Definition of estate in US English:



  • 1An extensive area of land in the country, usually with a large house, owned by one person, family, or organization.

    • ‘A small manor estate might contain a dozen families while larger estates might include fifty or sixty.’
    • ‘Once a country estate house, it was built in 1810 and remained a family home until more recent times.’
    • ‘The grandparents then withdraw to another house on the family estate and cultivate their own land as long as they can.’
    • ‘The name of the family estate was changed from Lundie to Camperdown and areas of the town, including the harbour, changed their name in his honour.’
    • ‘The church, with estates spread across the whole of western Europe, was a vast feudal corporation.’
    • ‘A successful merchant and Alderman of London, Fitzwilliam made numerous land purchases, including the family's first estates in Ireland.’
    • ‘Red grouse is the most popular game bird in Scotland, where hunting on the large estates is both a cherished sport and one of great economic importance.’
    • ‘His family owns an estate in the country as well as a house in town and as eldest son he stands to inherit quite a tidy sum.’
    • ‘In addition, the Imperial Family's extensive estates and personal property were confiscated.’
    • ‘He owns a family estate in Mittagong, a south coast beach house, and a string of other investments.’
    • ‘Stott sums up his forty years at Down House, his country estate in Kent, with an apt metaphor.’
    • ‘It is also one of the top attractions for the flocks of visitors who visit the Wharfedale stately home and its extensive estate and grounds.’
    • ‘As poisoned birds of prey are sometimes found on or near shooting estates, it is possible that they were deliberately targeted in an attempt to protect gamebirds.’
    • ‘These include extensive country estates at Emmersdorf and Mollenburg and a house in a top location in Vienna's city centre.’
    • ‘The house is built on the edge of a ridge, and the old boundaries of the estate are visible, marked by trees and hedges rolling down to the Somerset flats where peat is still dug.’
    • ‘Bobby and his wife Margaret took their breaks at their house in Carsphairn near the family estate.’
    • ‘The castle passed to Charles Lewis of St. Pierre, who bought it outright in 1857, adding to his extensive estates in the area.’
    • ‘Most of the region's farm laborers work on large estates (latifundios).’
    • ‘For 400 years it was the seat of the Tremayne family, an estate of over 1000 acres.’
    • ‘Landowners with estates on which crofters or tenant farmers live are facing a different economic climate since the land reform legislation was passed.’
    grounds, ground, fields, open space, open area
    property, grounds, garden, gardens, park, parkland, land, lands, piece of land, tract, landholding, manor, domain, territory
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    1. 1.1British A housing or commercial development.
      • ‘His photographs of the outskirts of British suburban housing estates are both familiar and unnerving.’
      • ‘This is not a viable option for single mums on sink council estates.’
      • ‘The residents of the neighbouring estate, however, oppose the netting, which they argue will make them feel caged in.’
      • ‘We have lost so many of our old buildings to new estates.’
      • ‘The area's many estates are a breeding ground for yobbish, criminal behaviour.’
      • ‘It is now one of just several residential estates in a suburban village.’
      • ‘Most of the families living on the estate have already been rehoused and some of the houses have been demolished.’
      • ‘The residents are also up in arms against a handful of householders who are using public green areas adjacent to the estate as a tip for domestic refuse.’
      • ‘Campaigners fighting a proposed new homeless centre in a residential estate have leafleted homeowners urging them to protest against the plans.’
      • ‘He would like to see the council building smaller estates.’
      • ‘A successful crime-busting programme which has turned a notorious estate into a sought-after residential area is in line for a top national award.’
      • ‘It is the country's largest industrial estate, consisting of about 2,400 large and small industries.’
      • ‘The library is one of the few historical buildings on the estate and is part of our community history.’
      • ‘We managed to lobby the government to let the private sector build and own an industrial estate.’
      • ‘The report stresses the importance of ensuring that all new estates are landscaped and finished off properly as quickly as possible.’
      • ‘Growing up on an estate in Britain has been an unusually tough experience over the past 20 years.’
      • ‘But the reality for working class people was run-down estates and insecurity.’
      • ‘What enjoyment does a 21-year-old single mother of three living in a council sink estate get?’
      • ‘The green areas of the estate will also be redesigned with a view to making them more attractive and more useable.’
      • ‘Nearly five years ago, a two-up, two-down terrace property on the Northmoor estate could be snapped up for as little as £4,000.’
      area, site, development, complex, piece of land, land, region, tract
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    2. 1.2 A property where coffee, rubber, grapes, or other crops are cultivated.
      • ‘The rubber estates that occupy the hilly areas are the largest producers.’
      • ‘About a dozen fellow students and I borrowed some old bikes from a local bike store and rode with our teacher to a large coffee estate just outside of town.’
      • ‘This facilitated the expansion of its large coffee estates at the expense of small peasants.’
      • ‘The industry pays the highest wages to its workers, more than those who man coffee and tea estates.’
      • ‘In the meantime, 9,000 police and a hastily raised force of 20,000 special constables were the first line of defence for the country's rubber estates and tin mines.’
      • ‘He had to leave Paris and eventually bought a wine estate in Kiedrich in the Rheingau.’
      • ‘They also happen to manage several tea estates in Uganda and India.’
      • ‘Nearly one-third of the agricultural production of the island is from the tea and rubber estates, products that are partially processed locally.’
      • ‘A highly unusual blend of Barbera with Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon from one of the best estates in northern Italy.’
      • ‘Field trips were conducted to Munnar tea gardens and a coffee estate in Kodagu, where a lesson in how the other half lives was a revelation to the girls.’
      • ‘But Trinidad planters soon began to complain about the high cost of provisions, and sugar estates neglected the cultivation of provision crops.’
      • ‘Another factor that could cause more problems for the elephants, and thus the people, is the ongoing conversion of some coffee estates to tea.’
      • ‘On a recent morning, one group went to a large coffee estate in Yauco, 140 km southwest of the capital, San Juan.’
      • ‘Coffee and tea are the main exports; both men and women work on coffee and tea estates.’
      • ‘Yields of crops such as coffee and rubber were much lower than on the large estates and these differences have persisted until the present day.’
      • ‘Bourgade is a working wine estate with 54 acres of vineyards.’
      • ‘Some of the best coffee estates in South India, first established by the British, are to be found in Kodagu.’
      • ‘More than a hundred elephants were reported to have escaped from the forest into the coffee estates nearby.’
      plantation, farm, holding
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  • 2All the money and property owned by a particular person, especially at death.

