Definition of England in US English:


proper noun

  • A European country that forms the largest and most southern part of Great Britain and of the United Kingdom, surrounded on three sides by water (Irish Sea on west, English Channel on south, North Sea on east); population 51,446,000 (est. 2008); capital, London; language, English.

England was conquered by the Romans in the first century AD, when it was inhabited by Celtic peoples. It was a Roman province until the early 5th century. During the 3rd–7th centuries Germanic-speaking tribes, traditionally known as Angles, Saxons, and Jutes, established a number of independent kingdoms there. England emerged as a distinct political entity in the 9th century before being conquered by William, Duke of Normandy, in 1066