Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
A genetic element inside some bacterial cells, especially the DNA of some bacteriophages, that can replicate independently of the host and also in association with a chromosome with which it becomes integrated.Compare with plasmid
- ‘The uppermost cell in a colony has a conical episome; the bottom cell in a colony has a bilobed hyposome.’
- ‘During latent infection, the viral genome persists as an episome, and viral gene expression is highly restricted.’
- ‘Lieberman and his colleagues found that the three telomeric proteins might help Epstein-Barr virus episomes persist in cells.’
- ‘Interestingly, overexpression of the functional wild-type HA-Mcm7p from an episome or an integrated allele was toxic for normal cell growth and viability.’
- ‘This attribute does not appear to be a feature of other independently isolated episomes, including episomes that cover the same portion of the E. coli chromosome that is included in F'128.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.