Definition of encapsulate in English:



  • 1Enclose (something) in or as if in a capsule.

    • ‘However, many old acoustic ceilings have been painted, thereby encapsulating the asbestos-containing material and rendering it waterproof.’
    • ‘Scientists are now developing an encapsulated form of vinegar that they hope will be just as effective as ordinary vinegar.’
    • ‘Dosages range from 1 gram of fresh or dried herb 3 times per day to 170 grams of encapsulated extract 3 times per day.’
    • ‘The capsule endoscopy procedure included attaching sensors to the skin, and use of a battery pack and a recorder placed around the patient's waist for eight hours after the encapsulated camera was swallowed.’
    • ‘The encapsulated wasp egg then melanizes, a process most likely mediated by phenol oxidase released by crystal cells.’
    • ‘Each device is encapsulated in UL 94V - packaging and combines high-performance common mode noise rejection with an isolated level of 500V DC.’
    • ‘Gross examination of the specimen showed an encapsulated mass that weighed 500g.’
    • ‘Together with the third stage of the rocket, it was encapsulated in a ‘can,’ then placed on a wheeled transporter for the 22-mile trip.’
    • ‘Liposomes encapsulating G-actin assumed mostly thin disk shapes and some large irregularly shaped aggregates.’
    • ‘The cleanup of the asbestos will involve sealing and encapsulating the roof.’
    • ‘Consume a supplemental source of probiotics, such as fresh yogurt or encapsulated Lactobacillus and Bifidus bacteria, every day.’
    • ‘The preference in new paint shops is for valves that incorporate an encapsulated ball.’
    • ‘This series of alloys plays a very important role in both the lamp industry and electronics, where glass-to-metal seals in encapsulated components are important.’
    • ‘Glutamine is administered orally in bulk powder or in encapsulated form.’
    • ‘Also, include either yogurt or encapsulated probiotics in your daily diet.’
    • ‘The semiconductor chip, the die pad, and the connection pads are encapsulated in a package body such that the lower surfaces of the die pad and the connection pads are exposed through the package body.’
    • ‘Previous clinical studies using high doses of encapsulated vitamin E suggested this vitamin has an important role in slowing disease progression. [81,82]’
    • ‘We therefore encapsulated hairpin ribozymes inside 200-nm vesicles to test for surface effects.’
    • ‘In the module strategy, the IDE disks and controller are encapsulated in a small module or block so that they can be configured either alone on desktop or side-by-side in a rack for high density storage.’
    • ‘Solaray has introduced its popular multiple Spectro as a three-daily tablet formula to complete its line of encapsulated, iron-free and vegetarian products.’
    enclose, encase, contain, confine, envelop, enfold, sheath, cocoon, surround
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    1. 1.1 Express the essential features of (someone or something) succinctly.
      ‘the conclusion is encapsulated in one sentence’
      • ‘So yes, you've encapsulated the essence of this industry.’
      • ‘His presence and delivery of the lines encapsulated all my expectations of how Macbeth would act.’
      • ‘Particularly since each piece has been expertly selected to encapsulate the essence of its creator.’
      • ‘Her statement encapsulates the prevailing mood of optimism in this sprawling settlement.’
      • ‘And finally, this one, which nicely encapsulates a certain type of far-left paranoia.’
      • ‘It summarizes and encapsulates material drawn from the history of Western art.’
      • ‘I think that encapsulates the true spirit of the proud sporting tradition of this country.’
      • ‘In these few words he neatly encapsulates an underlying principle of the Alexander Technique.’
      • ‘Fortunately, there are three pieces that brilliantly encapsulate the Pleasure Dome experience.’
      • ‘There is a lovely simplicity about those five words; it would be almost impossible to encapsulate the aims of a great broadcasting organisation with more precision.’
      • ‘I can't think of a performance that encapsulated the essence of being dumped so vividly.’
      • ‘The dimensions of this problem are encapsulated in the first sentence of the book: ‘Berlin is a haunted city.’’
      • ‘The scene brilliantly encapsulates the humour and humanism at the heart of Rosenthal's work.’
      • ‘Instead, it has sent the school a letter encapsulating the inspectors' findings.’
      • ‘I do not myself consider that the Strasbourg jurisprudence can be so neatly encapsulated.’
      • ‘Yet questions remain, encapsulated in one elegant paragraph in Butler's first chapter.’
      • ‘The crux of our submission in response, I suppose, is encapsulated in paragraph 20 of our written submissions.’
      • ‘The Exhibition encapsulates the trials and tribulations of everyday life both at home and abroad.’
