Definition of electrolyte in English:



  • 1A liquid or gel that contains ions and can be decomposed by electrolysis, e.g., that present in a battery.

    • ‘This decomposition of an electrolyte caused by passing an electric current through it is called electrolysis.’
    • ‘The electrodes are zinc and carbon, with an acidic paste between them that serves as the electrolyte.’
    • ‘Choose a sports drink with the highest sodium content, or add some salt or an electrolyte mix to your drink as needed.’
    • ‘He made stacks of zinc and silver disks and blotting paper soaked with salt water, which acted as an electrolyte.’
    • ‘Primary alkaline batteries use sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide as the electrolyte.’
    • ‘The proton from the hydrogen migrates through the electrolyte to the oxygen.’
    • ‘Gold plating is done in much the same way, using a gold anode and an electrolyte containing gold cyanide, AuCN.’
    • ‘The seawater providing a natural electrolyte between the two metals.’
    • ‘When two different metals are immersed in an electrolyte and connected through a metallic path, current will flow.’
    • ‘Both embodiments produce hybrid gel electrolyte systems in which gel and liquid electrolyte co-exist.’
    • ‘The polymer acts as an electrical connection between the electrolyte solution and the surface of the carbon fiber.’
    • ‘The fuel cell also needs moisture in the electrolyte as well as water at the anode to control the supply of methanol.’
    • ‘Most fuel cells use a polymer electrolyte membrane to separate the cathode and anode.’
    • ‘Such an anode body may be used to be filled in the liquid electrolyte in the container to make a capacitor.’
    • ‘In the process, the oxygen ions traversing the electrolyte produce a useful current.’
    • ‘Electrorefining works by running a current through an electrolyte solution via an electrolytic cell.’
    • ‘Because atmospheric corrosion is an electrolytic process, the presence of an electrolyte is required.’
    • ‘This electricity splits the water molecules in an electrolyte, producing hydrogen.’
    • ‘Infusion of glucose, amino acid, and electrolyte solutions did not differ between the two groups.’
    • ‘It is typically expressed as the average electrostatic interactions among an electrolyte's ions.’
    1. 1.1Physiology The ionized or ionizable constituents of a living cell, blood, or other organic matter.
      • ‘The white blood cell count and serum electrolytes were within normal ranges.’
      • ‘Proud to know how to handle oliguria in a baby, I checked his blood pressure and electrolytes.’
      • ‘Her electrolytes and blood counts were normal.’
      • ‘It's warm, wet and full of an effective electrolyte (chloride ions in saliva) that encourages galvanic corrosion.’
      • ‘This is an opportunity to take blood for checking full blood count, urea and electrolytes, blood group, and clotting screen.’


Mid 19th century: from electro- + Greek lutos released (from luein loosen).