Definition of enclosure in English:


(also inclosure)


  • 1An area that is sealed off with an artificial or natural barrier.

    • ‘Hughes endured a barrage of insults as he jogged in front of the animal enclosure.’
    • ‘The elephants are in an enclosure surrounded by an electric fence and guards will monitor them on horseback and from speed boats.’
    • ‘There were ponies frightened out of their enclosures, cattle racing mad throughout the fields, not to mention the land itself, which was all cut-up.’
    • ‘The two other lions have been moved to a small indoor enclosure at the zoo.’
    • ‘Two at a time, men enter an enclosure, each holding a bird under his arm.’
    • ‘The Park itself has many other attractions, such as woodland walks, deer enclosures and wild boar areas.’
    • ‘How can one be sure that the dry moat surrounding the enclosures would actually prevent the lions or the bears from jumping across?’
    • ‘Disinfection powder is sprinkled outside animal enclosures to keep away insects and pests.’
    • ‘The two fenced enclosures have been placed by the main entrance to the building, in an area that is to be landscaped.’
    • ‘The park has been closed, with all the animals being kept inside their cages except for some monkeys who are allowed to play outside in a special enclosure.’
    • ‘Could zoos design enclosures to keep vulnerable animals properly?’
    • ‘In the middle Iron Age, open settlement was superseded by a large enclosure surrounded by a 6m-wide ditch, with an associated field system.’
    • ‘The chariot had been placed in a large oval pit in the centre of a square ditched enclosure.’
    • ‘Some days later, half a dozen plastic covers containing some popcorn were found near one of the deer enclosures.’
    • ‘Well, I'd come to visit the zoo - and, more specifically, to check out its latest additions: lions and chimps in special new enclosures.’
    • ‘The remains of a small amphitheatre and three rectangular enclosures, possibly Roman, can be seen in fields beside the road.’
    • ‘The big cat took exception to Jill and Steve Argent's red Rover when it entered the tiger enclosure.’
    • ‘Now the authorities have taken up the work of putting up a contour wall around the enclosure and earth-filling work has also been taken up.’
    • ‘Philip was officially opening the new attraction, one of the UK's largest otter enclosures.’
    • ‘One spot that has been identified for this is the half-acre area near the giraffe enclosure.’
    • ‘Almost immediately he began setting up his own Botanic Garden, taking over an old stone-walled enclosure, formerly the common or stable yard, next to the kitchen garden.’
    paddock, fold, pen, compound, stockade, ring, yard, pound
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    1. 1.1An artificial or natural barrier that seals off an area.
      • ‘The project is expected to be long term, with the igloos remaining in the area as protective enclosures, shielding the penguins from dangers of domestic animals.’
      • ‘The most obvious is a small roughly circular earthwork enclosure, known as The Ring.’
      • ‘Open decks form the main showroom spaces, while simple glass enclosures contain administration, staff and sales rooms.’
      • ‘Each centre typically comprises one or more earthwork enclosures containing burial mounds.’
      • ‘Ditches, fences, and other enclosures kept out animal intruders, such as cattle, foxes, and small rodents.’
      • ‘It was a windy night, but the bowl-shaped rock formation around the area made a useful enclosure that kept the weather out.’
      • ‘In Canada, leisure activities may have to take place either inside, or within enclosures protected by mosquito nets and on artificial turf.’
      • ‘Each enclosure had three walls and was open on the forest side.’
      • ‘The bandstand has lost original parts, such as the decorative balustrade and metal enclosures, which surrounded the construction.’
      • ‘And yes, when you look at the buildings and you see the high walls and the enclosures you really knew that it was to keep people in.’
      • ‘Fencing materials were carried by the students to the top of the mountain to be used to build enclosures to protect the vegetation inside.’
      • ‘A new wall and grills have already been put up to form an enclosure around the area.’
      • ‘Ground-mounted equipment is surrounded by enclosures and warning signs are posted on the equipment and fences.’
      • ‘Be sure to inspect walls, curtains, barriers, and enclosures for holes, burn marks, and other indications of misdirected laser energy.’
      • ‘One option is to construct a simple hinged gate that makes up one wall of the enclosure.’
      • ‘Around the circle is a ditched enclosure with an outer bank.’
      • ‘Once spawning began, a large enclosure was constructed across the mouth of the bay containing the colony.’
      • ‘Wiping down tile shower enclosure walls with lemon oil also retards the formation of soap scum.’
      • ‘The theory is that deer see the enclosure and while they can easily jump over, they don't want to get trapped in an enclosed area.’
      • ‘He died after a rare Asian elephant, threw him against the walls of the enclosure at Chester Zoo then head-butted him.’
      barrier, paling, railing, rail, bar, hurdle
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  • 2The state of being enclosed, especially in a religious community.