      • ‘An excellent point which encapsulates all the reasons why he must be stopped.’
      • ‘This encapsulates what young artists encountered in the 1990s, leaving me with terrific melancholy.’
      summarize, sum up, give a summary of, precis, abridge, digest, abbreviate, condense, compress, compact, contract, telescope
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    2. 1.2Computing Enclose (a message or signal) in a set of codes that allow use by or transfer through different computer systems or networks.
      • ‘For digital wrappers, the switch uses a 2.7 - Gbps signal for encapsulating SONET frames.’
      • ‘The Ethernet then is encapsulated into ATM, and it is ATM cells that traverse the ADSL link to the telco DSLAM.’
      • ‘There are typically iSCSI stacks on both ends of a storage network configuration that encapsulate SCSI block commands into Ethernet packets for transmission over the IP network.’
      • ‘RTP is a user-level protocol that provides a way to encapsulate data into packets time-stamped with enough information to allow the proper playback of audio.’
      • ‘VoiceXML, for example, allows voice-based content to be described by XML, encapsulating the data concerning the content.’
    3. 1.3Computing Provide an interface for (a piece of software or hardware) to allow or simplify access for the user.
      • ‘OpenSSH and Stunnel provide handy point solutions when encapsulating more than a few specific applications is overkill.’
      • ‘These conveniently handle all of the JDBC interaction for me and cleanly encapsulate all the database queries my application has to perform.’
      • ‘It also encapsulates reading from the command line, so there is no real difference in invoking from HTML FORMS or a URL or the command line.’
      • ‘The workflow solution encapsulates system interfaces and normalizes host data to create a 360 degree view of the customer.’
      • ‘The business logic encapsulated in the software to run manufacturing businesses has become much more sophisticated than what it used to be, he says, yet the implementation time is much shorter, as well.’
    4. 1.4as adjective encapsulated Enclosed by a protective coating or membrane.
      • ‘The tumor was entirely encapsulated by a fibrous capsule of variable thickness.’
      • ‘Visceral pain is poorly localized and is either cramping (usually from a hollow viscus) or sharp or achy (from an encapsulated organ).’
      • ‘Evidently, encapsulated ribozymes are not accessible to extravesicular ions.’
      • ‘At gross examination, a well-circumscribed encapsulated nodule measuring 3 cm in the greatest dimension was found in the left hemithyroidectomy specimen.’
      • ‘Surgical excision of an encapsulated nodule was performed.’
      • ‘The tumor was partially encapsulated, but in some places the capsule was incomplete and the tumor cells mingled with adjacent thyroid follicles.’
      • ‘In a follicle-forming encapsulated thyroid tumor, the presence of large nuclei with easily identified mitotic figures and conspicuous nucleoli raises the index of suspicion for carcinoma.’
      • ‘Groups of lymph nodules may be partially encapsulated as small organs with a definite lymphatic and blood vascular supply.’
      • ‘This sensitivity was possible because of the special, encapsulated nerve endings in the buttocks and thighs of females.’
      • ‘Composed of encapsulated cementitious grout, the product can be used underwater, in overhead applications, in cold temperatures, or in any application where you require an anchor in concrete.’
      • ‘Low-power microscopy revealed an encapsulated tumor with low cellularity and a variably loose stroma.’
      • ‘The cut surface of the encapsulated tumor was brown-tan with hemorrhagic and cystic changes.’
      • ‘In abdominal disease the symptom is particularly associated with rapid enlargement of an encapsulated organ or distension of a hollow viscus.’
      • ‘The tumor was a gelatinous mass completely encapsulated by a thin fibrous capsule with no hemorrhage or necrosis.’
      • ‘Given that the pH is low enough, these liposomes will undergo a phase transition to inverted lipid phase and presumably release encapsulated material during this process.’
      • ‘The second tumor component was partially encapsulated with solid and trabecular growth pattern with focal areas of necrosis and hemorrhage.’
      • ‘In S. cerevisiae, each of the nuclei is encapsulated in a hardened cell wall formed by growth of a double-membrane prospore wall adjacent to the outer plaque of the meiosis II spindle pole bodies.’
      • ‘Adults produce balloon-shaped gelatinous masses that hold tens of thousands of encapsulated embryos.’
      • ‘Microscopy showed an encapsulated biphasic lesion consisting of a mixture of epithelium and stroma with areas of hyalinization.’
      • ‘Today, polymer encapsulated iron oxide particles are used in biomedical applications.’


Late 19th century (also as incapsulate): from en-, in- ‘into’ + Latin capsula (see capsule).