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Remove the nucleus from (a cell)
- ‘The fact that erythrocyte size correlates positively with genome size in mammals, even though their mature red blood cells are enucleated, strongly supports this hypothesis.’
- ‘Having found that cumulus cells yielded better results, unfertilised mouse eggs were enucleated and their donor's nuclei put in place.’
- ‘An egg cell is enucleated, that is, the nucleus is removed and replaced with the nucleus from the body cell of an animal of the same kind.’
- ‘DNA from human skin cells were placed within enucleated human embryos and then exposed to chemical and growth factors.’
- ‘They took the eggs from donor sheep and removed the nuclei from them, creating enucleated eggs.’
2Surgically remove (a tumor or gland, or the eyeball) intact from its surrounding capsule.
- ‘The tumor recurred 1 year later and was enucleated again at the local hospital.’
- ‘The blind left eye was enucleated in January 2001 to help establish the diagnosis and showed a mass lesion involving the vitreous cavity and with a mild thickening of the choroid.’
- ‘All other tumors were enucleated and no recurrence was encountered.’
- ‘Once freed, the tumor is enucleated through the incision using the curette.’
- ‘The prostates were subsequently enucleated or removed and examined by a pathologist.’
(of a cell) lacking a nucleus.
- ‘There were no obviously enucleate cells, no apoptotic bodies, and no evidence of dead crushed cells (data not shown).’
- ‘Tapetal cells have a very short life span and for the most part are fully functional while being enucleate.’
- ‘Erythrocytes are enucleate and contain primarily globin mRNA.’
- ‘These small, enucleate cells are produced from large parent cells, the megakaryocytes, in the bone marrow.’
- ‘The results strongly suggest that some mRNA species are imported into sieve elements, which are enucleate, from neighbouring companion cells.’
Mid 16th century (in the sense clarify, explain): from Latin enucleat- extracted, made clear from the verb enucleare, from e- (variant of ex-) out of + nucleus kernel (see nucleus).
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