One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1The action of encrusting or state of being encrusted.
- ‘I had never seen such complete encrustation, and by big corals.’
- ‘I was told they had examined incrustation work done by medieval guild amber workers to learn their secrets for adhesives and how to prepare amber by ‘clarification’ and by dying the amber.’
- ‘Slight variations in the diameter along the length of some filaments reflect either the degree of silica encrustation or septa in the original filament.’
- ‘For some microbes, initial encrustation involved the growth of small spheroids scattered irregularly along the length of the microbe.’
- ‘I couldn't get over the stunning encrustation of the Munchen by soft corals at this depth, suggesting that the tide runs fast and hard over the wreck.’
- ‘In the study of fossil populations, the timing of encrustation is important, although both encrustation during life or after death provides ecological and taphonomic data.’
- ‘Pollutants in the atmosphere and the attentions of birds and humans cause discolouration, encrustation and corrosion.’
- ‘Its coral encrustation is so heavy that all the features of its breech-end are obscured, but around her sit the unmistakable shapes of unused shells, sitting in boxes like eggs.’
- ‘There is no microbial encrustation of the surface, as reported, for example, in Devonian palaeokarsts of the Canning Basin.’
- ‘There is no clear evidence to differentiate encrustation prior to molting from postmortem encrustation on the external surface of carapaces.’
- ‘Nuclear encrustation was present in case 2.’
- ‘This is a good time to do the famous Hispania dive and revel in the vivid orange coloration caused by its complete encrustation.’
- 1.1 A crust or hard coating on the surface of something.‘the sides are white with encrustations of salt’
covering, layer, coating, cover, coat, sheet, thickness, film, skinView synonyms
- ‘Efflorescences are powdery encrustations of minerals that form on the surfaces of rocks by evaporation of their pore water.’
- ‘The wine industry is the only source of tartrates available to commerce and the crystalline encrustations left inside fermentation vessels are therefore regularly scraped off for eventual commercial use after purification.’
- ‘In all of these fossils, the symbiotic colony covers the entire external surface of a gastropod shell with a thick encrustation.’
- ‘A white incrustation called efflorescence is often found on the surface of interior masonry walls.’
- ‘One corner of the quartz encrustation had been removed to show the underlying rhodochrosite.’
- ‘It contained nothing but sand and encrustation, so I left perplexed.’
- ‘They can form thin encrustations, lumps, finger-like growths, or urn shapes.’
- ‘The Great White Way is a comfortable walking passage with white encrustations covering much of the lower half of the walls.’
- ‘It grows as a surface incrustation on gastropod shells inhabited by the hermit crab Pagurus longicarpus.’
- ‘It is not in question in this case as to whether that encrustation should be cut off.’
- ‘These encrustations range in color from bright yellow and white to red to dark gray.’
- ‘Additional weak silicic solutions formed thin encrustations of quartz on the calcite in delicate encrustation pseudomorphs.’
- ‘Equally fascinated by the human figure and the materiality of oil paint, Leroy created dense compositions in which glimmers of imagery can be made out amid thick incrustations of pigment.’
- ‘They are also obviously granulated, but as with the fossil material it is unclear what substances are included in the encrustations.’
- ‘Most of the world's so-called petrifying springs deposit a sintery encrustation on objects immersed in them.’
- ‘Although the quartz encrustation protects the calcite from dissolving, it obscures the twinned nature of the crystals, which is revealed by mechanical removal of the crust.’
- ‘But she did not test the entire area of that encrustation.’
- ‘Cuprite was found mainly as red encrustations associated with azurite and malachite on copper.’
- 1.2Architecture A facing of marble on a building.
Early 17th century (originally as incrustation): from late Latin incrustatio(n-), from the verb incrustare (see encrust).
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