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On or around the dura mater, in particular (of an anesthetic) introduced into the space around the dura mater of the spinal cord.
- ‘The neurologist who examined her found and drained an epidural abscess from the lumbar region.’
- ‘Most epidural abscesses are located posteriorly in the thoracic or lumbar spine.’
- ‘Patients with epidural hematoma usually have a history of recent spinal procedure or trauma.’
- ‘They can also be given through an epidural catheter (a thin tube).’
- ‘They can also be given in the epidural space in the spinal column where nerves exit.’
An epidural anesthetic, used especially in childbirth to produce loss of sensation below the waist.
- ‘Besides the discomfort of administering the epidural and the fact that it may take a half hour to 90 minutes for pain relief to take effect, mothers opting for epidurals risk these side effects.’
- ‘Conversely, because epidurals can provide excellent analgesia, patients will require no systemic sedative analgesia, which is also identified in the editorial as a cause of immobility.’
- ‘A low-dose epidural is also a way of giving women a brief rest from the pain during early labour.’
- ‘These types of epidurals is not discussed here.’
- ‘Her work's on epidurals, pain relief in childbirth and how very dicey it is getting the needle into the right place.’
- ‘Every time I pick up the paper I read about women's awful experiences of childbirth, of epidurals, of cold, sterile hospitals, Caesarians, epistimologies, birthing like a factory process, pregnancy treated like an illness.’
- ‘Ask your doctor what percentage of their patients receive an epidural.’
- ‘Over 1000 nulliparous women who requested epidurals in labour participated in a randomised controlled trial comparing low dose spinal anaesthetic, low dose epidural, and conventional epidural.’
- ‘Anaesthetists routinely provide epidurals for both vaginal and caesarean deliveries.’
- ‘Anaesthetists want to prove epidurals work well and they don't want to follow up on stories of backache or discomfort.’
- ‘Where available, more than one in five women will request epidurals for pain relief in labour.’
- ‘In many hospitals, labor pain management options are limited to epidurals, parenteral analgesics, or rudimentary labor support from overextended nurses.’
- ‘The policy states that epidurals should not be denied because of the patient's insurance and that nurses should not be restricted from managing regional anesthesia.’
- ‘Most hospitals use IV medicines or epidurals for pain relief.’
- ‘Little attention has been paid to other obstetric interventions such as epidurals, episiotomies, and instrumental births’
- ‘The review also studied the use of delayed pushing as a labor management strategy in women with epidurals.’
- ‘Unsuccessful attempts at administering the epidural should be recorded factually with no editorial comments.’
- ‘Finally, it is noteworthy that caregiver preferences may to a large extent dictate the use of epidurals and other medical procedures for laboring women.’
- ‘Despite unopposed parasympathetic activity, epidurals do not increase leak rates.’
- ‘This included the ability to induce labour and the use of epidurals to ease difficult pregnancies.’
Late 19th century: from epi- upon + dura + -al.
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