Definition of esophagus in English:


(British oesophagus)


  • The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to the stomach; the gullet. In humans and other vertebrates it is a muscular tube lined with mucous membrane.

    • ‘Repeated exposure of the esophagus to stomach contents leads to esophagitis.’
    • ‘Esophageal foreign bodies can damage the esophagus and lead to strictures.’
    • ‘In babies with esophageal atresia, the esophagus comes to a dead end instead of connecting to the stomach.’
    • ‘Bulimia can cause tears and irritation in the esophagus, stomach, and intestines.’
    • ‘Food enters the mouth and travels through the esophagus to the stomach, located in the upper abdomen.’
    • ‘The band is placed near the upper end of the stomach just below the junction of the stomach and the esophagus.’
    • ‘Saliva rinses the esophagus and buffers acid that has splashed out of the stomach.’
    • ‘Normally, the lower esophageal sphincter stops stomach acid from entering the esophagus.’
    • ‘The suture line is where the surgeon has sewn the remaining esophagus to the stomach or bowel.’
    • ‘The cause is a weakness of the sphincter muscle between the esophagus and stomach.’
    • ‘For an endoscopy, a thin tube with a tiny camera inside it is put down your throat and into your esophagus so the doctor can look at it.’
    • ‘It is the backward flow of acid from the stomach up into the esophagus.’
    • ‘Patients can also bleed into muscles, into the esophagus, or into the stomach or intestine.’
    • ‘This allows the doctor to look at the esophagus and the stomach through a scope to be sure the stomach is healthy.’
    • ‘Vomiting may cause a tear in the small blood vessels of the throat or lower esophagus.’
    • ‘On endoscopic examination, retention of saliva in the distal esophagus was noted.’


Late Middle English: modern Latin, from Greek oisophagos.