One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1British An edible Mediterranean plant whose bitter leaves may be blanched and used in salads.
Cichorium endivia, family Compositae (including both curly-leaved and smooth-leaved varieties)
- ‘All you need to accompany this dish is a bitter, leafy salad like rocket and endives in an olive oil and lemon dressing.’
- ‘An endive salad, $4.50, is also available, but they were out of endives when I visited.’
- ‘Cabbage, carrot, celery, cucumber, endive and lettuce may be used for raw salad.’
- ‘Some of the recipes are innovative, like his spiced chicken livers on wilted endives.’
- ‘This could be served with leaves of bitter endive or a bowl of small boiled potatoes for dipping.’
- ‘It was splendid, served on a bed of crisp endive garnished with pink peppercorns and a hot, sweet mustardy dressing.’
- ‘Remove the endive and slice the leaves in half.’
- ‘Toss the curly endive in one third of the vinaigrette and arrange on four dinner plates.’
- ‘Spinach, endive and romaine lettuce are great in salads; just dress with a little olive oil and red wine vinegar.’
- ‘His favourite food is endive with mashed potatoes.’
- ‘His beet salad with endive and walnuts has just the right amount of sweet-cider vinegar.’
- ‘To reduce their risk of asthma by up to 18% adults should eat apples, pears or leafy green vegetables such as lettuce, endives and silverbeet.’
- ‘A salad of endive and smoked salmon in a tangy horseradish dressing begins the meal, followed by a roast chicken with lemon, paprika, and sage as the centerpiece.’
- ‘I started with a salad of endive, Roquefort and pear with roasted walnuts for €7.50.’
- ‘The company also produces bulb onions, parsnips, leeks, endives, lettuce, broccoli, cauliflowers, cabbage, swede and about five per cent of Britain's asparagus crop.’
- ‘If you can't get hold of dandelion leaves, use watercress, endive or a mixture of the two.’
- ‘Arrange the fennel mixture on the endives and sprinkle with blue cheese and pecans.’
- ‘Rinse and drain the cress, endive, mint, basil and coriander leaves.’
- ‘The freshness of ingredients really stood out, as not a single speckled leaf, wilted green or bitter endive was to be found.’
2North American A young, typically blanched chicory plant, eaten as a cooked vegetable or in salads.
- ‘There's also endive and chicory which I will talk about later, which is a cousin of lettuce, but is technically not lettuce.’
- ‘The chicory clan - Belgian endive, radicchio, and escarole - is sneaking into more and more produce sections.’
- ‘Weightless scallops find some bite thanks to the edginess of roast endive and celery.’
- ‘I was talking to her while at the same time noting a recipe in my book for the endives I had braising.’
- ‘For the endive: Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.’
- ‘Her individual tartlets of caramelized endive with goat cheese were staggeringly good, as was the almost flourless chocolate cake, which quickly became a staple.’
- ‘Cooking it that way makes it sweet - kind of like braising endive.’
- ‘So endives, including Belgian endive, are all chicories.’
- ‘Add the endive, stir to coat with butter, and sauté until tender.’
Late Middle English (also denoting the sowthistle): via Old French from medieval Latin endivia, based on Greek entubon.
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