Definition of elimination in US English:



  • 1The complete removal or destruction of something.

    ‘the elimination of extreme poverty is a key objective’
    ‘a global commitment to the elimination of nuclear weapons’
    • ‘The cuts make job elimination less likely.’
    • ‘The results indicate that tariff elimination would have little effect on orange production in Sao Paulo.’
    • ‘The present district labour court system is fated to undergo a phasing out process and eventual total elimination.’
    • ‘The story of the elimination of smallpox is in itself an exhilarating one.’
    • ‘The model is used to estimate the impact of U.S. tariff elimination on U.S. production, prices, and imports.’
    • ‘Green projects have included litter elimination, waste reduction, recycling, healthy eating, and school garden development.’
    • ‘The California Arts Council is a state government agency, which was slated for elimination by the government in 2003.’
    • ‘Having neither money nor prestige, traditional practitioners feared eventual elimination.’
    • ‘For a brief time sociology seemed to face wholesale elimination.’
    • ‘These inspectors will render an accounting of all nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons programs and will help oversee their elimination.’
    1. 1.1 The exclusion of someone or something from consideration or further participation.
      ‘a 1-1 draw confirmed their elimination from the tournament’
      as modifier ‘after the initial elimination rounds, 16 boys qualified for the final’
      • ‘Before they've come off second best because they've had to travel to Port Elizabeth and then face elimination due to lack of audience support.’
      • ‘Christy secured votes all over the electoral area and was only 46 behind O'Malley at the time of his elimination.’
      • ‘Conservative members of parliament will decide on a shortlist of two candidates through a process of elimination.’
      • ‘This activity can also be played as an elimination game.’
      • ‘This is a knockout competition with winners going forward in a series of elimination matches to find an eventual winner.’
      • ‘The elimination final started on tenterhooks for both sides as the scoring was slow and the passages of play at times cumbersome.’
      • ‘The management must take responsibility for the team's possible elimination from the knockout stages of the League.’
      • ‘Later on in the week we'll give you the latest betting odds for the next X Factor elimination.’
      • ‘The winners of the National League Two elimination play-off will go through to the Grand Final next Sunday.’
      • ‘Defending champions San Antonio Spurs are one game away from elimination after falling 101-94 at Phoenix Suns.’
  • 2The expulsion of waste matter from the body.

    ‘the treatment promotes the elimination of toxins’
    • ‘The kidney eliminates bromide with an elimination half-life of 11-12 days.’
    • ‘As well as aid the elimination process, specific cleansing herbs help to quickly break down the intestinal and mucoid matter, so they are removed from your system.’
    • ‘Arsenic is distributed and stored in all tissues of the body and is metabolized for elimination by two sequential processes.’
    • ‘Cayenne pepper increases fluid elimination and sweat production.’
    • ‘Eating dishes cooked with a variety of spices and herbs helps the process of digestion - absorption, assimilation and elimination.’
    • ‘Bile secretion also inhibits the production of cholesterol and speeds its elimination from your body.’
    • ‘GHB has a rapid elimination, and the drug is cleared within four to six hours after ingestion, regardless of the dose.’
    • ‘Raisins aid digestion and elimination when they are soaked in water overnight.’
    • ‘Ayurveda emphasizes a balance of both elimination and detoxification.’
    • ‘Her menstrual cycle, digestion, elimination, and sleep were normal.’
  • 3Mathematics
    The removal of a variable from an equation, typically by substituting another which is shown by another equation to be equivalent.

    ‘Bezout's method of elimination’
    • ‘Although the Jordan normal form is named after him, the Gauss Jordan pivoting elimination method for solving the matrix equation Ax = b is not.’
    • ‘His most important contributions were methods of elimination to produce from a set of simultaneous equations, a single resultant equation in one of the unknowns.’
    • ‘This work contained the first known method of elimination and Fermat wanted it published.’
    • ‘Gauss gave a systematic method for solving such equations which is precisely Gaussian elimination on the coefficient matrix.’
    • ‘He developed Kronecker's polynomial ideals and presented many results on discriminants of forms, elimination theory and Diophantine problems.’
  • 4Chemistry
    The generation of a simple substance as a product in the course of a reaction involving larger molecules.

    ‘a condensation reaction can link together two monosaccharide sugars to form a disaccharide with the elimination of water’
    • ‘Because of the participation of a-ketoglutarate in numerous transaminations, glutamate is a prominent intermediate in nitrogen elimination as well as in anabolic pathways.’
    • ‘The deleterious effects of the free radicals are kept under check by a delicate balance between the rate of their production and elimination by the different antioxidant systems.’
    • ‘Several kinds of mutation may stabilize a protein, among them there is elimination of free sulfhydryl groups.’
    • ‘Ciprofloxacin treatment is considered as a safe and effective method for elimination of cell culture mycoplasmas.’
    • ‘HYP was present in all tissues and these results indicate that the elimination rate of HYP was slower in tumor tissue than any of the other tissues.’