledge, aptitude and attitude.’
    • ‘Within an IB Program students are required to complete and take examinations in six IB subjects.’
    • ‘By the time they have cleared the school examinations, professional entrance tests are upon them, catching them unawares.’
    • ‘Although most of the people discussing this topic were not of the age to sit Proficiency we had examinations each term and took them seriously.’
    • ‘The winner is selected on the marks achieved in written, practical and oral examinations along with project work.’
    • ‘You and your child will be faced with plenty of tests and formal examinations in the years to come.’
    • ‘Many of these observations deserve to be, and have been, the subject of book-length examinations.’
    • ‘Fresh from residency in a community based hospital, I felt as if these figures from medical school clinical examinations had come back to haunt me.’
    • ‘I did some extra subjects, I think I did nine subjects in the leaving examination and got a few credits.’
    • ‘Others are choosing to demonstrate competency by completing the proficiency examinations in one or more of these areas.’
    • ‘They had the effect of determining at what level students would be entered for 16 + public examinations and in what subjects.’
    test, exam, paper, question paper, oral, practical, assessment
    View synonyms
  • 3Law
    The formal questioning of a witness in court.

    • ‘Mr Baer's first report was prepared as a result of his examination of the claimant on 19th April 1996.’
    • ‘Jacob couldn't even listen to the examination of the prosecution's next witness.’
    • ‘He has the same powers as the court in respect of the attendance and the examination of witnesses and the production of documents.’
    • ‘He will suffer great expense if required to attend here for examinations, pre-trial and trial.’
    • ‘For example, the trial system demands examination and cross-examination of witnesses.’
    • ‘In other words, are there any constraints to apply to the examination of the complainant in the later case.’
    • ‘The defendant brought a motion to compel the attendance of the plaintiff at an examination for discovery.’
    • ‘Mr. Sammon submits that the party conducting an examination of the witness has an obligation to be fair to the witness.’
    • ‘It is evidence that is a result of an examination occurring after trial.’
    • ‘At the Inquest examination of witnesses will bring out more evidence and detail.’
    • ‘A party has inherent right to be present at the examination for discovery of the opposite party.’
    • ‘Generally speaking, judges have broad powers in directing the examination of witnesses.’
    • ‘There followed a prolonged sensation in court, which interrupted the examination of the witness.’
    • ‘Many of the undertakings given on the Plaintiffs' examinations for discovery are still outstanding.’
    • ‘In the present case each of the letters of request contains an express statement as to the purpose for which the examination of the witness is sought.’
    • ‘His subsequent examination of the witness statements of family and friends do not cause him to alter this view.’
    • ‘Yes, and a whole lot of examinations before liquidators in current proceedings in the Supreme Court by ACT against directors.’
    • ‘The plaintiffs have never conducted examinations for discovery.’
    • ‘During the examination of witnesses, each of the Counsel had, at times, to put questions to the witnesses.’
    • ‘The defence could have enforced an examination of that person by resorting to the Rules of Procedure.’
    questioning, interrogation, cross-questioning, cross-examination, inquisition
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (also in the sense testing (one's conscience) by a standard): via Old French from Latin examinatio(n-), from examinare weigh, test (see examine).

Pronunciation:

examination

/iɡˌzaməˈnāSH(ə)n/