    ‘the nuns kept strict enclosure’
    • ‘Tridentine decrees forced the enclosure of their community.’
    1. 2.1historical The process or policy of fencing in waste or common land so as to make it private property, as pursued in much of Britain in the 18th and early 19th centuries.
      ‘one of the chief effects of enclosure was to increase the number of landless workers’
      • ‘The privatisation of cultural expressions corresponds to the enclosure of public land in the fifteenth to eighteenth century.’
      • ‘How did we get to this point of corporate ' enclosure of the commons'?’
      • ‘Air photos show a pattern of Romano British fields under the later enclosures.’
      • ‘No one denies England's upper classes became wealthy partly as a result of the enclosure of common land, resulting in the creation of a sizeable class of landless poor.’
      • ‘They were expressly exempted from inclosure under section 15 of the Inclosure Act 1845.’
      • ‘At the beginning of the period, enclosure was often a piecemeal process, undertaken by agreement within the village or by fencing some land from common grazing on adjoining waste.’
      • ‘Social stratification was pronounced in the countryside of Europe even before the enclosure movement.’
      • ‘In this regard, " enclosure of the commons " is a useful term.’
      • ‘A process known as land enclosure had changed the face of the landscape.’
      • ‘Commoners, squatters, and others who had lived on the land but without a specific landholding were expropriated at enclosure, and few seem to have been able to make a living thereafter.’
      • ‘It has survived enclosure and modernisation and strips have been passed down through generations.’
      • ‘Of course, like the first enclosure movement, this new one has its defenders.’
      • ‘This poem is one of the pithiest condemnations of the English enclosure movement, the process of fencing off common land and turning it into private property.’
      • ‘This process, called enclosure, is taught in schools as a story about the way agriculture was made more efficient.’
      • ‘The enclosure of common land permitted the systematic exploitation of timber or its improvement as arable land to meet the rising demand for grain.’
  • 3A document or object placed in an envelope together with a letter.

    • ‘Included in the same exhibit, apparently as enclosures to the letter of 6 July, are a copy of the Master's order and of the court receipt for payment of the security.’
    • ‘I confirm that I received this letter and the enclosures.’
    • ‘We would be most grateful if as a matter of urgency you would confirm receipt of this letter and its enclosure.’
    • ‘Having considered her letter and enclosures we find that the reason that she has given for her non-attendance is quite unsatisfactory.’
    • ‘The letter's enclosures included documents in support of that charge.’
    • ‘I trust that the contents of this letter and its enclosures answer your queries and concerns however if you have any further questions regarding our proposed changes please do not hesitate to contact me.’
    • ‘Letters hold surprising enclosures - pressed violets, four-leaf clovers, and the occasional trinket.’
    • ‘The letter contains no reference to any other enclosures with the letter apart from the insurance questionnaire.’
    • ‘This notification will acknowledge receipt of your latest communication and its enclosures.’
    insertion, inclusion, addition
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Late Middle English: from legal Anglo-Norman French and Old French, from enclos closed in (see enclose).