One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A shrimplike, planktonic marine crustacean of an order that includes krill. Many kinds are luminescent.
- ‘Throughout the euphausiids, decapods, and stomatopods, larvae invariably possess compound eyes, which are naturally complicated structures.’
- ‘To determine the importance of fragmentation, tethered and free-swimming euphausiids were videotaped in the presence of marine snow representing a range of aggregate strengths, sizes, and ages.’
- ‘Unexpectedly, even juvenile mysids, which are never planktonic, have similar optics to those of larval euphausiids and decapods, and form refracting superposition eyes in adults.’
- ‘Bowhead whales feed on crustacean zooplankton, primarily large copepods of the genus Calanus and euphausiids.’
- ‘Plankton such as euphausiids are important food for pre-grisle but amphipods and decapods are also consumed.’
Late 19th century: from modern Latin Euphausia (genus name from Greek eu ‘well’ + phainein ‘to show’ + ousia ‘substance’) + -id.
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