Definition of elongation in English:

elongation

noun

  • 1The lengthening of something.

    • ‘When mannerism dominated, there was also an emphasis on decoration inspired by animals, plants, and other themes that lent themselves to the elongation and distortion then prevalent.’
    • ‘We found no evidence that the tip rotates during elongation.’
    • ‘Both the computational and analytical models make mechanistic assumptions and do not explicitly deal with processes such as translational elongation.’
    • ‘When that process happens, elongation of the hypocotyl, the embryonic stem, stops.’
    • ‘The lower maximum load used for calculation of graft elongations assured that values would be available for all specimens.’
    • ‘We have shown that our experimental setup permits facile measurements of the angle between two tethers and of the force exerted by one tether during the process of tube elongation until coalescence.’
    • ‘To some degree, of course, this reflects simply the elongation of the body of the animal, but more prominently it represents the primary growth of the gastrointestinal tract itself.’
    • ‘To ensure that stressing was proceeding as expected, the testing agency measured the tendon elongations and compared them to the calculated elongations.’
    • ‘Generally, with the elongation of the sidechain, the conformation change is significant and accompanied interaction variation is remarkable.’
    • ‘The development of a leaf involves a complex pattern of cell division and cell elongation, with cell elongation playing a central part in the expansion of the leaf blade.’
    • ‘Thus, the mechanical response in the adhesion geometry can be only partially estimated since adhesion induces strong elongations in the adhesive material.’
    • ‘Another metabolite-specific effect seen in this work was hypocotyl thickening and elongation.’
    • ‘In paralyzable detectors, a photon reaching the detector during the dead-time leads to an elongation of the dead-time period.’
    • ‘The main difference in that study was the elongation of the tendons that were not surgically treated.’
    • ‘In this case, however, shell inflation and posterior elongation of the aperture should be linked with each other, or the pattern of the aperture map must change considerably during ontogeny.’
    • ‘Dr Ewen believed he had established that something in the GM potato had caused elongation of a section of the stomach.’
    • ‘It initially depends on the orientation of the bud on its axis, and is modified by the growth direction of the apex during elongation.’
    • ‘Some of the most frequent gross morphological adaptations to an aquatic lifestyle include the modifications of limbs into paddles and the elongation and lateral flattening of the tail.’
    • ‘Oberneder insists this is critical for getting true benefits from the motion, because when a muscle is stretched, its immediate reflex is to tighten up against the elongation.’
    • ‘The first step of longitudinal fission is the elongation of the body, causing the central tissues to experience stretch.’
    enlargement, increase in size, swelling, distension, dilation
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    1. 1.1 A part of a line formed by lengthening; a continuation.
    2. 1.2 The amount of extension of an object under stress, usually expressed as a percentage of the original length.
      • ‘Parts made from this material replicate polypropylene tensile strength and elongation at yield, and stuck in the elongation direction.’
      • ‘All structural metals have approximately the same ductility as measured by percentage elongation.’
      • ‘The increase in gauge length related to the original length times 100 is the percentage of elongation.’
      • ‘By one treatment, the tensile strength and elongation may be substantially raised.’
      • ‘Some researches gave specific attention to cooling rate effects and increased tensile elongations obtained with slower cooling rates.’
      • ‘The product in mind has a tensile elongation of 20% to 30%, which is a good quality in a concrete coating.’
      • ‘Fine-grained Ti - 6% Al - 4% V sheet can be superplastically formed, giving very high elongations, tight radii and negligible springback.’
      • ‘However, austenitic steels possess very good ductility with elongations of about 50% in tensile tests.’
      • ‘Actone offers excellent flexibility, kink resistance, and torqueability as well as good pushability, a higher break load, and lower elongation.’
      • ‘The modulus is represented by the op line, the tensile strength by et, and the tensile elongation by oe.’
      • ‘As-cast tensile strengths as high as 800 MPa and elongations of 15 to 20% can be obtained readily in sand castings, and slightly higher values in centrifugal castings.’
      • ‘Also ductility, as measured by percentage elongation, decreases.’
      • ‘The relative amounts of elongation and spread cannot be calculated theoretically but they have been determined experimentally for mild steel.’
      • ‘Lead may be added to the lower-strength manganese bronzes to increase machinability, but at the expense of decreased tensile strength and elongation.’
      • ‘It is shown that tensile elongations between 150 and 200 percent can be obtained with all alloys under the appropriate conditions of temperature and strain rate.’
      protractedness, lengthiness, extent, extensiveness
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    3. 1.3Astronomy The angular separation of a planet from the sun or of a satellite from a planet, as seen by an observer.
      • ‘Furthermore, any resonance with the Earth is illusory in that Mercury is not well placed for observations except during its brief greatest elongations near its aphelion.’
      • ‘On the 9th the planet is at greatest elongation from the Sun and sets around two hours after the Sun.’
      • ‘The Sun keeps a tight rein on Mercury this month because the planet's greatest elongation falls on the day before its perihelion, when it is physically closest to the Sun.’
      • ‘The planet attains its greatest elongation as early as June 8.’
      • ‘The planet reaches greatest eastern elongation, 23.5 degrees from the Sun, on the 3rd.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from late Latin elongatio(n-), from elongare ‘place at a distance’ (see elongate).

Pronunciation

elongation

/iˌlɔŋˈɡeɪʃ(ə)n//ēˌlôNGˈɡāSH(ə)n/