Definition of endemic in English:

endemic

adjective

  • 1(of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular people or in a certain area.

    ‘complacency is endemic in industry today’
    ‘areas where malaria is endemic’
    • ‘The vast coastal swamps caused by centuries of deforestation made malaria endemic in many parts of central and southern Italy.’
    • ‘In fact the problem is so endemic that it hardly bares thinking about it, particularly by politicians.’
    • ‘The disease is still endemic in many Latin American countries and large epidemics of rubella occur periodically.’
    • ‘Unfortunately TB, Hepatitis B and HIV are all endemic in these parts of the world.’
    • ‘And there is no doubt the endemic poverty in the country is a barrier to innovation.’
    • ‘Of course, it is not the only country to suffer from endemic corruption.’
    • ‘I can hardly describe the sense of anger and betrayal and sheer disillusionment now endemic in the staff.’
    • ‘Shortages have become endemic to many regions, as record drought and population sprawl sap rivers and aquifers.’
    • ‘The mistake has been endemic in this country when you would think we should know better.’
    • ‘Again, it would be insane to pretend that everything is OK: poverty remains endemic.’
    • ‘Parasitic infections are endemic among this population.’
    • ‘The district records one of the country's highest suicides rates, mainly due to endemic poverty.’
    • ‘When the eradication initiative was launched in 1988 polio was endemic in 125 countries.’
    • ‘Malaria was endemic and contributed considerably to the degree of anaemia observed.’
    • ‘Poverty is endemic in the South and it is spreading to the North.’
    • ‘Individual ineffectiveness, indiscipline and corruption remain endemic among modern police officers.’
    • ‘The new president inherited an economy in ruins and corruption so endemic it had become a way of life.’
    • ‘Rocky Mountain spotted fever is endemic in North, Central, and South America.’
    • ‘Malaria is endemic and is a cause of premature death.’
    • ‘Why is political stability so elusive, and why are violence and rights violations so endemic?’
    • ‘Diseases endemic in Europe, such as typhoid and influenza, became major causes of morbidity and death.’
    widespread, prevailing, frequent, usual, common, general, universal, pervasive, extensive, ubiquitous, ordinary
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    1. 1.1attributive Denoting an area in which a particular disease is regularly found.
      • ‘Leishmaniasis should be considered in any person from an endemic area who has chronic localized skin lesions.’
      • ‘Because travellers to endemic areas are also at risk, healthcare providers should have an understanding of the spectrum of infection, how to diagnose it, and what the appropriate treatment is.’
      • ‘Examples calling for immunization include travel to endemic areas or intravenous drug use during pregnancy.’
      • ‘Typhoid fever immunization is recommended for travelers going to highly endemic areas in Central and South America, the Indian subcontinent, and Africa.’
      • ‘In patients from endemic areas, Lyme disease may be diagnosed on clinical grounds alone in the presence of erythema migrans.’
      • ‘In one study, researchers found that these patients constitute 18 percent of Lyme disease cases in endemic areas during the summer months.’
      • ‘In highly endemic areas, at most 20 to 30 percent of deer ticks are infected with B. burgdorferi.’
      • ‘Therefore, daily self-examination is recommended for persons who engage in outdoor activities in endemic areas.’
      • ‘Using drugs that simply kill off the worms in the human host, but do not prevent re-infection may seem futile when re-infection is almost inevitable in endemic areas.’
      • ‘It is indicated for use in laboratory workers involved with the virus and in persons planning to travel to endemic areas.’
      • ‘However, travelers visiting endemic areas may be affected by this disease if they do not take proper precautionary hygienic measures.’
      • ‘In endemic areas the World Bank and others widely promote routine regular mass treatment of children with anthelmintics’
      • ‘Malaria should be the first consideration in a febrile traveler who has returned from an endemic area.’
      • ‘Attempts to control infection and disease in many endemic areas have not been uniformly successful.’
      • ‘Resistance in V. cholerae is being encountered in most of the endemic areas 37,38.’
      • ‘Andaman Islands is a highly endemic area for leptospirosis 4,5-8 with more than 50 per cent seroprevalence.’
      • ‘Most cases of cutaneous myiasis in the United States occur in persons returning from these endemic areas.’
      • ‘Other countries may require proof of vaccination if a person is traveling from an endemic area to prevent introduction of the disease.’
      • ‘The shaded area indicates the endemic zone of Argentine hemorrhagic fever’
      • ‘In contrast, many individuals who reside in endemic areas have fibrotic calcified nodes that are of no clinical importance.’
  • 2(of a plant or animal) native or restricted to a certain country or area.

