One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition.‘a group of distinct diseases with different etiologies’‘a disease of unknown etiology’
- ‘The authors note that acute MIs in their two study groups probably have different etiologies.’
- ‘The etiology of asthma is unknown, but it has been linked to occupational exposures, genetics, and environmental factors.’
- ‘Respiratory distress immediately after birth is common and has various aetiologies.’
- ‘She presented one year ago with fever, weakness, hepatitis and pneumonitis of unknown etiology.’
- ‘The differential diagnosis and underlying etiologies are listed in Table 1.’
- ‘Infectious origins are suspected for many human diseases of unknown etiology, on the basis of epidemiologic and clinical features.’
- ‘A variety of etiologies accounted for the condition.’
- ‘Rheumatoid arthritis is a debilitating, chronic multisystem disease with an unknown etiology.’
- ‘The term ‘chronic liver disease’ encompasses a large number of conditions having different etiologies and existing on a continuum between hepatitis infection and cirrhosis.’
- ‘The exact etiology of osteoarthritis is unknown.’
- ‘DNA samples from 195 children with chronic lung disease of unknown etiology were analyzed.’
- ‘In most cases, the underlying etiology is atherosclerotic disease of the arteries.’
- ‘Lung transplantation represents the last therapeutic option for advanced lung disease of many etiologies.’
- 1.1 The causation of diseases and disorders as a subject of investigation.
- ‘Researchers study etiology in order to develop more effective approaches to treatment and, ultimately, prevention.’
- ‘The study is a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the aetiology of major chronic diseases.’
- ‘Further research regarding the etiology, natural history, pathophysiology, and treatment of subclinical hyperthyroidism is warranted.’
- ‘As well, information about the prevalence, etiology, and treatment of disorders in Canada provides a base from which comparable findings from other countries are discussed.’
- ‘Our conclusions may be helpful in the further investigation of etiology, diagnosis, and therapy for MCS.’
- ‘After her retirement, she took up the challenge to understand the etiology of bipolar disorder.’
- ‘The viral etiology of measles- or rubella-like illnesses after MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccination was studied prospectively in 993 acutely ill Finnish children with fever and rash in 1983-1995.’
- ‘Study findings have sparked research on the etiology of acute salpingitis, new approaches to treatment, and the immunopathogenesis of C. trachomatis infection in women.’
- ‘This article reviews the epidemiology, etiology, and diagnosis of seizure disorders in the elderly.’
- ‘The etiology of these lesions has been under investigation for decades.’
- ‘The etiology of most anxiety disorders, although not fully understood, has come into sharper focus in the last decade.’
- ‘The etiology, natural history, and optimal treatment of respiratory failure have been the subject of active investigation for over 100 years.’
- ‘Research in disease aetiology has shifted towards investigating genetic causes, powered by the human genome project.’
2The investigation or attribution of the cause or reason for something, often expressed in terms of historical or mythical explanation.
- ‘There are several explanations for the etiology of pressure damage.’
- ‘As to the etiology of this state of spiritual decline, many historical factors can be held responsible.’
- ‘Aristotle displays some hesitation in his discussion of desire and its relation to practical reason in the aetiology of animal action.’
- ‘Their etiology and teleology are explicable within a moral and historical paradigm.’
- ‘Siegel further highlighted the role of abuse in the etiology of female crime in an investigation of women survivors of childhood sexual abuse.’
- ‘No single ‘explanation’, no minimalist aetiology, can catch the richness and multivalence of the event.’
- ‘Whatever the etiology of this success for Harvard University Press, Hardt and Negri have evidently hit upon what people want to hear.’
- ‘Al Qaeda's etiology and appeal cannot, as is sometimes argued, be reduced to American support for Israel.’
- ‘We must assess individual tolerances for maltreatment, etiologies and reasons for enduring perpetration of abuse.’
Mid 16th century: via medieval Latin from Greek aitiologia, from aitia ‘a cause’ + -logia (see -logy).
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