    ‘in his will, he divided his estate between his wife and daughter’
    • ‘He is alleged to have taken money from the estates of ten deceased people, including a husband and wife over a ten-year period.’
    • ‘Estate Duty will be levied on the dutiable amount of the estate, which is determined by a series of steps.’
    • ‘When a person dies, their estate - including money, properties and possessions - can be a nightmare to sort out.’
    • ‘The will of Dennis Reece provided that Anna receive all of his estate on his death.’
    • ‘This could provide the child with up to £12,000 a year, while reducing the grandparents' estates by that amount.’
    • ‘The fees are normally charged on the total value of the estate's assets at the time of death, less any liabilities on real property.’
    • ‘The cause of action is deemed to have subsisted before the death, allowing the claimant to sue the estate.’
    • ‘It was agreed in the event of either death the estate of the deceased would pass to the survivor.’
    • ‘Because he had no will and no family to claim his estate, his land would not be protected after his death.’
    • ‘He can certainly be appointed as executor of an estate by a testator who nominates him as such in a will.’
    • ‘If there is a potential Inheritance Tax liability, placing the policy in trust will remove it from your estate for the purposes of Inheritance Tax.’
    • ‘If he had done so, on his death his estate would have been entitled to a cash sum to be applied for the purchase of an annuity for his dependants.’
    • ‘Denise died on June 15, 2000 leaving an estate valued at approximately $1 million.’
    • ‘After Joan's death, the estate was to be divided equally among George's grandchildren.’
    • ‘If your estate exceeds £255,000, is Inheritance Tax levied on the whole estate or on the amount above £255,000?’
    • ‘We will be entitled to recover our basic charges up to the date of your death from your estate.’
    • ‘Equity release is an increasingly popular way for parents to reduce the size of their estate in old age so they do not pass on a huge inheritance tax bill to their offspring.’
    • ‘Phenomenally successful, he left an estate valued at over $100 million.’
    • ‘The gross value of the estate was estimated at between £60,000 and £65,000.’
    • ‘So if you use your property for home equity release you will not be able to leave it to your family, and will reduce the total value of your estate on your death.’
    assets, capital, wealth, riches, holdings, fortune, property, worth, resources, effects, possessions, belongings, things, goods, worldly goods, stuff, chattels, valuables
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  • 3A class or order regarded as forming part of the body politic, in particular (in Britain), one of the three groups constituting Parliament, now the Lords spiritual (the heads of the Church), the Lords temporal (the peerage), and the Commons. They are also known as the three estates.

    • ‘If they really did that, we would simply have to say: ‘We, the judges, are an independent estate of the realm and it's not open to the legislature to put us out of business.’’
    • ‘When the phrase was first coined, the three estates of the body politic were the lords, the clergy and the commons.’
    • ‘The members opposite no longer want to acknowledge that we have three estates in our great constitution.’
    • ‘In an important sense, inland towns were parasitic on the countryside, for the bulk of the seigneurial dues, rents, tithes, and fees collected by the first two estates of the realm were spent in urban centres.’
    • ‘They rejected parliamentary government, with its king or queen and three estates of the realm (lords spiritual, lords temporal, and the commons).’
    1. 3.1dated A particular class or category of people in society.
      ‘the spiritual welfare of all estates of men’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the novel also deals with the insecurities of self - in the middle and upper estates as well as the lowest - in a changing society.’
      • ‘By law, society was divided into three groups called estates.’
      • ‘They began with one very old intellectual tool, a conception of the different estates in society.’
  • 4literary, archaic A particular state, period, or condition in life.

    ‘programs for the improvement of man's estate’
    ‘the holy estate of matrimony’
    • ‘How I dread preaching on the estate of marriage!’
    • ‘But the fact is, these plans do equate gay liaisons with the honourable estate of matrimony.’
    • ‘However they might differ on other issues, all the reformers vigorously defended the honourable estate of matrimony.’
    state, condition, situation, position, circumstance, lot, fate
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Middle English (in the sense ‘state or condition’): from Old French estat, from Latin status ‘state, condition’, from stare ‘to stand’.