    ‘a marsupial endemic to northeastern Australia’
    • ‘About half of the species are endemic to these islands and are found nowhere else on Earth.’
    • ‘However, many other species are endemic to the North and many more seasonal migrants depend on northern environments for a significant part of their life history.’
    • ‘During the past decades the health of the endemic species has been seriously threatened.’
    • ‘Most of the Chinese Impatiens species are endemic to the country or are restricted to a number of provinces.’
    • ‘However this is a highly endemic fauna, and may represent an ecological succession.’
    • ‘Thus, it appears that this species also may be nearly endemic to cedar glades of the southeastern United States.’
    • ‘This species is endemic to Crete and has stunning large flowers, tinted with warm purple.’
    • ‘Distributional patterns of the 78 most endemic genera are shown in Table 3.’
    • ‘Five percent of the flora is endemic to the Southern Appalachians.’
    • ‘If domesticated flocks are worthy of eagle protection, surely nearly extinct endemic taxa are as well.’
    • ‘All four species are endemic to Madagascar and are found primarily in rainforests.’
    • ‘Yet it is also a global hot spot of biodiversity, with scores of endemic species of amphibians, birds, mammals, plants, and reptiles.’
    • ‘Ornithologists describe them as endemic, birds that have evolved into distinctive species because of the insularity of their habitats.’
    • ‘About 221 plant species are endemic to this peninsular state.’
    • ‘Many of the genera that evolved in the tropical and subtropical Americas remained endemic to the region.’
    • ‘The Albertine Rift harbors more endemic mammals, birds, and amphibians than any other region in Africa.’
    • ‘Researchers will determine if the species is endemic to Kalimantan.’
    • ‘The Nene (also called Hawaiian) goose is Hawaii's state bird and endemic to the islands.’
    • ‘The endemic bryozoan genera tend to be more poorly sampled than the cosmopolitan genera.’
    domestic, home-grown, home-made, home, local
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noun

  • An endemic plant or animal.

    • ‘Many endangered endemics of the Florida scrub are specialized for gaps.’
    • ‘Schizoendemic taxa are vicariant endemics with identical chromosome numbers.’
    • ‘Despite these recent studies, however, detailed investigations of the effects of fire on most scrub endemics have not been carried out.’
    • ‘Divided by geographic region, local experts describe the climate, geology and soils of each community as well as the flora and fauna with special attention to endemics.’
    • ‘The plant communities of southern Appalachian wetlands include endemics that exist in the unique microhabitats of the region.’
    • ‘Many rare scrub endemics are associated with mechanical disturbances to the soil such as fire lanes, plow lines, sandy roads and gopher tortoise burrows.’
    • ‘Most species of Metagentiana are herbaceous local endemics growing in alpine scrub, meadows and coniferous forests.’
    • ‘Island populations and insular endemics thus appear to be especially vulnerable to extinction due to genetic factors.’
    • ‘The origins of these island endemics are unknown.’
    • ‘Thus, low temperatures have led to selection for a high proportion of local endemics and species endemic to mountain peaks.’
    • ‘The endemics have been estimated to originate from about 120 successful original colonization events.’
    • ‘Some of the endemics may always have been rare, but most are suffering from the loss of habitat, owing to the creation of citrus groves and other forms of development.’
    • ‘There are 2,827 natives, 1,318 non-natives, and 228 endemics.’
    • ‘They also reported that many of the limestone cedar glade endemics grow well under cultivation in a greenhouse mixture of calcareous topsoil and river sand.’
    • ‘The prairies of the central plains likewise contain few endemics.’
    • ‘These could be due to the fact that most of the non-endemic species within this group have adapted to ruderal areas, while none of the endemics occupies this kind of habitat.’
    • ‘Island endemics arise frequently from mainland ancestors in many taxonomic groups, so large numbers of phylogenetically independent comparisons can be made.’
    • ‘Madagascan endemics include Cophylinae and Scaphiophryninae; the former are predominantly tree frogs, the latter are terrestrial and semi-fossorial.’
    around, in circulation, in existence, current, going on, prevailing, prevalent, widespread, pervasive, endemic, happening, in the air, abroad
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Usage

On the difference between endemic, epidemic, and pandemic, see epidemic

Origin

Mid 17th century (as a noun): from French endémique or modern Latin endemicus, from Greek endēmios ‘native’ (based on dēmos ‘people’).

Pronunciation

endemic

/enˈdemik//ɛnˈdɛmɪk/