Definition of estimate in US English:



[with object]
Pronunciation /ˈestəˌmāt//ˈɛstəˌmeɪt/
  • Roughly calculate or judge the value, number, quantity, or extent of.

    ‘the aim is to estimate the effects of macroeconomic policy on the economy’
    with clause ‘it is estimated that smoking causes 100,000 premature deaths every year’
    • ‘Migraine is estimated to account for 20 % of all absenteeism due to sickness.’
    • ‘The estimated cost of producing electric power from anaerobic digestion of animal manure is 3.7 to 5.4 cents per kilowatt-hour.’
    • ‘One important clue comes from estimating the rate at which sediments were deposited.’
    • ‘The cost of the investment in these five projects is estimated at 60 million.’
    • ‘Much interior and exterior repair work has to be done, at a cost yet to be estimated.’
    • ‘Road accidents are estimated to cost the equivalent of seven billion pounds per year.’
    • ‘The company recently won the account, which is conservatively estimated to be worth £6 million.’
    • ‘The average mean dose of irradiation was six times the quantity estimated by the doctor.’
    • ‘The mark-up of imports of U.S. goods through Dubai is estimated at twenty percent.’
    • ‘Experts estimate that between 70 % and 80 % of wireless networks are insecure.’
    • ‘But which valuation methods are most suitable for estimating these external costs?’
    • ‘Some researchers have estimated that obesity causes about 300,000 deaths in the U.S. annually.’
    • ‘Nor is there any suggestion that publishers are hopelessly inaccurate when estimating future sales.’
    • ‘Police experts estimated the bike could have achieved speeds of up to 70 mph.’
    • ‘Officials estimate that Britons alone lose £150 million a year to such frauds.’
    • ‘National wheat consumption is estimated at 131,000 tonnes and a further 1,500 tonnes is required for seed production.’
    • ‘Casualties on both sides are estimated at two million including half a million dead.’
    • ‘It is imperative that companies understand their real costs when estimating a job.’
    • ‘For that reason, estimating the net asset value can be a dangerous business.’
    • ‘Total manufacturing capacity is estimated at 500 tonnes a year.’
    roughly calculate, approximate, make an estimate of, guess, evaluate, judge, gauge, reckon, rate, appraise, form an opinion of, form an impression of, get the measure of, determine, weigh up
    consider, believe, guess, reckon, deem, hold, judge, adjudge, surmise, rate, gauge, take, suppose
    View synonyms


Pronunciation /ˈestəmət//ˈɛstəmət/
  • 1An approximate calculation or judgment of the value, number, quantity, or extent of something.

    ‘at a rough estimate, our staff is recycling a quarter of the paper used’
    • ‘In practice, however, this doesn't yield accurate estimates of the graduation rate.’
    • ‘There was no estimate available from any source of the number of demonstrators.’
    • ‘Reliable estimates of the prevalence of this condition are difficult to obtain because of the diversity of identifiable causes.’
    • ‘I must stress that this is only an estimate and not a calculation.’
    • ‘In which case, a calculator and some rough estimates might help.’
    • ‘Of course, such calculations are estimates and are subject to many uncertainties.’
    • ‘The most optimistic estimates predict less than half this number will actually turn out.’
    • ‘Official estimates put the value of the conference to the Manchester economy at more than £2m.’
    • ‘This involves making an estimate of the value of the contract.’
    • ‘The $2.8 million is a conservative estimate based on records from the House and Senate clerks' offices.’
    • ‘Their estimates of the size of the impact, however, are probably excessive.’
    • ‘According to some estimates, the building society is worth more than €1 billion.’
    • ‘Current estimates value the ISP at £340 million - half what it was estimated to be worth a year ago.’
    • ‘Conservative estimates indicate that this could lead to a further 4,000 additional vacancies.’
    • ‘Though such estimates may be of value for research or policy purposes, using them to scare the public cannot be considered legitimate.’
    • ‘Our estimate of that value may be incorrect, in fact it almost certainly is.’
    • ‘Some estimates put the value of 100GB of enterprise data at one million dollars.’
    • ‘It includes cases studies of couples undergoing treatment as well as a rough estimate of costs.’
    • ‘Last year's estimates put the cost of the project at $1.13 billion.’
    • ‘Current market estimates place values of more than €500 million on the airline.’
    rough calculation, approximation, estimation, educated guess, informed guess, rough guess, impression
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A written statement indicating the likely price that will be charged for specified work or repairs.
      ‘compare costs by getting estimates from at least two firms’
      • ‘To prevent reorders and delays, they needed to be able to write accurate estimates.’
      • ‘Mr Soady said the firm has submitted two estimates for repairs to Total and was now waiting for a reply.’
      • ‘It is important to remember that estimates are not written in a vacuum.’
      • ‘Instead, from time to time, she obtained other estimates for repairing and making the house safe.’
      • ‘He said the company carries out measurements for homes and provides estimates free of charge.’
      • ‘Merton Council, which owns the building, says it is getting estimates for its repair.’
      • ‘Whatever your final choice, be sure and get a detailed estimate in writing.’
      • ‘They were told to get an estimate of the likely cost of ramps and bring it before parish councillors again.’
      • ‘The cost of simply getting a quote or estimate for its repair will likely amount to a fair percentage of the replacement cost.’
      • ‘The estimate is too often viewed as a necessary administrative step to get sales.’
      rough calculation, approximation, estimation, educated guess, informed guess, rough guess, impression
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A judgment of the worth or character of someone or something.
      ‘his high estimate of the poem’
      • ‘His real kindness was shown by genial estimates of character and liberal appreciation of the labours of others engaged in kindred studies.’
      • ‘They can only make fair estimates of their physical characteristics or their personality traits.’
      • ‘It's how you make any sort of estimate of the character of a public figure.’
      evaluation, estimation, judgement, gauging, rating, appraisal, opinion, view, analysis
      View synonyms


Late Middle English: from Latin aestimat- ‘determined, appraised’, from the verb aestimare. The noun originally meant ‘intellectual ability, comprehension’ (only in late Middle English), later ‘valuing, a valuation’ (compare with estimation). The verb originally meant ‘to think well or badly of someone or something’ (late 15th century), later ‘regard as being, consider to be’ (compare with esteem).