Definition of escutcheon in English:

escutcheon

noun

  • 1A shield or emblem bearing a coat of arms.

    • ‘Six garlands hang from the west gallery on heart-shaped escutcheons and five bear the initials of the deceased and the date of his or her death.’
    • ‘Although apparently executed largely by Veronese's workshop, this picture bears in the central foreground an escutcheon placed on an imperial eagle, which might help identify the original patron.’
    • ‘Written in Gothic letters of gold leaf, the composer's name on the portrait above his left shoulder recalls the style of the escutcheons of the knights of the Golden Fleece.’
    • ‘As weaponry began to render body armor obsolete, coats of arms were scaled down and used on tunics and caps, still in the form of the escutcheon or shield.’
    • ‘The escutcheons are presented by a variety of actors and animals - wild men and women, dancers, lions, and so forth.’
    • ‘Lockey makes the same point by transferring the family escutcheons to the yellow curtain on the left, where they become, in effect, emblems of folly.’
    • ‘Above the doorway of the old hall was a carved escutcheon with a lion rampant, the Arms of the De Lacys.’
    • ‘There followed the imperial, French, Venetian, and Portuguese ambassadors, the clergy, and a small army of mourners carrying banners and escutcheons decorated with gold and silver.’
    • ‘The trappings of male finery included plumed helmets, heavy epaulettes, long swords, tassels, braid, knee-high boots, gleaming escutcheons, white gloves, white trousers.’
    • ‘Step across its threshold (beneath the royal escutcheon of Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain) and you brush against a time when these colonnades shaded both piety and intrigue.’
    insignia, regalia, badge, emblem, ensign, device, heraldic device, coat of arms, arms, armorial bearing, shield
    View synonyms
  • 2A flat piece of metal for protection and often ornamentation, around a keyhole, door handle, or light switch.

    • ‘Made of highly figured mahogany it retains its original large brass handles and keyhole escutcheons.’
    • ‘Over the years chairs have lost casters or the casters have lost their leather wraps; chests are without pulls, escutcheons, and decorative mounts; and the hinges of secretary doors have vanished.’
    • ‘According to these orders, Robinson supplied fifty mortise locks, thirty-six pairs of octagonal glass knobs, twelve plain knob sets, and forty-eight escutcheons.’
    • ‘The present locks and escutcheons are not original.’
    • ‘Each chest has graduated drawers with solid, mahogany drawer fronts and original elaborate cast-brass pulls and escutcheons.’

Phrases

  • a blot on one's escutcheon

    • A stain on one's reputation or character.

      • ‘Admittedly, his family life receives short shrift - the only blot on his escutcheon was a strained relationship with his spendthrift son - but this is inevitable given Paxton's workaholism.’
      • ‘Perhaps the readers of this journal have similar blots on their escutcheons.’
  • escutcheon of pretense

    • A small shield within a coat of arms, bearing another coat or device to which the bearer has a claim, especially one to which a man's wife is heiress.

      • ‘An escutcheon of pretence was used only when the wife had no brothers, and could transmit the right to use her familial coat of arms to a man who would act as her family's representative - in this case, her husband.’

Origin

Late 15th century: from Anglo-Norman French escuchon, based on Latin scutum ‘shield’.

Pronunciation

escutcheon

/əˈskətʃən//əˈskəCHən/