Definition of emphysema in English:



  • 1A condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness.

    • ‘About 90 % of people who get lung cancer are smokers, as are some 75 % of emphysema sufferers.’
    • ‘Visit any ward full of lung cancer and emphysema patients fighting for breath.’
    • ‘But in emphysema patients, some lung tissue loses its elasticity.’
    • ‘The distribution of the two forms of emphysema in the lungs differs.’
    • ‘The great majority of these patients are cigarette smokers with advance upper lobe emphysema.’
    • ‘Reports at this meeting showed convincingly that chronic tobacco smoke exposure produces emphysema in mice.’
    • ‘Both macrophages and neutrophils are now clearly implicated in the development of smokers' emphysema.’
    • ‘Chest computed tomography showed giant lung bullae and severe upper lobe emphysema.’
    • ‘As adults, we know that smoking leads to life-threatening illnesses such as heart disease, emphysema and lung cancer.’
    • ‘Then we need to add chronic lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis to the list of smoking-caused illnesses.’
    • ‘Patients with severe emphysema had severe airflow obstruction, hyperinflation, and air trapping.’
    • ‘If you have emphysema, your air sacs are damaged, and the smallest bronchial tubes collapse.’
    • ‘He had developed emphysema and had a stroke to go along with his heart problems.’
    • ‘Pulmonary emphysema is a disease that is characterized, if not defined, by the destruction of lung parenchyma.’
    • ‘Remember asthma affects the lung tubes primarily and emphysema the air sacs.’
    • ‘A 49-year-old man with end-stage emphysema underwent bilateral sequential single lung transplantation.’
    • ‘Sometimes people with a chronic lung disease such as emphysema or bronchitis can take beta blockers.’
    • ‘An additional fourth group included 10 patients with emphysema who underwent lung volume reduction surgery.’
    • ‘Whether this mechanism of matrix destruction is important to smokers' emphysema in humans, however, is still uncertain.’
    • ‘Other important causes of shortness of breath are asthma, emphysema, pneumonia, and clots to the lung.’
  • 2A condition in which air is abnormally present within the body tissues.

    • ‘Our patient presented with mild dyspnea and dysphonia and demonstrated subcutaneous emphysema and Hamman's sign.’
    • ‘Another patient has developed surgical emphysema.’
    • ‘A chest radiograph showed mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema and interstitial scarring.’
    • ‘Postoperative subcutaneous emphysema occurred in 8 cases.’
    • ‘She was unable to open her right eye because of the subcutaneous emphysema.’
    • ‘Tachycardia may be present, as well as subcutaneous emphysema.’


Mid 17th century ( emphysema): via late Latin from Greek emphusēma, from emphusan puff up.