Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness.
- ‘As adults, we know that smoking leads to life-threatening illnesses such as heart disease, emphysema and lung cancer.’
- ‘Then we need to add chronic lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis to the list of smoking-caused illnesses.’
- ‘Patients with severe emphysema had severe airflow obstruction, hyperinflation, and air trapping.’
- ‘Remember asthma affects the lung tubes primarily and emphysema the air sacs.’
- ‘Sometimes people with a chronic lung disease such as emphysema or bronchitis can take beta blockers.’
- ‘If you have emphysema, your air sacs are damaged, and the smallest bronchial tubes collapse.’
- ‘The distribution of the two forms of emphysema in the lungs differs.’
- ‘About 90 % of people who get lung cancer are smokers, as are some 75 % of emphysema sufferers.’
- ‘Both macrophages and neutrophils are now clearly implicated in the development of smokers' emphysema.’
- ‘He had developed emphysema and had a stroke to go along with his heart problems.’
- ‘Reports at this meeting showed convincingly that chronic tobacco smoke exposure produces emphysema in mice.’
- ‘Chest computed tomography showed giant lung bullae and severe upper lobe emphysema.’
- ‘An additional fourth group included 10 patients with emphysema who underwent lung volume reduction surgery.’
- ‘Other important causes of shortness of breath are asthma, emphysema, pneumonia, and clots to the lung.’
- ‘A 49-year-old man with end-stage emphysema underwent bilateral sequential single lung transplantation.’
- ‘But in emphysema patients, some lung tissue loses its elasticity.’
- ‘Visit any ward full of lung cancer and emphysema patients fighting for breath.’
- ‘The great majority of these patients are cigarette smokers with advance upper lobe emphysema.’
- ‘Pulmonary emphysema is a disease that is characterized, if not defined, by the destruction of lung parenchyma.’
- ‘Whether this mechanism of matrix destruction is important to smokers' emphysema in humans, however, is still uncertain.’
2A condition in which air is abnormally present within the body tissues.
- ‘Tachycardia may be present, as well as subcutaneous emphysema.’
- ‘Postoperative subcutaneous emphysema occurred in 8 cases.’
- ‘Another patient has developed surgical emphysema.’
- ‘Our patient presented with mild dyspnea and dysphonia and demonstrated subcutaneous emphysema and Hamman's sign.’
- ‘A chest radiograph showed mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema and interstitial scarring.’
- ‘She was unable to open her right eye because of the subcutaneous emphysema.’
Mid 17th century (in emphysema (sense 2)): via late Latin from Greek emphusēma, from emphusan ‘puff up’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.